ILC Gulyakandoz. A little History
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A little History
Once upon a time there were two cousins-two smart guys, who decided to do something great and unusual fortheir village. They filled the Application of participating in RI-SOL’s project and it was accepted. And the 18th of December,2003 becamethe birthday of our ILC.
From that day the life of our village has changed greatly.Everybody wanted to have e-mail, make new friends and get information.
We are of different ages, but we’ve got much in common & we spend a lot of time together. All of us are fond of English & computers. We think our future professions will be connected with computers & languages. We’re capable of working with them & we also possess the qualities, needed for this work. They’re accuracy, energy & carefulness. It’s so wonderful to be a member of such a team as ours. We like to work together & are shaping up into a strong team. We think our friendship makes us feel confident of ourselves, develops the ability to consider other people’s feelings & opinions. Besides cooperation helps to develop the ability of quick thinking, getting, analyzing & distributing information, & being sociable. We are proud of our motto “ASK FOR MORE”, we want to get from life as much as possible. We try to take part in all RI-SOL’s projects, seminars and trainings. Wethink we became more sociable, gregarious and jocular. We are proud that we have a great chance to keep in touch with American teachers and students.
We are shaping into a strong team.
The school education is compulsory. Schooling consists of 2 two schools-primary and middle. After the 9th grade some pupils go to professional or vocational schools where they study not only main subjects but are able to learn some profession and to become skilled specialists.
The school begins at the age of 7. Many of children leave school at the age of 17. The school year begins on the 1st of September and ends on the 25th of May. The classes begin at 8 o’clock. A lesson lasts 45 minutes, after the 3rd lesson there is a break for lunch. In the schools with a large number of pupils there two shifts, the 2nd shift usually begins after 12.00. On the 1st of September pupils have their “First Bell Meeting”. A lot of parents, guests and ex-pupils are invited to this meeting. School-leavers and first class pupils exchange presents and flowers. Pupils congratulate their “first teacher”. There are 4 terms in the school year, at the end of each term pupils get their “term marks”. After the 4th term they have to pass some exams. They have short vacations in autumn, winter and spring and a three-month vacation in summer.
The classes are formal, pupils sit in rows and follow a regular time-table. Pupils should not do anything without the teacher’s permission. You should rise your hand if you want to answer or ask for the permission to do something. Every class has a form teacher. There are a lot of out-of-door activities , clubs and optional courses at school.
Children spend 4 years in the primary school. They have classes 5 days a week, classes are over at 11.00-12.00. After the 3rd lesson they have a big break for lunch. Their subjects are Russian, English, Tajik, Maths, Nature Study, Art, Music, Reading, P.T and Labour Trainings. Pupils learn to read, write, count, draw pictures. They learn how to get on with other children. After the 4th grade primary pupils have their first passing exams.
Children study in the middle school till the 11th grade. They have 6-7 classes 6 days a week. There are so many subjects in their schedule: Foreign Languages, Algebra, Geometry, Chemistry, Physics, Computer, Law, History, Social Science, P.T.and Labour Activities etc. After the 11th they pass state exams.
They say our town is more than 1000 years old. It was situated on the Great Silk Way – from Khujant to Samarkand. Many years ago there was only one small citadel “Gulyakandoz”which means “throwing handmade balls”. Theballs were made ofthe mixture of argil and horse wool. Those balls were as tough and stout as stones. There were two types of them: to kill or scare animals and birds and to repulse from the enemies attacks. The population lived in the citadel, but their fields were out of it. In daytime they worked out of the citadeland late in the evening they hide in it. The people of Gulyakandoz were hardworking and skilled. They grew cotton, wheat, millet, various sorts of fruit and vegetables. Our ancestors were great craftsmen. They produced almost everything for their life stocking. All over the around territory there were guard towers. In the case of attacks the tower guard should burn a fire, which was seen for a far distance and the citadelian had enough time to get ready for the attack.
Nowadays Gulyakandoz is a developed village. Nobody call it village. The streets are long, wide and green. Gulyakandoz is an agricultural, industrial and educational centre. There are 8 schools, 4 kindergartens , a summer children’s camp and a Local Museum. There are a lot of plants and works there: cotton factory, carpet works, bakeries, wood works, butter factory, cattle farm, Car Service stations etc. There are a lot places of entertainment – chojkhona (tea houses), restaurants, Culture house, Sport Palace and a stadium etc. 90% fo the population are Uzbeks and Tajiks, so the main religion is Islam. There are more than 6 small mosques and one central mosque.
The people of Gulyakandoz as all Tajikistaners are hospitable. The youth is initiative and creative, full of desire to create relationship and connectionship with other countries and states.
- Kandakorii bardjastai mukarnasi – bas relief carving; - Kandakorii hamvor - straight, smooth; - Chukur - deep; - Dutarafa – grid; - Ruybast – closed.
The best monuments of national art are mosques in the villages Upper Dalyen, Darh (Upper Zarafshan), the Savriston mosque, and the mazar of Mavlono ishan (near Ura-Tyube), and many houses of Hudjand and Isfara, Culture palace of collective society in Uranhadjaev in Hudjand region (1935); the Kamol Hudjandi theater of musical comedy in Hudjand (1958); (The masters usto Gafur Mansurov, usto Garur Saliev, Ahunjan Yakubov, who designed the above buildings, were awarded a State Rudaki prize.), Chaikhana “Orom” in Isfar (1972, painting of U. Mukaddasova); Chaikhana Farogat in Dushanbe (1976, painting of U. Mukaddasov, Ya. Begimov, I. Abdurakhmanov), Chaikhana Panchshambe in Hujand (paintings of G. Mansurov, A. Akhrorov and others).
A special attention should be given to our national clothes. Nowadays our people wear national clothes for specific occasions: weddings, funerals, religious meetings etc. The dressmakers and skull designers are famous for their golden and bead embroidery. As a rule new married couples wear such clothes.
Though Carpet-making (kolibofi) is not a widespread craft in Tajikistanour carpets were and are famous all over the world. The quality of Kairokkum carpets is well known all over the world..ILC Gulyakandoz Crafts
The nature of the country is famous for its diversity, sharp contrasts and existence of unique landscapes. Here, the sub-tropical heat of intra-mountainous valleys is neighboring with the arctic cold of the highlands. Mountains of Tajikistan impress by their greatness, severity and variety of shapes. They stretch along as far as hundreds of kilometers, mostly preserving the latitude dimension. The mountainous character of the terrain and location of Tajikistan on the brink of moderate and sub-tropical zones, create a wide diversity of local climatic conditions. This conditional diversity impacts the exceptional exuberance of the country flora of hot lowlands as well as cold mountainous peaks. The flora of Tajikistan is unusually rich; only flowering plants have over five thousand species which explains the exceptional diversity of vegetation. We have warm-loving broad-leaved arboreal and frutescent species (wall nut, maple turcomanica, chenar, exsochorda, hedge roses, ergay (amelanchier) etc), warm-loving hygrophilic trees (hetero-leaved poplar, aelagnus), cold-proof trees and shrubs (birch-tree, poplar, willow, buckthorn, types of low trees and shrubs (pistashio, almonds Bukharian, chilon, red algra, pomegranate etc) and a lot of others.
Due to the unique landscapes of Tajikistan there is a various animal life. the above-ground backboned are represented by two species of amphibia, 49 species of reptiles (lizards, snakes, tortoises etc), 365 species of birds (horned lark, buzzard, prairie windhover, black-belly sand grouse, bustard, thick-knee etc), 81 species of mammals (djeiran, moufflon, carpa falconer, Bukharian deer shrews, hedgehogs, beaver-rat nisokia, porcupine, harejr etc), and 647 species of insects. In the rivers, lakes and reservoirs there is catfish, carp, trout, marinka, red-eye, Turkestanian and Arabian goat-chafer, Bukharian roach, Syrdarian alburnoides, Turkestanian minnow, pike-like aspiolucius, an occasional cobitis and other fish. Many desert inhabitants can get along without water or can abstain from visiting stamping grounds for a long time. Others are able to travel long distances in search of food and water. The animals of the mountains are the most interesting ones, we have Siberian goat, its first-hand companion – snow leopard, weasel, wolf, fox, Siberian capricorn and argali. The Pamirs is home for squelcher tibetana and syrrhaptes. Indian geese, red ducks, brown seagull and tarrok tibetana come here for nodification. Gnaws are represented by campagnol Pamirica and silver campagnol, pika, grey hamster and the Pamiri kind of hare. The many reservoirs of the Pamirs are quite original (Karakul, Zorkul, Yashikul, Rangkul). They are places of nodification of many rare birds.
Reliable protection can prevent disappearance of these valuable gamy and ecologically interesting animals in our republic.
On northern and central Tajikistanand
is rather more often
On mountain hrebtlocated in
It mountain - Badahshan
Areas, including on Pamir. Authentic
data about modern
Number of leopards in Tajikistan is not present.
Their probable quantity(amount) not
Exceeds 250-350 individuals. Length of a body of 130 sm, a tail – 90.