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Pachamama The Students Will (TSW) TSW- learn the history and culture surrounding Pachamama TSW- use the elements of art and design to create their own Pachamamas TSW- understand symbolism used on Pachamama, then apply them to their own projects What is Pachamama?

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the students will tsw
The Students Will (TSW)
  • TSW- learn the history and culture surrounding Pachamama
  • TSW- use the elements of art and design to create their own Pachamamas
  • TSW- understand symbolism used on Pachamama, then apply them to their own projects
what is pachamama
What is Pachamama?
  • Pachamama is a goddess revered by the indigenous people of the Andes. Pachamama is usually translated as "Mother Earth" but a more literal translation would be "Mother World"
slide4
Mama Pacha or Pachamama is the most benevolent deity in parts of the Andean mountain range.
  • She is a fertility goddess who presides over planting and harvesting. She is also known for creating earthquakes.
influence from other religons
Influence from Other Religons
  • After conquest by Catholic Spain her image was masked by the Virgin Mary, behind whom she is invoked and worshiped in Indian rituals throughout the Andes.
  • It is not uncommon for native people to blend new religions in this case, Catholicism with their century old beliefs.
worship
Worship
  • Pachamama has a special worship day called "Martes de Challa" (Challa's Tuesday) where people bury food, throw candies, and burn incense. This is held on Shrove Tuesday, (the Tuesday preceding the beginning of Lent) another way Pachamama has merged with Catholicism.
hidden pachamama
Hidden Pachamama
  • There are shrines dedicated to the Virgin Mother everywhere in the Andes, but in reality they’re shrines to Pachamama. Its a complicated mix; a little for the Virgin Mary and a lot for the Mama. The people leave little gifts of candy, flowers and notice the bottle of waters to replenish Mother Earth.
colors of the earth
Colors of the Earth
  • Many times, Pachamama is represented with earth tones. Can you name the ones shown here?
it s in the details
It’s in the Details
  • Close patterns add texture when limited color is available.
  • Use of Symbolism helps to tell the story
  • Colors
    • Brown
    • Black
    • Tan
    • Cream
telling the story using the elements of arts
Telling the Story Using the‘Elements of Arts’
  • Line-
    • Horizontal
    • Vertical
    • Diagonal
    • Etc.
  • Shape
    • Organic
    • Geometric
  • Color
  • Value
    • Light and Darkness of a picture
  • Texture
  • Space
  • Rhythm
slide11

Value of colors

Light

Dark

Texture

slide12

Geometric shapes

Organic shapes

Lines

more resources
More Resources
  • Websites
    • http://www.chile.it/ (in Spainish, but can be translated using Google’s Translation Bar. Website has many photos
  • Video on Pachamama
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6E-mi1ImiZg (shows images to music)
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5iKj170Np0 (shows images of Chile to music. A good background inspiration)
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpjsBPc6UIY (A prayer to Pachamama)
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGBq0PWyvOw (Shows ceremony of giving wine)
fulbright hays
Fulbright-Hays
  • Created by Sara J. Anderson, 2009. Fulbright Hays-Chile Program Abroad.
  • With thanks to the Geography Alliance of Iowa
    • Dr. Kay Weller
    • Dr. Alex (S-H) Oberle
    • And the other participating teachers from around Iowa and Minnesota
  • The contents of this PowerPoint were developed under a grant from the Fulbright Hays projects “GPA”, U.S Education. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.