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This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, hold down the control key and click the mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab

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An ISP perspective on IPv6 Deployment


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    1. This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation • In Slide Show, hold down the control key and click the mouse button • Select “Meeting Minder” • Select the “Action Items” tab • Type in action items as they come up • Click OK to dismiss this box • This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. An ISP perspective on IPv6 Deployment Simon Hackett Internode

    2. My oldest ‘Thing to do’ • I have wanted to deploy IPv6 for a long time • We’ll talk about the barriers to that, for an ISP • But first…

    3. Customer opinion • What do our customers think about: • The need to transition to IPv6 to avoid IP address exhaustion? • The importance of the restoration of a true end to end IP Internet without NAT gateways? • The importance of IPv6 in their lives?

    4. Status of IPv6 "With the protocol mostly nailed down, the doors are open for rapid implementation and deployment by vendors"

    5. Status of IPv6 "With the protocol mostly nailed down, the doors are open for rapid implementation and deployment by vendors" Simon Hackett Australian Communications Mag 1995

    6. In the lab too long? “There is never time to do it right, but always time to do it over” Critical items not resolved for many years have damaged the credibility of IPv6 deployment

    7. Security “Security considerations are not discussed in this memo” Lack of an end to end security architecture has further driven firewalls and NAT

    8. Firewalls essential In the real world, the only thing stopping massive customer PC collapse is firewalls and NAT The costs of removing them would be massive Edge node security in the real world is really bad

    9. The end to end mantra In 1995 we wanted to preserve end-to-end connectivity In 2006, the king is dead - long live the king In the real world: Customers do not want end to end, they want to be firewalled And ISPs agree with them

    10. End-to-End examples: Soldiers with LANs in their backpacks within a battlefield IPv6 network Windscreen wipers on all the cabs in Tokyo Massive sensor networks Every single customer PC in Australia

    11. None of them work None of them should be ‘public’ at all! All require security to firewall them, and are likely to use a server to securely/safely mediate access to summary data So what was that about end to end again?

    12. Stopgaps still working CIDR worked And IPv6 does not change this NAT staved off address starvation Remarkably well

    13. NAT: Not the anti-christ NAT and firewalls are the real world Society employs them in many realms They have naturally entered this one IETF negativity toward NAT standardisation has raised to cost of NAT and increased interworking faults But it works anyway

    14. Lack of CPE router IPv6 Almost zero consumer broadband CPE deployment of IPv6 Critical barrier in real world consumer networks Blocks end-to-end even if desired Difficult to see these devices ceasing to use NAT/Firewalls due to inherent benefits in doing so

    15. Business Case? There is no compelling ISP business case Commercial premium for IPv6 is zero IPv6 not essential for any application There is no nett positive income to gain, its just infrastructure change after all True end to end distributes the security problem in a currently un-tenable manner No current crisis to force the issue

    16. Other delay factors Provider Independent Multihoming broken Shims and other hacks Arguments over standardisation further delay deployments

    17. Laundry list of other things Other challenges abound, to further obstruct progress to IPv6: dual-stacking challenges; non-optimised router code; apathy; security challenges; customer support; DNS infrastructure challenges; ISP resource requirements (network operations, technical support)

    18. So what now? Keep improving IPv4 This will keep happening anyway. Do keep advancing IPv6 ready for the crunch when it finally happens Secondary stopgap: Two-stage NAT on customer dynamic IP populations would massively lower IPv4 demand “I cant believe its not the Internet” Static IP customers exempted but charged more for requiring end-to-end No current premium on external static IPs

    19. Create an economy around IPv4 IP ranges to force the crunch earlier: Sell new, and trade old, IPv4 address ranges As for Carbon tax/Carbon Credit economy Zero-rate IPv6 addresses for a ‘long’ time Create economic drivers to achieve result needed Donate new direct NIC income stream into Carbon Credits! Tradeable IPv4 Addressing?

    20. Create an economy around IPv4 IP ranges to force the crunch earlier: Sell new, and trade old, IPv4 address ranges As for Carbon tax/Carbon Credit economy Zero-rate IPv6 addresses for a ‘long’ time Create economic drivers to achieve result needed Donate new direct NIC income stream into Carbon Credits! Tradeable IPv4 Addressing?

    21. Its still the best thing we have when IPv4 runs out (still!) a question of when Without economic drivers or customer demand…? People are very bad at caring in the absence of crisis Otherwise?

    22. So will we deploy? Yes, we will It remains, however, a difficult question of when I really, really want to do it It has, somehow, to get above the noise floor It has, somehow, not to represent a major technical cost to deploy, or: Tradeable IPv4 addresses may force the issue on an economic basis ‘underneath’ customers in a network transparent manner

    23. Questions? http://www.internode.on.net http://www.agile.com.au simon@internode.com.au