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ILC Gulyakandoz. A little History

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ILC Gulyakandoz

A little History

Once upon a time there were two cousins-two smart guys, who decided to do something great and unusual fortheir village. They filled the Application of participating in RI-SOL’s project and it was accepted. And the 18th of December,2003 becamethe birthday of our ILC.

From that day the life of our village has changed greatly.Everybody wanted to have e-mail, make new friends and get information.

Our Team

We are of different ages, but we’ve got much in common & we spend a lot of time together. All of us are fond of English & computers. We think our future professions will be connected with computers & languages. We’re capable of working with them & we also possess the qualities, needed for this work. They’re accuracy, energy & carefulness. It’s so wonderful to be a member of such a team as ours. We like to work together & are shaping up into a strong team. We think our friendship makes us feel confident of ourselves, develops the ability to consider other people’s feelings & opinions. Besides cooperation helps to develop the ability of quick thinking, getting, analyzing & distributing information, & being sociable. We are proud of our motto “ASK FOR MORE”, we want to get from life as much as possible. We try to take part in all RI-SOL’s projects, seminars and trainings. Wethink we became more sociable, gregarious and jocular. We are proud that we have a great chance to keep in touch with American teachers and students.

We are shaping into a strong team.

ilc gulyakandoz tajikistan schools
ILC GulyakandozTajikistan schools

The school education is compulsory. Schooling consists of 2 two schools-primary and middle. After the 9th grade some pupils go to professional or vocational schools where they study not only main subjects but are able to learn some profession and to become skilled specialists.

The school begins at the age of 7. Many of children leave school at the age of 17. The school year begins on the 1st of September and ends on the 25th of May. The classes begin at 8 o’clock. A lesson lasts 45 minutes, after the 3rd lesson there is a break for lunch. In the schools with a large number of pupils there two shifts, the 2nd shift usually begins after 12.00. On the 1st of September pupils have their “First Bell Meeting”. A lot of parents, guests and ex-pupils are invited to this meeting. School-leavers and first class pupils exchange presents and flowers. Pupils congratulate their “first teacher”. There are 4 terms in the school year, at the end of each term pupils get their “term marks”. After the 4th term they have to pass some exams. They have short vacations in autumn, winter and spring and a three-month vacation in summer.

The classes are formal, pupils sit in rows and follow a regular time-table. Pupils should not do anything without the teacher’s permission. You should rise your hand if you want to answer or ask for the permission to do something. Every class has a form teacher. There are a lot of out-of-door activities , clubs and optional courses at school.

Children spend 4 years in the primary school. They have classes 5 days a week, classes are over at 11.00-12.00. After the 3rd lesson they have a big break for lunch. Their subjects are Russian, English, Tajik, Maths, Nature Study, Art, Music, Reading, P.T and Labour Trainings. Pupils learn to read, write, count, draw pictures. They learn how to get on with other children. After the 4th grade primary pupils have their first passing exams.

Children study in the middle school till the 11th grade. They have 6-7 classes 6 days a week. There are so many subjects in their schedule: Foreign Languages, Algebra, Geometry, Chemistry, Physics, Computer, Law, History, Social Science, P.T.and Labour Activities etc. After the 11th they pass state exams.


ILC GulyakandozOur Town

They say our town is more than 1000 years old. It was situated on the Great Silk Way – from Khujant to Samarkand. Many years ago there was only one small citadel “Gulyakandoz”which means “throwing handmade balls”. Theballs were made ofthe mixture of argil and horse wool. Those balls were as tough and stout as stones. There were two types of them: to kill or scare animals and birds and to repulse from the enemies attacks. The population lived in the citadel, but their fields were out of it. In daytime they worked out of the citadeland late in the evening they hide in it. The people of Gulyakandoz were hardworking and skilled. They grew cotton, wheat, millet, various sorts of fruit and vegetables. Our ancestors were great craftsmen. They produced almost everything for their life stocking. All over the around territory there were guard towers. In the case of attacks the tower guard should burn a fire, which was seen for a far distance and the citadelian had enough time to get ready for the attack.

Nowadays Gulyakandoz is a developed village. Nobody call it village. The streets are long, wide and green. Gulyakandoz is an agricultural, industrial and educational centre. There are 8 schools, 4 kindergartens , a summer children’s camp and a Local Museum. There are a lot of plants and works there: cotton factory, carpet works, bakeries, wood works, butter factory, cattle farm, Car Service stations etc. There are a lot places of entertainment – chojkhona (tea houses), restaurants, Culture house, Sport Palace and a stadium etc. 90% fo the population are Uzbeks and Tajiks, so the main religion is Islam. There are more than 6 small mosques and one central mosque.

The people of Gulyakandoz as all Tajikistaners are hospitable. The youth is initiative and creative, full of desire to create relationship and connectionship with other countries and states.

