Welcome to Romania! • Romania is a republic in Southeast Europe , bordering the Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova , Black Sea , Bulgaria and Serbia. • At 1st January 2015 Romania's population after residence was 22.279 millions people. • The Romania’s capital is Bucharest, and it’s the largest town of our country. • Romanian Regions: Banat, Bucovina, Dobrogea, Maramures, Moldova, Wallachia and Transylvania. • Romania’s cities: Alba Iulia, Baia Mare, Brasov, Braila, Cluj, Constanta, Craiova, Galati, Iasi, Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Suceava, Timisoara, Targu Jiu, Targu Mures, Tulcea. • Over the centuries, various migrators invaded Romania. Romania's historical provinces Wallachia and Moldova offered a big resistance to the invading Ottoman Turks. Transylvania was successively under Habsburgs, Ottomans, Hungarians or Wallachians occupations, while remaining an semiautonomic provinces.
Romania's Economy • For many centuries Romania's economy was based on agriculture. In the 1930s Romania was one of the main European producers of wheat, corn and meats and it used to be called "the bread basket of Europe." • In the 1950s the communist leader of Romania, Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, began developing heavy industry. • Romania produces coal, natural gas, iron and petroleum but most raw material for the country's large industrial capacity potential are imported. Prominent industries include chemical (petrochemical, paints and varnishes), metal processing, machine manufacturing, industrial and transport equipment, textiles, manufactured consumer goods and furniture. • 39.2% of Romania's territory is arable land, 28% forests, 21% pastures, hayfields and orchards and 2.5% vineyards. Corn, wheat, vegetable oil seeds, vegetables, apples and grapes for wine are the main crops and sheep and pigs the main livestock. Forestry and fisheries are being developed under long-term programs. Since 1990, successive governments have concentrated on turning Romania into a market economy. • Romania has a developing, upper-middle income market economy. • Romania has experienced growth in foreing investment with more than $170 billion since 1989. • Until 2009, Romanian economic growth was among the fastest in Europe (officially 8.4% in 2008 and more than three times the EU average). • The country is a regional leader in multiple fields, such as IT and motor vehicle production. • Bucharest, the capital city, is one of the largest financial and industrial centres in Eastern Europe.
Romania‘s Economy • Following rapid economic growth in the 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. • Around 90% of the population identify themselves as Orthodox Christians. • With a rich cultural history, Romania has been the home of many artists, musicians, inventors and sportspeople, and features a variety of tourist attractions.
Culture andNational symbols of Romania Mihai Eminescu is the national poet of Romania. George Enescu was an Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor, and teacher . ConstantinBrâncuși was a sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France. Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century, Brâncuși is called „the patriarch of modern sculpture“.
Proeminent Romanians People • Prominent Romanian painters include Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Andreescu, Nicolae Tonitza and Theodor Aman. • Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. In honour of the great composer George Enescu is held in Bucharest the annual „George Enescu Festival“. Nadia Comăneci was the first gymnast to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event.
Natural Attractions in Romania • Main Attractions • Black Sea Resorts,Castles andFortresses, theunic in Europe Danube Delta, Medieval Towns, theCarpathian Mountains, theMoldavianMonasteries, Medical Spas, Traditional Villages. Black Sea Danube Delta
Natural Attractions in Romania Peles Castleis the most elegant , exciting and impressive castel in Romania Sighisoara hosts Medieval Days, during which people dress in traditional costume and stage music and theatrical performances
Natural Attractions in Romania Carpathian MountainsRomania's national and natural parks, displaying a unique variety of landscapes, vegetation and wildlife, protect some of the largest remaining areas of pristine forest in Europe Moldavian Monastery with their fine exterior and interior frescoes, have been preserved and handed down from mediaeval times, and because of their uniqueness and artistic value, were added to UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage List in 1993
Trip Idea Please, don‘t forget to visit our beautiful country !