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Bilim - Sanat İlişkisi ve Genom Sanatı. Tayfun Ö Z Ç ELİK Bilkent Ü niversitesi Molek ü ler Biyoloji ve Genetik B ö l ü m ü tozcelik@fen.bilkent.edu.tr. Bilim – Sanat Bilim tarihinin bazı önemli bulu şları Bilimin sanata etkisi Sanatın bilime etkisi Genetik ve sanat. M .Ö.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Bilim - Sanat İlişkisi

ve

Genom Sanatı

Tayfun ÖZÇELİK

Bilkent Üniversitesi

Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik Bölümü

tozcelik@fen.bilkent.edu.tr

slide2

Bilim – Sanat

Bilim tarihinin bazı önemli buluşları

Bilimin sanata etkisi

Sanatın bilime etkisi

Genetik ve sanat

slide3

M.Ö.

15,000 – Son buzul çağının bitişi

8,000 – Çanak-çömleğin keşfi

3,500 – Tekerleğin keşfi

3,000 – Giza piramidi ve Stonehenge’in inşaası

1,800 – Babillilerin çarpım tabletlerini bulması

1,200 – Demirin işlenmesi

265 – Arşimed’in kanunları

slide4

M.S.

400 – Kimya terimi ilk kez kullanılması (İskenderiye)

1310 – İlk mekanik saat (Avrupa)

1365 – Savaşlarda topçluğun başlaması (Çin)

1400 – Guttenberg ve matbaa

1452 – Leonardo da Vinci “Rönesans”

1473 – Nicolaus Copenicus “Güneş sisteminin merkezi Dünya değil”

1492 – Columbus “Amerika kıtasının keşfi”

1498 – Vasco de Gama “Ümit burnu ve Hindistan’a yolculuk”

1519 – Macellan “Dünyanın çevresinin dolaşılması”

1564 – Galileo Galilei “ilk bilim insanı”

1627 – Robert Boyle “kimya kanunları”

slide5

1642 – Sir Isaac Newton “fizik ve cebir kuramları”

1791 – Michael Faraday “manyetik alan kavramının doğuşu”

1809 – Darwin ve evrim teorisi

1834 – Dimitri Mendelyev “periodik tablo”

1845 – Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen “X-ışınlarının keşfi”

1852 – Beckerel ve radyoaktivitenin keşfi

1858 – Max Ernst Karl Ludwig Planck “kuantum teorisi”

1871 – Ernest Rutherford “atom çekirdeği”

slide8

Genetik biliminin doğuşu

1866

DNA yapısının çözülmesi

1950’ler

slide9

Genom projesi

1989

Genom projesi tamamlandı

2000

slide10

Genom Projeleri

-İnsan Genom Projesi (1990-2003)

-Model Organizma Genom Projeleri (1990 - )

-HapMap Projesi (2002 - 2006)

-Kanser Genom Anatomisi Projesi (2006 - )

slide11

1 Haziran 2007: CNN, BBC, New York Times, Le Monde, Corriere della Sera, Hürriyet ve diğerleri…

DNA molekülünün yapısını bulan, İnsan Genom Projesi’nin babası, Nobel

Ödüllü bilim insanı James Watson, tarihte tüm genomu incelenen ilk insan

olarak kişisel genom dizisini içeren verileri almıştır.

slide12

2006 Nobel Ödülleri

Orhan Pamuk

Andrew Z. Fire Craig C. Mello

"for their discovery of RNA interference -

gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"

"who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his

native city has discovered new symbols for the

clash and interlacing of cultures"

slide13

Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Lilliopsida

Order: Liliales

Family: Liliaceae

Genus:Tulipa

Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Solanales

Family: Solanaceae

Genus: Petunia

slide17

Anatomik kesinlik ve rönesans

Leonardo da Vinci Andreas Vesalius

slide18

Atom ve soyut sanat

Kandinsky

Mondrian

slide22

1957-08-Butterfly-Landscape-

The-Great-Masturbator-in-a-Surrealist-Landscape

slide25

Nuh’un kodu

Tony Cragg (1988)

Bir ikon olarak DNA

Zoosemiotik

Suzanne Anker (1988)

slide26

Bir indeks olarak DNA

Designer gene - Dennis Ashbaugh (1992)

slide27

Bir sembol olarak DNA

John Sulston’un genetik portresi – Marc Quinn (1999)

DNA şifresi – Kevin Clarke (1993)

slide29

Art and science

Sir – In the art and science discussion1 it is suggested that art's

influence on science is thinner than the other way around.

Although the yardstick with which we measure such influences is

imperfect, the influence of art is not so thin in neurological science,

the study of the mind in the brain.

The mind is expressed in fine art works by artists whose studios are natural laboratories for neurological science.

Here are some examples: (i) The ability of artists to paint masterfully even after cortical damage has shown that talent is diffusely represented

in the brain, unlike speech, language comprehension or memory, which have focal brain representations2. (ii) Magritte's The Rape has led to insights about how faces are perceived in the two brain hemispheres in split-brain

patients3. (iii) The selective emphasis on the left half of women's faces in portraits by Rembrandt, and by many other portrait

painters over several centuries, has led to numerous psychological experiments, including discovering facial asymmetry

in the manifestation of beauty in women's faces and speculating about adaptive coevolution between face and brain4.

Because artistic productions reflect the mind in the brain, art holds many insights for behavioural brain researchers.

slide32

Roger W. Sperry

"for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres"