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MANUAL HANDLING. Course Content. Introduction Statistics Law Anatomy & Injuries Biomechanics Principles of Safe Handling. What is Manual Handling?.

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MANUAL HANDLING

Joe McNicholas

course content
Course Content
  • Introduction
  • Statistics
  • Law
  • Anatomy & Injuries
  • Biomechanics
  • Principles of Safe Handling

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what is manual handling
What is Manual Handling?

“Any transporting or supporting of a load (including the lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or bodily force.”

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anybody hurt
Anybody hurt?

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accident statistics
Accident Statistics

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2 systems of law
2 Systems of Law

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anatomy injuries
Anatomy & Injuries
  • Spine - 3 main functions.
    • To protect the spinal cord
    • To allow movement.
    • To support the upper body.

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anatomy injuries8
Anatomy & Injuries.

Disc

Vertebrae

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anatomy injuries9
Anatomy & Injuries.
  • Ligaments
  • Muscles & tendons
  • Nerves

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types of injury
Types of Injury.
  • Cumulative
  • Sudden

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injury causation process
Injury Causation Process.

Restricted movement & muscle spasm

Soft tissue shorten

Injury

Pain & inflammation

Soft tissue overload

Excessive loads

Repetitive tasks

Awkward postures

Static postures

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anatomy injuries12
Anatomy & Injuries.

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causes of injury
Causes of Injury.

Excessive weights

  • Static Muscle work.
  • Repetition of tasks.
  • Degeneration of discs.
  • Ballistic movements.
  • Individual concerns.
  • Duration of task.

Awkward postures

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biomechanics centre of gravity
Biomechanics.Centre of Gravity.
  • Centre of gravity
  • Line of gravity

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biomechanics levers
Biomechanics.Levers.

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biomechanics base of support
Biomechanics.Base of Support.

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biomechanics
Biomechanics.
  • Asymmetry
      • Lopsided
  • Ballistic movements
      • Speed
  • Force and resistance to movement
      • Shopping trolley
  • Human movement
      • Normal is not always safe
  • End range joint movement
      • Squatting
  • Static muscle work
      • Holding a pint glass

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principles of safe handling
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • If Manual Handling Operations cannot be avoided then apply the principles of safe handling:
    • Assess
    • Plan
    • Prepare
    • Perform

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principles of safe handling19
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Assess:
    • Task
      • Posture
      • Frequency
      • Duration
      • Intensity
      • Pacing
      • Team Handling
      • Rewards
  • Assess:
    • Load
      • Weight
      • Shape
      • Size
      • Handles
      • Packaging
      • Stability
      • Contents

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principles of safe handling20
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Assess:
    • Environment
      • Space constraints
      • Floor condition and levels
      • Temperature
      • Humidity
      • Ventilation
      • Lighting
      • Noise
      • Housekeeping
  • Assess:
    • Individual
      • Strength
      • Height
      • Pregnancy
      • Health
      • Training
      • Experience
      • Gender
      • Age

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principles of safe handling21
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Plan:
    • Task
      • Consider the most appropriate postures.
      • Is there mechanical equipment available?
      • Is there anybody that can help?
      • Is PPE being worn correctly?
  • Plan:
    • Route.
      • Consider start and end points.
      • Are there doors or steps on the route?
      • Any obstructions to be cleared?
      • Are there vehicles or other persons to be aware of?

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principles of safe handling22
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Prepare:
    • Load
      • Can the load be split?
      • Make the load stable.
      • Pack shifting contents tightly.
      • Evenly distribute contents.
      • Keep the centre of gravity of the load close to you.
      • Cover sharp abrasive edges.
  • Prepare:
    • Yourself.
      • Get a good grip of the load.
      • Use PPE when necessary.
  • Prepare:
    • Area
      • Clear area of obstacles.
      • Warn people.
      • Check destination.
      • Ensure good lighting.
      • Check housekeeping.

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principles of safe handling23
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Perform:
    • Apply principles of biomechanics to reduce the loading on the spine
      • Keep a wide base of support.
      • Maintain the lumbar curve (low back) as much as possible.
      • Brace yourself
      • Get a good grip.
      • Position feet in direction of travel.
      • Use smooth controlled movements.
      • Use friction to minimise force.
      • Try to avoid twisting and stooping.
      • Use team lifting where appropriate.

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conclusions
Conclusions.

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