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An Instructor’s Options. Frank T. Stritter, Ph.D. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. An Instructor's Options. Goals. Describe various options Describe instructor’s role Choose formats creatively. Clusters of an Instructor’s Skills, Strategies and Attitudes.

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an instructor s options

An Instructor’s Options

Frank T. Stritter, Ph.D.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

  • Describe various options
  • Describe instructor’s role
  • Choose formats creatively
clusters of an instructor s skills strategies and attitudes
Clusters of an Instructor’s Skills, Strategies and Attitudes
  • Organizing and explaining material
  • Creating an environment for learning
  • Helping learners become autonomous
  • Reflecting on and evaluating teaching
large group
Large Group
  • Lecture
  • Lecture /


the lecturer





Uses audiovisuals

Varies activities

Is lively


The Lecturer
small group


Learner -


Small Group
the leader
The Leader
  • Sets task
  • Informs
  • Challenges
  • Releases tension
  • Elicits
  • Supports
the tutor
The Tutor
  • Instructs learner how to prepare
  • Presents content via materials
  • Meets with learner
  • Questions learner
  • Classifies response and provides feedback
  • Determines next question
  • Ends meeting
the instructor
The Instructor
  • Negotiates outcomes
  • Agrees upon tasks
  • Develops bench marks
  • Allows reasonable flexibility
  • Evaluates comprehension
  • Provides feedback when necessary


Learner research


the supervisor
The Supervisor
  • Diagnoses learner’s need
  • Negotiates responsibilities/expectations
  • Performs, observes, assigns
  • Debriefs
  • Provides feedback
  • Ensures time to reflect
  • Summarizes and closes

Type of Participation

People Remember

90% of what they do



70% of what they say or write


and Doing

50% of what they hear and see


30% of what they see


20% of what they hear or read

Learning Pyramid

Practice by Doing the Real Thing

Simulate an Experience

Prepare and Deliver a Presentation

Participate in a Discussion Group

Watch a Demonstration

View a Multimedia Presentation

Watch Video

View a Still Picture

Hear Presentation


in summary
In Summary:
  • Large Group
  • Small Group
  • Tutorial
  • Individualized
  • Experiential
in conclusion
In Conclusion:
  • No one best strategy
  • More than one format
  • Each learner has specific needs
  • Adapt to what learner needs
  • Each instructor has strengths
  • Each instructor should be assigned based on strengths
stephen covey
Stephen Covey
  • “Successful people begin with the end in mind.”
general colin powell
General Colin Powell

“There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work and learning from failure.”

confucius says
Confucius says:
  • “What I hear, I forget.
  • What I see, I remember.
  • What I do, I learn!”
coach vince lombardi
Coach Vince Lombardi
  • “Practice does not make perfect. Perfect practice makes perfect.”
coach joe young
Coach Joe Young
  • “No one cares how much you know until they knowhow much you care.”
coach paul bryant
Coach Paul Bryant
  • “I’m just a plow hand from Arkansas, but I have learned how to hold a team together. You have to lift some up and calm others down until you have just one heartbeat. That’s what it takes to make each one a winner”
peter e king

Peter E. King

“ Those who can – do,

Those who think that others can also – teach.”

president ruth simmons
President Ruth Simmons

If it hadn’t been for my teachers, my God, I don’t know what would have happened to me.”

mitch albom

Mitch Albom

“Have you ever had a teacher - one who saw you as raw, but precious jewel, that with wisdom could be polished to a proud shine? “

albert camus
Albert Camus
  • “Without you, without the affectionate hand you extended to me, without your teaching, and your example, none of this would have happened.”