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Forest and Natural Resource Based Economic Opportunities in the South Bill Hubbard Southern Regional Extension Forester Natural Resources For this presentation includes: Forest resources Wildlife Alternative forest uses and products Does not include Oil Gas Other “natural resources”

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forest and natural resource based economic opportunities in the south

Forest and Natural Resource Based Economic Opportunities in the South

Bill Hubbard

Southern Regional Extension Forester

natural resources
Natural Resources
  • For this presentation includes:
    • Forest resources
    • Wildlife
    • Alternative forest uses and products
  • Does not include
    • Oil
    • Gas
    • Other “natural resources”

http://home.comcast.net/~j.tavares/gas-prices.jpg

implications for community rural and economic development
Implications for Community, Rural and Economic Development
  • Forests of the South and nation are vast.
  • Value added options are limitless.
  • Impact on local, regional and state economies is large.
  • Offers an untapped opportunity for professionals working in CRED.

http://www.timberline.ca/newsletter/september2002/loggers.jpg

new bureau of census data 2002
New Bureau of Census Data (2002)

*furniture manufacturing includes non-wood products as well.

slide10
The importance of forest management and timber harvests in local economies:A Mississippi example(data from Dr. Bob Daniels, Miss. St.)
wildlife related opportunities
Wildlife-Related Opportunities
  • In1996 wildlife-related recreation expenditures in the U.S. totaled $101 billion.
  • 40 million Americans went hunting or fishing.
  • 63 million observed, fed or photographed wildlife.
nature tourism
Nature Tourism
  • Nature Observation
    • Bird and butterfly tours
    • Plant and wildlife tours
    • Astronomy and star gazing tours
    • Photography and painting
    • Self-guided wildlife viewing

http://www.wonderwoodinc.com/art/butterflies.jpg

nature tourism13
Nature Tourism
  • Educational Tours and Talks
    • Forest/Wildlife histories and cultural tours
    • Outdoor survival skills
    • Horsemanship clinics
    • Guided nature tours

http://www.greenline.org.lb/new/images/projects/ecotourism.jpg

nature tourism14
Nature Tourism
  • Outdoor Recreation
    • Hiking and horseback riding
    • Fee fishing and hunting
    • Camping and picnicking
    • Sport clay shooting
    • Off-road vehicles
    • Agriculture and technical tours
    • Mountain biking

http://ag.arizona.edu/azaqua/aquaculture_images/az/nelson2.jpg

http://www.campallstar.com/images/photoalbum/mountain-biking.jpg

nature based recreation s dual punch
Nature-Based Recreation’s Dual “Punch”
  • Draws Temporary Visitors to an Area
    • Employment and Income Impacts of Expenditures
  • Introduces the Area’s Special Qualities and Characteristics to Outsiders
  • Lays the Basis for Amenity-Based In-Migration
    • New Permanent Residents
    • Economic Vitality Associated with New Residents and the Economic Activity Tied to Them

http://www.naturegate.com/images/pics_about_us.jpg

slide17

By: Andrew N. Skadberg, Jeremy James, Miles Phillips, James R. Kimmel, Carson E. Watt. Texas Cooperative Extension

alternative forest products
Alternative Forest Products
  • Pine straw
  • Shiitake mushroom production
  • Medicinals
  • Greenery

http://texaspinestraw.tamu.edu/media/image04.jpg

http://www.srs4702.forprod.vt.edu/pubsubj/pdf/02t4.pdf

http://www.shiitakecenter.com/lentinus.jpg

http://www.ginseng-seed.com/images/Geneti1.jpg

the case for agroforestry
The case for “agroforestry”
  • The collective word for all land-use systems and practices in which trees and shrubs are deliberately grown on the same land management unit as crops and/or animals.
types of agroforestry
Types of agroforestry
  • Forest Farming
  • Alley Cropping
  • Silvopasture and
  • Buffers (Buffers include Integrated Riparian Management; Windbreaks, Shelterbelts and Boundary Plantings; Community Greenways and Urban Buffers).
resources non timber forest products
Resources – Non timber forest products
  • http://www.sfp.forprod.vt.edu/
resources non timber forest products22
Resources – Non timber forest products
  • http://texaspinestraw.tamu.edu/
basic information needs resource assessment
Basic Information Needs – Resource Assessment
  • Is the availability of timber resources a barrier to the development of the value-added secondary forest products industry?
  • Is the focal region located within reasonable transporting distance of significant standing timber inventory?
  • What are the trends: ownership, forestland acreage, growing stock, growth/removals, sawtimber, diameter classes, species, etc.
basic information needs industry structure
Basic Information Needs – Industry Structure
  • What is the structure of the established primary and secondary forest products industry base?.
  • What types of manufacturing processes and equipment do current companies use?
  • Is there the presence of sawmills, dry kilns, millwork plants, OSB production which could support significant development?
  • Are companies able to compete in the markets they serve?
  • How have these companies which have grown and prospered done so? (Exploiting specialty niches, cutting costs, etc.)
basic information needs products and markets
Basic Information Needs – Products and Markets
  • What is the product mix of the companies?
  • What are the current markets and customer bases? (Both domestic and export)?
  • What is the quality and level of acceptance in current markets?
  • What is the distribution reach?
basic information needs economic impact
Basic Information Needs – Economic Impact
  • What economic impacts result from forest-based industry development?
  • What are the ramifications at the community, regional, and state levels?
forces driving southern forest changes insights for rural developers
Forces driving Southern forest changes: Insights for rural developers
  • Increasing demand, positive markets and changing utilization.
  • Attractive investment returns in Southern forests.
  • Changing private non-industrial owners
  • Forest industry changes.
  • Financial institutions ownership trend.
  • Environmental concern
opportunities
Opportunities
  • Improve forest management
  • Attract new forest industry
  • Expand/diversify current forest industry
  • Improve performance, efficiency and utilization of current industry
other issues opportunities
Other issues/opportunities
  • Carbon sequestration credits
  • Watershed payments
  • Conservation easements
  • Small diameter situation
  • Biomass options
  • Niche markets
    • Animal bedding
    • Engineered wood products