The Shahrinav district is located on Gisarto a valley. From the south on mountains Babatag, from the east borders on district Gisar, from the north the border of area passes on mountains of Hissar mountains, from the West borders on city Tursunzade.
  • The administrative centre of district is located in settlement Shahrinav which is in 43. kms from city Dushanbe.
  • . In Shahrinav district 125 dehkanfacilities economy), 30 state enterprises and 280 small and large enterprises.The large enterprises Champagne a factory, a wine factory, a garment factory, brick-works, an integrated poultry farm and flour-grinding combine. The fine enterprises basically dairy, etc. Shahrinavit is well-known among other areas for the qualitative clap cotton) Shahrinavannually hands over 7000т a clap cotton).

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meet our town
Meet Our Town.
  • Our district has many many good places.
  • Vose was a people's hero, that’s why our district's name is Vose.
  • The historical places of Vose are: 1st of all Monuments of Vose 2nd Hulbuk museum 3rd Khojamumin mountain.
ilc gulyakandoz crafts
One can speak about Tajik craftsman all day long. Our ancestors were great craftsmen, their creatings are still considered the craft masterpieces. These masterpieces belong to the epochs of Akheminids, Sasanids, Kushans and Samanids. The works of folk craftsmen were displayed at many international exhibitions and gained wide recognition. Today, national craftsmen of Tajikistan continue to follow the traditions of their ancestors. Among the most famous craft are Zargari (jewellery art), Misgari(copper items art), Kordgari-korusozi (the art of making knives), Ceramics (Architectural ceramics, Dish ceramics, Toy ceramics) Carving in Tajikistan is represented by several styles:

- Kandakorii bardjastai mukarnasi – bas relief carving; - Kandakorii hamvor - straight, smooth; - Chukur - deep; - Dutarafa – grid; - Ruybast – closed.

The best monuments of national art are mosques in the villages Upper Dalyen, Darh (Upper Zarafshan), the Savriston mosque, and the mazar of Mavlono ishan (near Ura-Tyube), and many houses of Hudjand and Isfara, Culture palace of collective society in Uranhadjaev in Hudjand region (1935); the Kamol Hudjandi theater of musical comedy in Hudjand (1958); (The masters usto Gafur Mansurov, usto Garur Saliev, Ahunjan Yakubov, who designed the above buildings, were awarded a State Rudaki prize.), Chaikhana “Orom” in Isfar (1972, painting of U. Mukaddasova); Chaikhana Farogat in Dushanbe (1976, painting of  U. Mukaddasov, Ya. Begimov, I. Abdurakhmanov), Chaikhana Panchshambe in Hujand (paintings of G. Mansurov, A. Akhrorov and others).

A special attention should be given to our national clothes. Nowadays our people wear national clothes for specific occasions: weddings, funerals, religious meetings etc. The dressmakers and skull designers are famous for their golden and bead embroidery. As a rule new married couples wear such clothes.

Though Carpet-making (kolibofi) is not a widespread craft in Tajikistanour carpets were and are famous all over the world. The quality of Kairokkum carpets is well known all over the world..

ILC Gulyakandoz Crafts
  • The Tajik culture in many respects reminds culture of other Muslim peoples of Central Asia. But nevertheless, the rich historical past of the Tajik ground should leave on it(her) an original print.
  • In many respects because of it at the Tajik living in various geographical conditions, various crafts developed. At flat Tajik have been long since advanced - manufacturing of silk and cloth fabrics, jewelers and potter's art, and also one of the most ancient crafts - a decorative groove. From mountain Tajik the great value was received with manufacturing woolen fabrics, knitting and an embroidery. We shall tell more in detail about one of them.
  • The decorative groove is not only one of the most ancient, but also one of the most widespread crafts of Tajikistan. Distinguish woodcarving, to a stone and Ganchu (alabaster).
  • Art of woodcarving was applied to an ornament of subjects of use (little tables, utensils, etc.), doors, columns, and beams in houses, mosques, медресе and palaces. Some carvers prefer a vegetative pattern before geometrical. The groove as four on a red - black list is inherent in subjects of domestic utensils fine. For architecture it is characteristic ornament a lotus, a tulip both other colors and plants.
  • The groove on a stone and ganchu (alabaster) also takes an important place in architectural creativity of Tajik. Earlier in a similar groove images of people and animals were widely used. With distribution of the Islam, they gradually disappear from creativity and their place borrows (occupies) conditionally. In patterns there is a plenty of the Arabian inscriptions. Especially it is shown in a groove on ganchu which was widely applied to furnish of an internal part of a premise (room).
  • Besides mosques and medrese, the groove on a stone was used for registration of gravestones and the mausoleums. All elements of a groove now can be met in architecture of modern houses, both in cities, and in countryside.

