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USACHPPM - Readiness thru Health. Green Procurement. Introduction to Green Procurement and Training for Federal Purchase Card Holders. Pat Rippey. U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. What do we mean by “ Green Procurement ”?.

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green procurement
USACHPPM - Readiness thru Health

Green Procurement

Introduction to Green Procurement

and Training for Federal Purchase Card Holders

Pat Rippey

U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine

what do we mean by green procurement
What do we mean by “Green Procurement”?
  • Showing preference for purchasing products that are:
    • Made with Recycled Content
    • Made with Biobased Products
    • Energy and Water Efficient
    • Alternative Fuels or Vehicles
    • Renewable Energy Sources
    • Sustainable Building Materials
    • Lacking in Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) and Priority Chemicals
    • EPEAT-registered Electronic Equipment
    • Environmentally Preferable
green procurement training overview
Green ProductsGreen Procurement Training Overview
  • DOD/Army Green Procurement Policies
  • Programs With Designated Products
    • Buy Recycled Program
    • BioPreferred Program
  • Finding Green Products
I work in an office;

there are no

green products

that I can buy

The products we’ve

always used

work just fine!

Why change?

Our focus is ourtraining mission.

Buying green is just not a priority

why buy green
Why Buy Green?
  • Use products that are healthier for the workforce and the environment
  • Save energy and natural resources
  • Promote recycling programs
  • Create jobs
  • Support US agriculture
  • Reduce disposal costs and hazards
  • Save money!
dod green procurement policy and strategy
DOD Green Procurement Policy and Strategy

August 27, 2004, Updated 2008

  • Formally Establishes DOD Green Procurement Program (GPP) and Metrics
  • Requires that green products and services be considered as first choice for all procurements
  • Assigns responsibility to virtually every DOD employee; notes need for awareness training
  • Requires implementation at organizational level where initial purchasing requirements are defined
  • Requires documentation of objectives, targets, and actions in an installation-level plan
  • Uses the EMS framework for implementation
dod policy who s responsible
DoD Policy – Who’s Responsible?
  • The responsibility for implementing DoD’s GPP lies not within any single organization, but with every person involved in the procurement process. From the requirements planner to the administrative contracting official, as well as government purchase card holders and persons requisitioning products or services through any source of supply or contract, each person has a role to play in ensuring that DoD complies fully with all Federal procurement preference requirements. In other words, virtually every DoD employee has some level of responsibility.
executive order 13423 strengthening federal environmental energy and transportation management
Executive Order 13423 – Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management
  • Signed 24 January 2007
  • Consolidated and strengthened 5 EOs and 2 Memoranda
  • Summary – Federal purchasers must show preference for environmentally preferable products and take actions to conserve resources (fossil fuels, water, and energy)
executive order 13514 federal leadership in environmental energy and economic performance
Executive Order 13514 – Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance
  • Requires federal agencies to “advance sustainable acquisition to ensure that 95 percent of new contract actions including task and delivery orders, for products and services with the exception of acquisition of weapon systems, are energy efficient, water efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting, contain recycled content, or are non-toxic or less toxic alternatives, where such products and services meet agency performance requirements”
a second life match the product on the left with the recycled biobased product on the right
Coffee beans, banana peels, tobacco leaves

Old blue jeans

U.S. currency

Potato starch and limestone

Automobile tires

Plastic drink bottles

Soybean oil

Wheat straw or jute

Cotton seed lint or

crushed walnut shells

A Second Life!Match the product on the left with the recycled/biobased product on the right


Food service packaging


Spill Absorbent

Park benches and clothing

Coffee cups and tableware


Playground material


designated products mandatory preference programs
Designated Products –Mandatory Preference Programs
  • EPA’s “Buy Recycled” Program
    • Products designated since 1995
    • Currently 62 designated products
  • USDA’s “BioPreferred” Program
    • 33 designated items
    • 9 more items proposed
benefits of buying recycled products
purchasingBenefits of Buying Recycled Products
  • Creates recycling markets
  • Saves energy
  • Conserves resources
  • Saves money
  • Saves landfill space
  • Reduces pollution
  • Provides incentive for
  • development of new
  • technologies
  • Promotes environmental
  • stewardship



Purchasing recycled products is the key to completing the recycling loop!

