problem based learning l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Problem-Based Learning PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Problem-Based Learning

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Problem-Based Learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 253 Views
  • Uploaded on

Problem-Based Learning “You are a scientist working for the state department of nuclear safety. Some people in a small community feel their health is at risk because a company keeps thorium piled above ground at one of their plants. What action, if any, should be taken?”

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Problem-Based Learning' - Pat_Xavi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
problem based learning
Problem-Based Learning

“You are a scientist working for the state department of nuclear safety. Some people in a small community feel their health is at risk because a company keeps thorium piled above ground at one of their plants. What action, if any, should be taken?”

Summer Challenge 1992, IMSA

problem based learning2
Problem-Based Learning

“You are a member of a county board. Certain individuals want to develop a low-level-radioactive waste disposal in your county as a way of generating jobs. Others disagree, citing concerns about health risks such as ground water contamination and increased cancer rates. How do you fairly and equitably resolve this dispute?”

ISU Physics Teacher Education Program

problem based learning3
Problem-Based Learning

“A wind energy consortium is hoping to build a 250-unit wind farm in central Illinois. The consortium has been completing contracts with local farmers to erect 400-foot-tall, three-propeller wind mills on their lands. Local home owners are up in arms about the pending development. You are a judge and have been asked for a restraining order. What do you do?”

ISU Physics Teacher Education Program

problem based learning4
Problem-Based Learning:
  • helps develop mastery of core subjects and 21st century themes (English; Reading or Language Arts; World Language; Arts; Mathematics; Economics; Science; Geography; History; and Government and Civics)
  • weaves 21st century interdisciplinary themes into core subjects (Global Awareness; Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy; Civic Literacy; Health Literacy; and Environmental Literacy)
pbl promotes learning skills
PBL promotes learning skills:
  • CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION
  • CRITICAL THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING
  • COMMUNICATION AND COLLABORATION
  • INFORMATION LITERACY
  • MEDIA LITERACY
  • ICT (Information, Communications and Technology) LITERACY
pbl promotes life career skills
PBL promotes life/career skills
  • FLEXIBILITY AND ADAPTABILITY
  • INITIATIVE AND SELF-DIRECTION
  • SOCIAL AND CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS
  • PRODUCTIVITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY
  • LEADERSHIP AND RESPONSIBILITY
for operational definitions see
For operational definitions, see:
  • Partnership for 21st Century Skills
  • http://www.p21.org/
other benefits of employing pbls
Other benefits of employing PBLs
  • substantial, broad, and interconnected learning
  • engaging and motivational
  • shows relevance of science in authentic situations
  • models scientists working in context
  • demands use of higher-order thinking skills
  • helps students learn how to learn
  • shows the applicability of learning
  • stresses learning over teaching
  • utilizes Internet and other learning technologies
how does pbl do this
How does PBL do this?
  • confronts students with a problem that has no clear or “easy” solution.
  • places students in active roles as real-world problem solvers
  • requires students to gather and use scientific data or other evidence
  • requires students to evaluate arguments coming from a variety of sources
pbl causes a shift in roles
PBL causes a shift in roles:
  • teacher models / coaches / fades
    • ask about thinking
    • probe / challenge
    • keep students involved
    • monitor / adjust challenge
    • manage group dynamics
  • students become active problem solvers
    • actively engaged
    • construct meaning
    • become self directed
pbl processes
PBL Processes

Problem Design

  • ill-structured problem based on desired outcomes, learner characteristics, and compelling problems.
  • teacher anticipates learners’ needs
  • teacher makes resources available

Cognitive Coaching

  • facilitates student definition of problem through cycles of “know / need to know”
  • teachers model, coach, and fade in supporting student learning process
the problem
The Problem
  • requires inquiry, information gathering, and evaluation
  • is tentative and changing
  • involves students in making value judgments
  • often has no “right” solution or answer
  • demands that students make and then defend their conclusions on the basis of evidence and logical argumentation
  • provides challenge and motivation
    • appeals to human desire for resolution
    • sets up need for and context of learning
additional pbl examples 1
Additional PBL Examples 1
  • location of a theme park in an environmentally sensitive area
  • building a nuclear power plant in someone’s “backyard”
  • dealing with the global warming controversy
  • the conservation of energy
  • nuclear energy vs. fossil fuels
  • the trial of Galileo
  • creation vs. evolution
  • funding to search for NEO asteroids/comets
additional pbl examples 2
Additional PBL Examples 2
  • relativity theory (can this be real?)
  • the atom, radioactivity, and humanity
  • thermodynamics and creationism
  • nature of the world system
  • electricity & the electronic revolution (Big Brother, virtual reality, video games)
  • thermodynamics & the automobile
  • fossil fuels vs. alternative energy sources
  • radiation and food "sanitation”
assessment of pbl outcomes
Assessment of PBL Outcomes
  • students generate a “product” in accord with original problem statement
  • excellent location to use authentic / alternative assessments:
    • self assessment
    • peer assessment
    • teacher assessment
pbl vs other approaches
PBL vs. Other Approaches

The Range of Teaching Methodologies

Problem-focused

discussion

Case

method

Anchored

problem solving

Authentic

situation

Lecture

Teacher-led

discussion

Role

playing

Discovery-based

inquiry

Problem-based

learning

isu phy 311 pbls on internet
ISU PHY 311 PBLs on Internet
  • http://phy.ilstu.edu/pte/311.html