Cholesterol and Heart Disease. Plaques. Buildup in arteries is composed of proteins, lipids, and cholesterol When blood vessels are plugged up, you get heart attacks or strokes. 1.5 million deaths per year from heart attacks 600,000 deaths from cancer.
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Deaths from cardiovascular disease(United States: 1900–2006 preliminary). Source: NCHS and NHLBI.
Prevalence of CVD in adults age 20 and older by age and sex (NHANES: 2005-2006). Source: NCHS and NHLBI. These data include coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and hypertension.
Annual rate of first heart attack by age, sex and race. (ARIC Surveillance:1987-2004). Source: NHLBI.
Prevalence of low CHD risk, overall and by sex, ages 25-74 (NHANES :1971-2002). Source:Personal communication with NHLBI 6/28/07. “Low risk” is defined as SBP <120 mm Hg and DBP<80 mm Hg; cholesterol < 200 mg/dL and BMI <25 kg/m2 and currently not smoking cigarettes and no prior MI or DM.