Post-Consumer Materials are recovered materials specifically generated in the consumer sector (homes, businesses, etc). These make up the largest portion of the overall waste stream – so it is important to look for post-consumer material content in the products we purchase

Typical Post-consumer materials

test your knowledge of recyclable materials
Plastic used to make soft drink bottles, food containers, and fabric (#1)

Type of plastic commonly used in milk and water jugs (#2)

A hard, brittle, generally transparent or translucent material formed from the rapid cooling of liquefied minerals

A lightweight, silver-white, metallic element that makes up approximately 7 percent of the Earth's crust

A strong, durable material made of iron and carbon, often used as a component in cans and as a structural material in construction

Test your knowledge of Recyclable Materials







key points
Key Points
  • What would you look for on a label to ensure the greatest benefit for recycling programs?
    • Contains no additives
    • High post-consumer content
    • Safe for septic systems
    • Government-approved
why buy green1
Why Buy Green?




And Recovery Act

of 1976




Executive Orders

13423 and 13514

2002 Farm Bill

Energy Policy Act 2005

who has to comply
  • Section 6002 of RCRA required procuring agencies to have procurement preference programs for recycled-content products
  • “Procuring Agencies” include:
    • Any Federal Agency (e.g., DOD)
    • Any state or local agency using appropriated Federal funds for a procurement
    • Persons contracting with such agencies


EPA’s Buy Recycled Program:Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPGs) and Recovered Materials Advisory Notices (RMANs)
  • CPGs designate the products that must contain recovered material
  • RMANs provide recommended recycled-content percentages and guidance on buying recycled-content products








To Buy


30% post



Recycled paper

According to RCRA, procuring agencies must show procurement preferences for designated products unless the product:

Is available only at an unreasonable price

Will not meet reasonable performance standards

Is unavailable within a reasonable timeframe or at a sufficient level of competition





how do i use an exception
How Do I Use An Exception?
  • If you purchase a noncompliant product for reasons of price, performance, or availability, AND the purchase was above the micropurchase threshold, you must document the reasons for not purchasing the compliant (e.g. recycled or biobased) product

Called a written

determination or


key points1
Key Points
  • Which of the following is NOT an acceptable justification for purchasing a designated product without recycled or biobased content?
    • The price is unreasonable
    • The product will not meet performance standards
    • The product will be shipped overseas
    • The product is not available within a reasonable time frame
epa designated products under the buy recycled program
EPA-Designated Products under the Buy Recycled Program
  • Construction
  • Landscaping
  • Non-paper Office Products
  • Paper and Paper Products
  • Parks and Recreation
  • Transportation
  • Vehicular
  • Miscellaneous

Product Categories:

construction products

Building insulation


Cement and concrete

Consolidated and reprocessed latex paint

Floor tiles

Laminated paperboard

Patio blocks

Shower and restroom dividers

Structural fiberboard

Carpet cushion

Flowable fill

Railroad grade crossings/surfaces

Modular Threshold Ramps

Nonpressure Pipe

Roofing Materials

landscaping products

Garden and soaker hoses

Hydraulic mulch

Lawn and garden edging



Landscaping timbers and posts (plastic lumber)

non paper office products

Binders (paper, plastic covered)

Office recycling containers

Office waste receptacles

Plastic desktop accessories

Plastic envelopes

Plastic trash bags

Printer ribbons

Toner cartridges

Office furniture

Solid plastic binders

Plastic clipboards

Plastic clip portfolios

Plastic file folders

Plastic presentation folders

paper and paper products

Commercial/industrial sanitary tissue products

Miscellaneous papers


Paperboard and packaging products

Printing and writing papers

park and recreation products

Plastic fencing

Playground surfaces

Running tracks

Park and recreational furniture

Playground equipment

transportation products



Flexible delineators

Parking stops

Traffic barricades

Traffic cones

vehicular products

Engine coolants

Re-refined lubricating oils

Retread tires

Rebuilt vehicle parts

miscellaneous products


  • Pallets
  • Sorbents
  • Awards and plaques
  • Industrial drums
  • Mats
  • Signage, including supports
  • Strapping and stretch wrap
  • Bike racks
  • Blasting grit
rmans recommended material advisory notices
RMANRMANsRecommended Material Advisory Notices
  • Provide content recommendations and guidance on buying recycled-content products
  • Developed by EPA using industry standards and current technology
  • Represent products that:
    • Are commercially available
    • Are cost competitive
    • Adhere to quality standards

Buy all your HDPE plastic binders with 90% recovered content!

