culture and ethnicity l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Culture and Ethnicity PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Culture and Ethnicity

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Culture and Ethnicity - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Culture and Ethnicity. Concepts of Culture and Ethnicity. Culture – a set of values, beliefs & traditions that are held by a specific social group and handed down from generation to generation

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Culture and Ethnicity

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
concepts of culture and ethnicity
Concepts of Culture and Ethnicity
  • Culture – a set of values, beliefs & traditions that are held by a specific social group and handed down from generation to generation
  • Subculture – made up of people with a distinct identity, but who have certain ethnic, occupational or physical characteristics that are found in the larger culture
  • Dominant group – the group within the culture that has the authority to control the value system.
  • Minority group – usually has some physical or cultural characteristic that identifies the people within it as different
  • The sense of identification that a cultural group collectively has, largely based on the group’s common heritage.
  • Race – Subculture of people characterized by specific characteristics.
  • Culture Assimilation
    • AKA Cultural acculturation
    • When minority groups living within the dominant group loose the cultural characteristics that make them different.
    • Stereotyping – involves assigning characteristics to a group of people without considering specific individuality.
  • Cultural Imposition – the belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system.
  • Cultural conflict – when one ridicules others beliefs and traditions in an effort to make his or her own values more secure
cultural and ethnic influences on health care
Cultural and Ethnic Influences on Health Care
  • Gender Roles – It is important to know who is the dominant figure in a family
  • Language and Communication – Some clients may not be able to speak the English Language
  • Orientation to Space and time – personal space
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Socioeconomic
  • The culture of poverty- the highest risk families are headed by one income single females, fixed income elderly and future generations of those living in poverty
  • Feelings of despair, resignation & fatalism
  • Day to day attitude toward life with no hope for the future
  • Unemployment and need for financial or government aid
  • Use of escape values such as alcohol and drugs
  • Unstable family structure with abusiveness and abandonment
  • Decline in self respect and retreat from community
effects of poverty on health care
Effects of Poverty on Health Care
  • Lack of affordable and adequate housing
  • Crowded living conditions
  • The sick usually experience more complication
  • Recovery time is longer
  • Less likely to regain their preillness level of functioning
  • Lack of access to health care insurance
family support
Family Support
  • Some cultures have large extended families and are unable to share private information with anyone outside the family.
  • Some cultures have great respect for elderly and will not consider institutional care
physical and mental health
Physical and Mental Health
  • Physiologic Characteristics
    • Keloid formation – overgrowth of connective tissue that occurs during healing process of injury, surgery—African heritage
    • Lactose intolerance 0 lack of lactase to break down lactose during digestion - Hispanic, African, Chinese, Thai.
    • Sickle Cell Anemia – sickle shaped red blood cells. Most common in African or Mediterranean ethnic background.

Tay Sacks Disease – a gene for a hereditary disorder – have very short life span – Eastern European, Jewish descent.

G6PD deficiency – enzyme deficiency. Red blood cells have no cell membrane they are easily destroyed , which leads to anemia and increased billirubin levels. - 10% of African American population

Thalassemia – genetic disorder effecting the Hgb in RBC function. Mediterranean, Asian, and African origin.

Sarcoidosis – formation of multiple tubercles or nodules on various parts of the body - African American population.

Gout – An increase of uric acid in the blood -males especially from Puerto Rican or Filipino descent.

psychological characteristics
Psychological Characteristics
  • In most situations an individual will relate the behavior of another person to the individual’s own familiar culture.
  • It is important to remember that what may seem perfectly reasonable & important to a client may seem ridiculous and irrelevant to a nurse. The reverse perception may also exist.
culture shock
Culture Shock
  • Feelings an individual experiences when placed in a different and often strange culture and may result in psychological discomfort or disturbances.
cultural imposition and ethnocentrism
Cultural Imposition and Ethnocentrism
  • Cultural Imposition. – the tendency for health personnel to impose their beliefs practices and values of other cultures, because they believe that their ideas are superior.
  • Ethnocentrism – the belief that one’s own ideas, beliefs and practices are the best and superior.
providing transcultural care
Providing Transcultural Care
  • Major Theme – Focus on caring practices of various cultures
  • Nursing Role – Understand the client’s needs and to adapt care to meet those needs.
cultural assessment
Cultural Assessment
  • Identify factors that effect behavior by cultural assessment
    • Values, religion, dietary practices, family lines of authority, family life patterns and beliefs and practices related to health and illness
    • See guidelines on pp 47-52
    • See table 3-1 on page 46-50
reaction to pain
Reaction to Pain
  • Reactions are culturally prescribed

……….. Let’s discuss

different health practices
Different Health Practices

Folk Healers

less expensive, more accessible and more understanding of cultural needs . Speak the client’s language

Traditional Folk Medicine


transcultural nursing
Transcultural Nursing
  • Nursing care planned and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of individuals, families, and groups representing diverse cultural populations.
  • The culture of health care: Assess:
    • the cultural background
    • expectations and beliefs about healthcare
    • Cultural context of the encounter
    • Degree of agreement between the 2 persons set of beliefs and values