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The Changing World of UN Development Cooperation By Kerstin Leitner RC/RR UNDP, China Kuala Lumpur Nov. 2002

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the changing world of un development cooperation

The Changing World ofUN Development Cooperation

By

Kerstin Leitner

RC/RR UNDP, China

Kuala Lumpur Nov. 2002

slide2

The 20th Century a century of wars, civil strife, many conflicts, genocides and disasters, but as a redeeming feature there has been development cooperation.(A retiring aid administration official in 2000)

1950ies 60ies post colonialism and the cold war

1950ies/60ies: Post-colonialism and the Cold War

setting up institutions and organizations

respecting the chosen political structure

staying technical and neutral

1950ies 60ies delivery of un technical assistance

1950ies/60ies:Delivery of UN Technical Assistance

highly centralized

OPAS

long-term experts

tripartite system

1970ies the cold war heats up in development cooperation

1970ies: the Cold War heats up in Development Cooperation

- developed vs. developing countries

- political loyalty vs. development

needs and requirements

- multilateral vs. bilateral programmes

- 0.7 percent of GNI as a target

1970ies delivery of un technical cooperation

1970ies: Delivery of UN Technical Cooperation

- IPF system

- government execution

- mix of expert types

- emphasis on training

1980ies the developing world comes politically into its own

1980ies: The Developing World comes politically into its own

regional blocks

the Group of 77 and China

LDCs, threshold countries, regional blocks

globalization

doubts and confusion

1980ies delivery of un development cooperation

1980ies: Delivery of UN Development Cooperation

IPF system crumbles

tripartite system breaks up

national execution emerges

capacity building the most urgent demand

consultants/sub-contracts increase

1990ies the cold war is over now what

1990ies: the Cold War is over – now what?

globalization

one system “wins”

the UN emerging as an indispensable world forum

the UN system in a deep structural crisis

1990ies painful adjustments to a new world order

1990ies: Painful Adjustments to a New World Order

the SG’s reform package of July 1997

the emergence of new funds, e.g. GEF, Montreal Protocol,

and new funding modalities, e.g. multi-bi, MSAs, cost-sharing

1990ies delivery of un development cooperation

1990ies: Delivery of UN Development Cooperation

policy support

followup to international conferences

TCDC

national professional experts

all previous modalities are used

emergency assistance vs. development cooperation

the new millennium and the challenges of the 21st century

The New Millennium and the Challenges of the 21st Century

combining poverty elimination and globalization

expanding trade and creating domestic markets

raising living standards without depleting natural resources

the new millennium and the challenges of the 21st century13

The New Millennium and the Challenges of the 21st Century

protecting human rights and solving conflicts through negotiations

increasing ODA in exchange for policy adjustments

from dependence on governments to partnerships with civil society

the new millennium and the challenges of the 21st century14

The New Millennium and the Challenges of the 21st Century

working on the basis of comparative strength and as a team

working to the same script: MDGs

working on a global agenda in a national and regional context

the role of undp responding to challenges

The Role of UNDP– Responding to Challenges

addressing imbalances and disparities: the quest for equity

tackling environmental threats: keeping the world safe for human habitation

democracy: allowing for participation and

inclusion

coordination: bringing partners together

the role of undp the need for a vision identity

The Role of UNDP – The Need for a Vision/Identity

the business plan of the Admininstrator 2000-3

strategic choices on the basis of analysis

practice areas/service lines

prevention rather than repair

SRF/ROAR

the role of undp responding to challenges17

The Role of UNDP - Responding to Challenges

- growinginto a global organization

- being selective, gaining identity

- retaining our primary identity as a part of

the UN system

- responding to a diverse interest, staying

focused on global goals

from jpo to rc

From JPO to RC

- remember your roots

- enjoy the international environment

-impartial, but not neutral

- live, breathe and emulate the principles

of the UN Charter

thank you

Thank you!

For information on UNDP’s work in China, please visit our website:

www.unchina.org/undp