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New institutions New landscapes LAC – BAnQ Two original experiences New institutions, New landscapes

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new institutions new landscapes

New institutionsNew landscapes


Two original experiences

new institutions new landscapes2
New institutions,New landscapes
  • Mindful of a social, economic and technological environment undergoing deep-seated transformation, the documentary communities have been engaged for some 10 years now in in-depth reflection on the content of their missions
new institutions new landscapes3
New institutions,New landscapes
  • The library has changed considerably in its role, from:
    • a place of services and promotion of reading


    • a place of culture
    • a place of life and sociability
    • a place for the people, a place of free expression
new institutions new landscapes4
New institutions,New landscapes
  • The role of archives has also changed profoundly
    • In the beginning, strong emphasis was placed on preservation, clients were researchers
    • Today, there is openness to making resources available to broad publics
new institutions new landscapes5
New institutions,New landscapes
  • Users are at the heart of these reflections
  • How can they be provided with truly democratic access to knowledge?
    • Documentary heritage
    • Collections of universal scope
    • Lending collection
    • Public and private archives
    • Self-education tools
  • How can there be continuity in the responses to users' various requests?
new institutions new landscapes6
New institutions,New landscapes
  • A consensus was reached around
    • one-stop service
    • the network concept
      • local or regional network
      • national network
      • international network
new institutions new landscapes7
New institutions,New landscapes
  • This new dynamic implies an active convergence between
    • libraries
    • archives
    • museums
    • other cultural institutions
new institutions new landscapes8
New institutions,New landscapes
  • To support this convergence, some countries have chosen to create common supervisory bodies for
    • libraries
    • archives
    • museums
new institutions new landscapes9
New institutions,New landscapes
  • Breaking new ground, Canada and Québec chose instead to merge their institutions in the field
    • In 2004, LAC merged library-science, archival and museum-related activities within a single institution
    • Between 2002 and 2006, BAnQ merged the missions of national library, public library and archives within a single institution
new institutions new landscapes10
New institutions,New landscapes
  • While implementing approaches based on a common inspiration, LAC and BAnQ nevertheless applied two distinct, equally interesting models
new institutions new landscapes the banq model
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • Founding moments:
    • 1920: Creation of Québec's provincial archives (Archives de la province de Québec)
    • 1967: Creation of the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec
    • 1998: Creation of the Grande bibliothèque du Québec (a public and virtual library for all Quebecers)
    • 2002: Merger of the BNQ and the GBQ
    • 2006: Merger of the new BNQ with the Archives nationales du Québec
new institutions new landscapes the banq model12
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • A new government corporation
  • 11 facilities spread across Québec
  • Over 700 employees
  • Active partnerships with all library networks in Québec
  • 30 accredited archival agencies
new institutions new landscapes the banq model13
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • Action based on two key words:
    • De-compartmentalization
    • Harmonization

between two formerly distinct cultures:

library science and archival science

new institutions new landscapes the banq model14
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • The structural model chosen by BAnQ respects the boundaries between these two disciplines
  • To the two main library science branches (preservation, library services) a new archives branch was added, responsible for historical private archives and the administration of the Archives Act,which provides a framework for all government departments and agencies
  • Maintenance of distinct collections
new institutions new landscapes the banq model15
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • This choice to respect the specific nature of each component brings a number of major challenges to prevent the institution from splitting apart
    • Learning to work together
    • Having a constant vision of the interconnections between preservation, library services and archives
new institutions new landscapes the banq model16
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • To support this interactivity
    • A core of common services
      • Information and telecommunications technologies
      • Administration and internal services
        • Buildings management
        • Financial resources
        • Human resources
      • Legal affairs
      • Cultural programming
      • Communications and public relations
new institutions new landscapes the banq model17
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • To support this interactivity
    • Setting up of multidisciplinary teams
      • Digitization of the published and unpublished heritage
      • A documentary charter
      • Remote reference
      • Exhibitions and showcasing of collections
new institutions new landscapes the banq model18
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • To support this interactivity
    • Creation of new reference tools
      • Review of institutional policies
      • Adoption of harmonized rules and regulations
new institutions new landscapes the banq model19
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • Launch of a new portal—the glue of this convergence and symbol of the merger—that
    • integrates all of the information relating to the missions of the institution
    • provides access to the digital collections and data banks
    • acts as a single point of entry to
      • all catalogues (meta-search engine)
      • all remote services
new institutions new landscapes the banq model20
New institutions,New landscapesThe BAnQ model
  • The portal—a powerful synthesizing tool—is poised for major development in the short and medium terms
    • Exponential growth of a true virtual library covering all fields of library and archival science
    • Participation in the national and international digital networks
      • Coordination mandate for all of Québec
      • Canadian digitization strategy
      • French-speaking network of national digital libraries
library and archives canada
Library and Archives Canada

A new institution for a changing environment

our commitment to canadians
Our commitment to Canadians

  That Canada be served by an institution that is a source of enduring knowledge, accessible to all, contributing to the cultural, social and economic advancement of Canada as a free and democratic society. 

