comparing the five views christians take to psychology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 733 Views
  • Uploaded on

Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology. By Eric L. Johnson Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Levels-of-Explanation Model. Major representatives David Myers. Malcolm Jeeves. Most common Christian position among Christian college psychology faculty.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology' - Patman


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
comparing the five views christians take to psychology

Comparing the Five Views Christians Take to Psychology

By Eric L. Johnson

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

levels of explanation model
Levels-of-Explanation Model
  • Major representatives

David Myers

Malcolm Jeeves

  • Most common Christian position among Christian college psychology faculty
levels of explanation model1
Levels-of-Explanation Model
  • Humans are best understand in terms of a hierarchy of levels or disciplines of relative complexity that should not be confused

Theology

Psychology

Biology

Chemistry

  • Therefore, one’s faith should not affect the other levels or disciplines
levels of explanation model2
Levels-of-Explanation Model
  • Strengths

1. Takes science and research very seriously

2. Allows all scientists to contribute to their discipline, regardless of worldview differences

3. Avoids problems with misinterpreting the Bible, like what happened regarding the earth’s position in the solar system

4. Has shaped contemporary psychology in areas like psych. of religion, forgiveness, and values in therapy

levels of explanation model3
Levels-of-Explanation Model
  • Weaknesses

1. Prevents worldviews from exercising influence, except for secularist worldview!

2. Secularism is unfair to Christians. Forbids Christians to work within their worldview/prevents use of Christian values in public mental health facilities

3. Excludes Bible from contributing to psychology

4. Can easily lead to syncretism and the importation of modern values regarding topics like homosexuality (D. Myers)

integration model
Integration Model
  • Major representatives

Bruce Narramore

Mark McMinn

Everett

Worthington

Stan Jones

Dominant approach at Christian graduate schools

integration model1
Integration Model
  • Major Orientations

1. Interdisciplinary Integration (majority position)

Goal is the integration of psychology and theology

2. Worldview Integration (Jones & Butman, 1991)

Goal is the proper interpretation of modern psychology according to a Christian worldview

3. Ethical Integration (popular among postmoderns)

Goal is to live Christianly in one’s personal and professional life

integration model2
Integration Model
  • Common Slogan

“All Truth is God’s Truth”

Key Insight

God is glorified when Christians make use of his truth

Limitation

The way the slogan is often used seems to imply that all secular psychology is true

integration model3
Integration Model
  • Comparing Quality of Integration

1. Strong Integration

Christian thought makes a real impact

Examples: Jones & Butman, McMinn, Tan, Sandage

2. Weak Integration

Christianity makes no substantial impact

Examples: Carter & Narramore, and many who use the term

integration model4
Integration Model
  • Strengths

1. Takes science and research seriously

2. Allows Christian faith to reinterpret psychology

3. Recognizes the role of God’s “creation grace” in culture and science

4. Seeks to engage the culture and impact contemporary psychology

integration model5
Integration Model
  • Weaknesses

1. Assumes a dualistic separation between biblical research and research on human beings

2. Assumes that modern psychology is the real legitimate version of psychology/Allows secularism to set the agenda for psychology

3. Minimizes the distorting effects of sin on our understanding = the “Antithesis”

4. Poor integration undermines the lordship of Christ and the impact of redemption (esp. in counseling)

modern pastoral care model
Modern Pastoral Care Model
  • Major representatives

Howard Clinebell

Don Browning

Anton Boisen

Integration with Liberal Theology

modern pastoral care model1
Modern Pastoral Care Model
  • Strengths

1. Demonstrates more rigorous thinking than most evangelical counseling books

2. Evidences significant familiarity with modern/ postmodern psychology

3. Demonstrates considerable psychological sophistication

modern pastoral care model2
Modern Pastoral Care Model
  • Weaknesses

1. Integrates modern/postmodern psychology with liberal theology

2. Insufficiently critical of modern/postmodern psychology. Like liberal theology, it basically embraces contemporary thought, and jettisons historic Christian beliefs and values

biblical counseling model
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Major representatives

Jay Adams

David Powlison

Ed Welch

Wayne Mack

biblical counseling model1
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Counseling that is based exclusively on the Bible (and theology)
  • Concern about the influence of secularism on modern psychology So, skeptical about integration
  • Sin is the primary focus of counsel So gospel is the primary solution
biblical counseling model2
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Common Slogan

“The Sufficiency of Scripture”

Key Insight

Scripture is authoritative and necessary for Christian counseling bec/ it is God’s soul care guidebook

Limitation

The way the slogan is often used seems to imply that the Bible is scientifically sufficient and its content directly addresses all counseling matters comprehensively

biblical counseling model3
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Major Orientations

1. Traditional Biblical Counseling (Adams, Mack)

a. Anti-psychology, anti-licensure, anti-medication

b. Assumes a dualistic separation between biblical research and research on human beings

c. Negativistic, judgmental tone towards others

d. Superficial understanding of sin * Focus on behavior * Repent and all will be well * Lack of awareness of subtle, remaining sin

biblical counseling model4
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Major Orientations

2. Progressive Biblical Counseling (CCEF, SEBTS, CBS)

a. Very cautious about modern psychology, but more open to learn from extrabiblical sources

b. Greater willingness to dialogue with others

c. More sophisticated understanding of sin * Focus on the heart * Focus on “idols” * Willingness to develop relationship and take as long as necessary

biblical counseling model5
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Strengths