non paper office products1
RMANNon-Paper Office Products

Example of RMANs Expressed as Ranges

examples of rmans expressed as management practices
Examples of RMANs Expressed as Management Practices
  • Toner Cartridges:
    • Obtain remanufacturing services for used cartridges
    • Procure remanufactured toner cartridges
    • Procure new toner cartridges made with recovered materials
  • Printer Ribbon:
    • Procure ribbon reinking or reloading services in conjunction with printer service contracts, or
    • Purchase reinked or reloaded printer ribbons
  • Engine Coolant:
    • Reclaim spent engine coolants onsite for use in vehicles, or
    • Establish service contract for reclamation of spent coolant
    • If coolant is purchased directly, reclaimed coolant should be specified.
usda s biopreferred program
USDA’s BioPreferred Program
  • Biobased products are commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) that utilize biological products or renewable domestic agricultural (plant, animal, and marine) or forestry materials
  • The Farm Bill (May 2002) made Federal agency purchase of biobased products mandatory
  • One year from item designation, Federal agencies must incorporate preference for the biobased item into their purchasing programs
benefits of biobased products
Benefits of Biobased Products
  • Provide renewable raw materials for a broad range of nonfood and nonfeed products
  • Provide new and expanded markets for agricultural feedstocks
  • Reduce U.S. dependence on petroleum and other imports
  • Introduce products that are friendlier to the environment than their petroleum-based counterparts
  • Foster rural and sustainable development

Soybean powered Agricultural

Research Service tour bus

designated biobased items
Designated Biobased Items
  • On 16 March 06,the first Biobased Items were designated
    • mobile equipment hydraulic fluids
    • urethane roof coatings
    • water tank coatings
    • diesel fuel additives
    • penetrating lubricants
    • bedding, linens, and towels
  • There are now 42 designated items!
examples of designated items under the biopreferred program
Lip care products

Biodegradable films

Hydraulic fluids

Biodegradable cutlery

Glass cleaners


Dust suppressants


Carpet and upholstery cleaners

Parts wash solutions

Examples of Designated Items under the BioPreferred Program
  • Adhesive and mastic removers
  • Hand cleaners/sanitizers
  • Biodegradable containers
  • Fertilizers
  • Sorbents
  • Graffiti and grease removers
  • Laundry products
  • Bathroom and spa cleaners
  • De-icers
  • Films
what about the mandated sources of supply
What About the Mandated Sources of Supply?
  • First define your product needs; for example, folders made with recycled content paper
  • Second, go to your mandatory sources of supply
  • If they don’t supply the item, let them know you require recycled/biobased content!
  • Check with them often to see if they supply the item



do you know
Do you know?
  • Which of these is an example of a biobased product?
    • Soy-based roof coating
    • Non-ozone-depleting aerosol
    • 35% post-consumer recycled paper
    • Chlorine-free industrial wipes
other aspects of green procurement
Other Aspects of Green Procurement
  • Environmentally Preferable
  • Energy and Water Efficient
  • Lacking in Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) and Priority Chemicals
  • EPEAT-registered Electronic Equipment
environmentally preferable purchasing
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing
  • EPP is the procurement of products or services having a lesser effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services
    • Examples: products that are less toxic, contain reduced VOCs, are durable or repairable, contain less packaging
energy efficient products
Energy Efficient Products
  • Purchase devices with minimal standby power – at or below one watt where available
  • Consider ENERGY STAR® and other energy efficient products when purchasing or contracting for energy-using products
energy efficient products1
Energy Efficient Products
  • Many products are available with Energy Star labels or designated by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP):
    • Lighting, copiers, faxes, printers, scanners, computers, cell phones, blackberries, PDAs
energy tips
Energy Tips
  • These are common energy wasters:
    • Have 2 monitors at your workstation
    • Disable your computer sleep mode setting
    • Have an elaborate screen saver (graphics, sound)
    • Leave battery chargers plugged in when not charging
ozone depleting substances
Ozone-Depleting Substances
  • EO 13148 requires agencies to phase out the procurement of Class I ODSs by 31 Dec 2010. Facilities must:
    • Switch to safe, approved alternatives
    • Evaluate present and future uses of ODSs in equipment and systems
    • Turn in all excess ODSs from out-of-service equipment to DoD

