The Ancient Near East. The Birth of Civilization and the Origins of Life in the Ancient Near East. I. The Birth of Civilization in Western Asia. Cities vs. Villages Earliest cities emerge in Mesopotamia Importance of cooperation in irrigation Militarism produced rulers The role of religion.
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The Birth of Civilization and the Origins of Life in the Ancient Near East
“Civilization”: The stage in human organization when governmental, social and economic institutions have developed sufficiently to manage the problems of order, security, and efficiency.
--world’s oldest poetry
-- “An Eye for an eye”
-- “Let the Buyer Beware”
--only Mesopotamian civilization to submit to a queen
--invented concept of a corps of engineers
--khed meaning “to go downstream”
--khent meaning “to go upstream”
--concept of “ma’at”
--Temple of Karnak
--Famous bust of Nefertiti
--invented deeds, contracts and wills
--oldest known currency in history