1. Bible is God’s word for soul care; BCM takes the Bible seriously

2. Wary of the implicit worldview influences of secularism on modern psychology; Want to avoid syncretism

3. Strive for a theocentric approach to soul care that sees sin as our worst problem and Christ’s work as the cure for the sin-sick soul

biblical counseling model6
Biblical Counseling Model
  • Weaknesses

1. Has not given enough thought to relation between creation and redemption

2. Has not given even thought to relation between God’s word in creation and God’s word in Scripture

3. Overemphasizes the “Antithesis” and its effects and underemphasizes “Creation Grace” effects

4. So typically not theocentric enough

christian psychology model
Christian Psychology Model
  • Major representatives: Classical

Apostle Paul

Julian of Norwich

Soren Kierkegaard

John Bunyan

Augustine

christian psychology model1
Christian Psychology Model
  • Major representatives: Contemporary

Paul J. Watson

Robert Roberts

Paul Vitz

Diane Langberg

Larry Crabb

christian psychology model2
Christian Psychology Model
  • Relation to Integration and Biblical Counseling

1. A middle way between both models that seeks to build on the strengths of each and avoid their historic weaknesses

2. Yet, rightly interpreted, there is no fundamental incompatibility between all three models—just difference in focus and location in culture

Integration = Doing research and professional counseling in the public square

Biblical Counseling = Work in the Church, Bible-based

Christian psychology = Doing research and professional counseling in Christian contexts (churches, counseling centers, colleges and universities)

christian psychology model3
Christian Psychology Model
  • The agenda of a Christian Psychology

The ongoing development of distinctly Christian psychological theory, research programs, and soul care practice.

christian psychology model4
Christian Psychology Model
  • The agenda of a Christian Psychology

A Christian psychology will be shaped primarily by the Christian Scriptures, as well as Christianity’s intellectual and ecclesial traditions.

However, a Christian psychology will also be critically informed by other relevant sources of psychological truth, particularly its own reflection, research, and practice, but also the psychological work of other traditions (e.g., secular psychology), philosophy, human experience, and the other human sciences.

While God’s understanding of human nature is the goal of a Christian psychology, given human finitude and the existence of distinct Christian traditions, a Christian psychology will actually consist of many different perspectives found within the historic Christian Church.

christian psychology model5
Christian Psychology Model
  • The agenda of a Christian Psychology

A Christian psychology will not differ noticeably in every respect from modern or postmodern psychology.

Only where the psychological feature is worldview dependent

christian psychology model6
Christian Psychology Model

What areas of psychology are not so worldview dependent?

1. Biological mechanics: genetics and neuropsychology, drive motivation

2. Psychological mechanics: animal learning, memory, reasoning, intelligence, language, emotion, school learning, action

3. Social processes: family influences, group dynamics, social skills, social influence

christian psychology model7
Christian Psychology Model

What areas of psychology are more worldview dependent?

Those that are…

the most subject to sociocultural influence

the most complex

the most existential

and the understanding of which is the most value-laden

christian psychology model8
Christian Psychology Model

What areas of psychology are more worldview dependent?

1. Higher human motivation/uniquely human

2. Personality structures and processes

3. Psychopathology

4. Definitions of human maturity and flourishing

5. Healing of the soul/Psychotherapy, counseling

6. Interpretation of complex social phenomena like attribution, love, relations between motives, and ethical and spiritual dynamics

christian psychology model9
Christian Psychology Model

What major distinctives will characterize a Christian psychology?

1. God is the center of human life

2. Humans are situated within a grand theo-drama in which the triune God is gradually and increasingly manifesting himself and his glory. This theo-drama can be summarized as creation, fall, redemption, and consummation

christian psychology model10
Christian Psychology Model

What major distinctives will characterize a Christian psychology?

3. Creation: Humans are made in God’s image

4. Fall: Humans are sinners and primordially alienated from God and neighbor

5. Redemption: The appropriation by faith of Christ’s work of redemption is necessary for proper human maturity, coping, healing, and strengthening—of great importance for counseling

christian psychology model11
Christian Psychology Model

What major distinctives will characterize a Christian psychology?

6. Consummation: Human life is eschatological— oriented to an eternal future with God

7. A four dimensional relational model of human life

christian psychology model12
Christian Psychology Model

What major distinctives will characterize a Christian psychology?

8. A multi-level, hierarchical, holistic model of human nature

christian psychology model13
Christian Psychology Model

A Strategic Vision for Christian Psychology

1. We need contributors from multiple vocations: psychologists (researchers are especially important), counselors, philosophers, theologians, pastors, spiritual directors, educators, public policy specialists.

2. We need contributors from multiple historic Christian traditions.

christian psychology model14
Christian Psychology Model

A Strategic Vision for Christian Psychology

3. We need Christian theory-building, research programs, and specific clinical strategies and detailed treatment protocols and paradigms that flow from a Christian understanding of human beings.

4. We need a two-track approach a. To and for the Christian community/the Church

christian psychology model15
Christian Psychology Model

A Strategic Vision for Christian Psychology

4. We need a two-track approach b. To and within the larger Western psychological community

* Contributions to mainstream journals/books

In areas where there is less worldview dependence

In areas where there is more worldview dependence

* Involvement in public mental health: Towards pluralistic centers, no longer secular