Library and Archives of Canada Act,

May 2004

an ambitious adventure
An ambitious adventure…
  • Canada’s newest, Canada’s oldest
  • Combines the National Library and the National Archives
  • One of the first such organizations in the world
  • Unique, integrated, knowledge-based
  • The meaning of documentary heritage
the inheritance of a nation the challenge of access
The inheritance of a nation – the challenge of access
  • 19 million books, periodicals, newspapers, microfilms, government publications
  • 156 km of unique textual records
  • 21 million photos; 350,000 works of art
  • Portraits of Canadians since 1710
  • Canadian theses and dissertations
  • 11.4 terabytes of information in electronic formats
  • 71,000 hours of short and full-length films
  • Over 2.5 million architectural drawings, plans and maps
  • Over 270,000 hours of video and sound recordings
  • The largest collection of Canadian sheet music in the world
  • Stamps, editorial cartoons, posters and pamphlets
  • New and traditional media
serving canadian society
Serving Canadian society
  • To know ourselves as we plan for the future
  • To offer a meaningful experience to individuals, families and communities - to help them understand their contribution to Canada
  • To create and sustain a nation of learners
  • To contribute in a measurable way to the economic, social and cultural success of Canadian society
  • To maintain the documentary basis for sovereignty and human rights
working together the professional challenge
Working together: the professional challenge
  • Builds on the best of our professions
  • Combines staff strengths while respecting specialization
  • Librarians, archivists and other information professionals learn from each other and work together
  • A continuum of service to Canadians
navigating the 21 st century
Navigating the 21st century
  • Driven by digital
  • Transformed by the Internet
  • New role of information
  • Diverse society
  • Greater expectations of access
  • Connected through networks
the road less travelled our new mandate
The road less travelled: our new mandate
  • To preserve the documentary heritage of Canada
  • To serve as a source of enduring knowledge, accessible to all
  • To facilitate co-operation among knowledge communities
  • To serve as the continuing memory of the Government of Canada
the biggest single change how people access information
Traditional environment

Willingness to search

Traditional sources of information

Geographic communities

Fragmented world

Standard sources or references

New expectations

Fast access

Web availability

Communities of interest

Networked world

Many competing sources

The biggest, single change: how people access information
reaching our audience the challenges
Reaching our audience: the challenges
  • How to manage digital?
  • How to meet user expectations?
  • How to be relevant to Canadians?
  • How to address diversity?
  • How to increase access?
  • How to provide service?
the library as an ecosystem new ways to do business
The library as an ecosystem: new ways to do business
  • Combining resources, expertise and ideas
  • Connecting with new and traditional partners, nationally and internationally
  • Building and enhancing community networks
  • Ensuring widespread access
  • Enabling learning and research
  • Providing leadership in the development

of standards

the community living room libraries and archives at the local level
The community living room: libraries and archives at the local level
  • On the frontlines of information search
  • Highly visible to the public
  • Cultural centres
  • Key service providers
  • Often the first stop for government access
  • Reflect community needs
lac and the community building on natural synergies
LAC and the community:building on natural synergies
  • Connecting Canadians with collections
  • Building a national reference desk, community by community
  • Moving beyond books: the digital gateway
  • Promoting learning and research
  • Travelling exhibitions
  • Technology partnerships to broaden reach
  • Selection of digital content
providing support to traditional partners
Providing support to traditional partners
  • Interlibrary loans
  • AMICUS, including the Union Catalogue
  • Cataloguing in Publication Program:
  • New Books Service
  • Legal Deposit/Electronic Collection
  • Gateway to Canadian Libraries
  • Reference and Consultation Services
  • Canadian Book Exchange Centre
providing support to traditional partners35
Providing support to traditional partners
  • Canadian Subject Headings
  • The National Bibliography of Canada
  • Inventory of Canadian Digital Initiatives
  • Standards for bibliographic description
  • MARC 21 Standards – translation and distribution
  • MARC Records Distribution Service
  • Répertoire de vedettes-matières – with the Bibliothèque de l’Université Laval
  • Symbols and Interlibrary Loan Policies in Canada
what s new
What’s New
  • Canadian Digital Information Strategy
  • Extension of Legal Deposit
  • Winkworth Exhibition
  • LAC Portrait Program
  • Genealogy Strategy
  • New nitrate storage facility
  • Digitization of census records
getting it off the shelf the world of digital
Getting it off the shelf: the world of digital
  • Digital Collection Development Policy
  • Virtual loading dock
  • Web archiving
  • Metadata framework
  • Canadian Digital Information Strategy
  • Trusted Digital Repositories
  • Digitizing the LAC collection
  • Virtual gallery
on the web
On the Web
  • Project Naming
  • Where are the Children? Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools
  • First Among Equals
  • Backcheck: A Hockey Retrospective
  • Moving Here, Staying Here
creating access driven partnerships
Creating access-driven partnerships
  • BAnQ
  • CBC
  • Google
  • Ancestors in the Attic
  • TD Bank
combining services for greater access
Combining services for greater access
  • AMICAN: single point of access
  • Search-all interface
  • Web archiving
  • Traditional library services (interlibrary loan, cataloguing, bibliographic standards)
  • Simplified Web content
  • Resource sharing
  • Information management
raising our profile canada and the world
Raising our profile: Canada and the world
  • Hosting IFLA 2008: Libraries without Borders
  • Welcoming CITRA in 2007
  • Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques
making strategic choices
Making strategic choices
  • Take full advantage of digital opportunities
  • Make our collection and expertise more relevant, accessible
  • Focus on effective record keeping in the Government of Canada
  • Provide leadership for government libraries
  • Deliver our mandate through partnerships
  • Use client research to inform management decisions
moving towards where we want to be creating opportunities
Moving towards where we want to be: creating opportunities
  • Thinking ahead, sharing information
  • Making our resources relevant and accessible
  • Working together with libraries and archives
  • Creating dynamic communities for the future, both real and virtual
building a dream
Building a dream

It may be a dream, but it is a noble dream. It has often sustained me when the daily drudgery, for it is drudgery, was telling on mind and body.

Douglas Brymner, Canada’s first National Archivist, 1888