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about craftsman
About Craftsman
  • 1;Smith 2;Jewell 3; Cut in wood etc.
  • But we will say about jeweler.
  • Hakimov Shohkurbon is working in jeweler since 13 years. More than 40 people are working with him. He learned this profession from his grandfather. He said that in future they will work with foreign jewelry companies.
ilc gulyakandoz flora and fauna
ILC Gulyakandoz Flora and Fauna

The nature of the country is famous for its diversity, sharp contrasts and existence of unique landscapes. Here, the sub-tropical heat of intra-mountainous valleys is neighboring with the arctic cold of the highlands. Mountains of Tajikistan impress by their greatness, severity and variety of shapes. They stretch along as far as hundreds of kilometers, mostly preserving the latitude dimension. The mountainous character of the terrain and location of Tajikistan on the brink of moderate and sub-tropical zones, create a wide diversity of local climatic conditions. This conditional diversity impacts the exceptional exuberance of the country flora of hot lowlands as well as cold mountainous peaks. The flora of Tajikistan is unusually rich; only flowering plants have over five thousand species which explains the exceptional diversity of vegetation. We have warm-loving broad-leaved arboreal and frutescent species (wall nut, maple turcomanica, chenar, exsochorda, hedge roses, ergay (amelanchier) etc), warm-loving hygrophilic trees (hetero-leaved poplar, aelagnus), cold-proof trees and shrubs (birch-tree, poplar, willow, buckthorn, types of low trees and shrubs (pistashio, almonds Bukharian, chilon, red algra, pomegranate etc) and a lot of others.

Due to the unique landscapes of Tajikistan there is a various animal life. the above-ground backboned are represented by two  species of amphibia, 49 species of reptiles (lizards, snakes, tortoises etc), 365 species of birds (horned lark, buzzard, prairie windhover, black-belly sand grouse, bustard, thick-knee etc), 81 species of mammals (djeiran, moufflon, carpa falconer, Bukharian deer shrews, hedgehogs, beaver-rat nisokia, porcupine, harejr etc), and 647  species of insects. In the rivers, lakes and reservoirs there is catfish, carp, trout, marinka, red-eye,  Turkestanian and Arabian goat-chafer, Bukharian roach, Syrdarian alburnoides, Turkestanian  minnow, pike-like aspiolucius, an occasional cobitis and other fish. Many desert inhabitants can get  along without water or can abstain from visiting stamping grounds for a long time. Others are  able to travel long distances in search of food and water. The animals of the mountains are the most interesting ones, we have Siberian goat, its first-hand companion – snow leopard, weasel, wolf, fox, Siberian capricorn and argali. The Pamirs is home for squelcher tibetana and syrrhaptes. Indian geese, red ducks, brown seagull and tarrok tibetana come here for nodification. Gnaws are represented by campagnol Pamirica and silver campagnol, pika, grey hamster and the Pamiri kind of hare. The many reservoirs of the Pamirs are quite original (Karakul, Zorkul, Yashikul, Rangkul). They are places of nodification of many rare birds.

Reliable protection can prevent  disappearance of these valuable gamy and ecologically interesting animals in our republic. 

rare kinds of plants of tajikistan
Rare kinds of plants of Tajikistan
  • In Tajikistan it is not enough woods, but they are rich on structure (over 150 kinds of trees and bushes), meet in all high-altitude belts(zones). Even 3000 m, for example on Gisar and Tukestani hrebt are higher, it is possible to meet creeping , Gisar a dogrose , and Kashgar the barberry on Pamir is marked even at height up to 4000 m.
  • Within the limits of Tajikistan the following most typical types of vegetation and zone groups of formations differ. Woods. - Thermophilic wood and breeds (a walnut, a Tukestani maple, plane trees, dogroses and others), characteristic for the Central Tadjikistan.
  • 1. Archev. - Plantings(Spreadings) evergreen coniferous from a sort of a juniper which are three types: the Juniper Zerafshan - thermophilic аrchev. Meets in Northern and the Central Tajikistan (the Tukestani ridge). A juniper Turkestani, growing in Northern Tajikistan. These both types concern to tall-trunked trees.. 2. Shibl. - the Light forest from undersized trees and bushes (a pistachio, Bukhara almonds, chilon, багр, a pomegranate and others). Meet more often in Southern, Southeast and the Central Tajikistan, less often in Northern and East Badahshan (Pamir). 3. Steppes. - Long-term grassy . Dominate cereals . Especially characteristic polin, an adonis. Meet everywhere on northern slopes hrebet and it is especial in East Tadjikistan. 4. Senisavannas. - Long-term and annual grasses ( bulbous, fires, barley bulbous, a wheat grass Volosonos, yugan, Ferula, leguminous and others). Senisavannas are distributed in the Central and Southern Tadjikistan. 5. Luga. - Grassy long-term mezofit(a hedgehog combined team, a fire and others). Meet in a subalpine belt(zone).

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rare kinds of animals of tajikistan
Rare kinds of animals of Tajikistan

Snow leopard

  • Much less often meets

On northern and central Tajikistanand

is rather more often

On mountain hrebtlocated in

It mountain - Badahshan

Areas, including on Pamir. Authentic

data about modern

Number of leopards in Tajikistan is not present.

Their probable quantity(amount) not

Exceeds 250-350 individuals. Length of a body of 130 sm, a tail – 90.

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the rare animal s in tajikistan
The rare Animal’s In Tajikistan
  • In Tajikistan there are many rare animals for example Wolf, Camel, Leopard, Fox and Bear etc.
  • But in our district there are no rare animal’s, we mean in Vose district.