Class I ODSs



Carbon tetrachloride

Methyl chloroform

  • EO 13423 requires that:
    • 95% of electronic equipment purchased be registered using the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)
    • Computers and monitors have energy-saving features enabled
    • Electronics be managed over the life cycle
  • Which of the following is NOT an element of Green Procurement?
    • Environmentally Preferable
    • Biobased
    • Recovered Materials
    • Sustainable Work Practices
    • Energy Efficient
where can green products be found
Where Can Green Products Be Found?
  • Government Supply Sources
    • General Services Administration (GSA)
    • Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)
    • Government Printing Office (GPO)
    • Federal Logistics Information System (FLIS)
    • Your Onpost Supply Store
    • JWOD (Javits-Wagner-O’Day Act)/AbilityOne
    • UNICOR (Prison Industries)
  • Off-Post Commercial Vendors
    • Home Depot, Office Depot, Staples
how do i know a product is green
How do I know a product is Green?
  • Icons/Symbols
  • Environment Attribute Codes (DLA)
  • Product Labels and Certifications
  • Search Features



is a search

category in the GSA


online store

This takes you to the

GSA environmental

shopping page

EPACT-#: This item has not been designated as EPACT compliant. Section 104 of the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 2005 requires agencies to purchase only Energy Star qualified or FEMP-designated products within specific product categories. You may continue shopping. Click here for more information.


Alerts will come up if compliant electronic products are not selected

what s on the label
What’s On The Label?
  • Look For Specifics
    • “Contains 50% Post-Consumer fiber” says more than “made with recycled products”
  • Trust Certifications that are Reputable
    • EcoLogo, Chlorine Free Products Association (CFPA), Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Green Guard, Green Seal, Design for the Environment
  • Beware of Advertising Ploys – they might say “Green” but read the label
    • “Environmentally friendly”
    • “Green”
    • Symbols depicting the earth or trees
    • Unexplained recycling logos
how well do you know your labels
Does not contain substances potentially harmful to the ozone layer

Certified by EPA to possess energy efficient attributes such as low standby power, auto shut-off, less energy usage, or use of rechargeable power source

Not processed or manufactured with synthetic (and petroleum derived) pesticides and fertilizers, antibiotics, genetic engineering, irradiation or sewage sludge

Meets strict environmental performance criteria for desktops, laptops, and monitors

Will disintegrate in the disposal environment in a reasonable amount of time


Energy Star




How Well Do You Know Your Labels?
the lighter side of labels
The Lighter Side of Labels
  • Sears hairdryer: “Don’t use while sleeping”
  • Rowenta iron: “Do not iron clothes on body”
  • Dial soap: “Use like regular soap”
  • Nytol sleep aid: “Warning. May cause drowsiness”
  • Sainsbury’s peanuts: “Warning. Contains peanuts”
  • Bag of Frito’s: “You could be a winner! No purchase necessary. Details inside”
  • Christmas lights: “for indoor or outdoor use only”
  • Child’s superman costume: “Wearing of this garment does not enable you to fly”
how are purchases of green products tracked and monitored
How Are Purchases of Green Products Tracked and Monitored?
  • Agency Reporting
    • DOD purchases from federal supply sources
    • Contract Action Report (CAR)
  • Compliance Inspections
  • EMS Objectives and Targets
  • Your installation’s tracking systems or internal inspections
environmental reporting logistics system erls dla s green procurement report
Environmental Reporting Logistics System (ERLS)DLA’s Green Procurement Report
  • Provides web-based tracking and reporting for recycled, biobased, and other green products purchased by Federal agencies
  • Tracks green and non-green products purchased from DLA and GSA – using environmental attribute codes (CPG, energy efficient, low VOC, low standby power, water conserving, asbestos alternatives, mercury alternatives)
  • Provides data at DOD Acquisition Activity Code (DODAAC) and installation level
  • Data source for DOD Green Procurement Program metrics
We now use 30% recycled

content paper and it works

great! We found lots of other

recycled items in the catalog

We’ve switched to a

water-based parts cleaner.

Now I don’t worry as much

about health effects.

Our supply sergeant is buying

some biobased lubricants

and cleaners for the shop. They

work just as well as the old stuff.

final review
Final Review
  • Which of the following elements of Green Procurement have designatedproducts?
    • Priority Chemicals
    • Recycled Content
    • Biobased
    • Ozone-Depleting
what should you do
What Should You Do?
  • Keep the lists of CPG and biobased items handy – refer to them when you buy or specify!
  • Maximize your purchases of green products by
    • Searching for them in catalogs and online sources
    • Requesting them from your vendors and supply sources
  • Document when you can’t buy recycled or biobased products -- for reasons of price, performance, or availability, whenever the purchase is above the micropurchase amount
for more information
For More Information. . .


Pat Rippey

US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (USACHPPM)Ground Water and Solid Waste

Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD

DSN 584-5201

Comm (410) 436-5201

[email protected]