Regulatory Framework in Europe. Titus Spoelstra Wim van Driel CRAF URL: www.astron.nl/craf. “Counter” for issues. Administrations of sovereign states are the bodies mandated for frequency management and executing regulation of spectrum use.
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Wim van Driel
Global Organization (in UN family):
International Telecommunication Union – ITU:
Member States (15) delegate sovereignty to independent institutions which represent the interests of the Union as a whole, its member countries and its citizens. The Commission upholds the interests of the Union as a whole, while each national government is represented within the Council, and the European Parliament is directly elected by citizens.
This "institutional triangle" is flanked by two other institutions: the Court of Justice and the Court of Auditors. A further five bodies make the system complete.European Union
- CEPT: ‘binding’ for Administrations that adopted CEPT Decisions and Recommendations
- EC: binding regulation for whole EU
- Administrations, Administrative Bodies and National Standards Organisations,
- Public Network Operators,
- Private Service Providers, Research Bodies, Consultancy Companies/Partnerships and others.
- note: standard is voluntary agreement or ‘tool’ to facilitate industry. It is not legally binding.
When having formal observer status:
Wim van Driel chairman
Titus Spoelstra frequency manager
(not participating: Greece, Ukraine)
(= whole ITU allocation range)
- Radio Astronomy (1997)
- Frequency Management (2002)