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MS System Setup. Securing A System. Use Automatic Updates. For a workstation or server, schedule the updates to occur regularly. Control panel click on security center. Should a portable computer be any different. Limited-Access Accounts.

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ms system setup

MS System Setup

Securing A System

use automatic updates
Use Automatic Updates
  • For a workstation or server, schedule the updates to occur regularly.
    • Control panel click on security center.
  • Should a portable computer be any different.
limited access accounts
Limited-Access Accounts
  • Create a limited access account for each user with strong passwords.
  • Administrative access should be reserved for administrative tasks only

Control panels -> User Accounts

install uninstall applications
Install/(Uninstall) Applications
  • Registry cleaner: Glary Tools
  • Malware scanners: McAffe, Adaware
  • Personal Firewall: Comodo
  • Startups and services: Autoruns – use this to identify startups and services that can be disabled.
minimal configuration
Minimal Configuration
  • Uninstall un-necessary applications and services.
  • Use a tool like Autoruns or MSCONFIG to deactivate services.

start->run: msconfig

  • See for more info on startups and services.
  • Anti-Virus
    • Virus Scan Console
    • Configure the updates
  • Anti-spyware/adware
  • Update regularly (automatically)
  • Choose scanners that can be run in safe mode.
scanners mcafee
Scanners (McAfee)
  • Go to Auto Update and choose the schedule button to set the schedule for updates.
  • Manual updates are possible by placing the .DAT files in the: Program Files\ Common Files\McAfee\Engine folder.
  • IE is the default
  • Are other browsers more secure?
  • Configure to be secure
    • Deactivate ActiveX, JavaScript, Java
    • Tools->internet options
      • Security tab
  • Conduct browsing with a limited access account.
  • Set
    • Internet zone
    • Trusted sites (default settings?)
  • Consider a tool like SiteAdvisor
  • Don’t use Autocomplete
    • tools-internet options->content tab
      • Disable the features AutoComplete
registry maintenance
Registry Maintenance
  • Flush the System Restore
    • Click the “System Restore Settings” in the wizard.
    • (check) Turn off System Restore. This will delete your old checkpoints.
    • Turn on System Restore
    • Run a registry cleaner/check before making a new checkpoint.
registry backup
Registry Backup
  • Run a registry checker/cleaner (Glary tools).
    • Backup the registry and create a checksum (hash) (see next slide)
    • Consider MD5Summer as a way to checksum all files in the registry.
    • Optional: Encrypt the backup and hash information or store it on removable secure media.
registry backup12
Registry Backup
  • Start->run->Open: regedit
  • File -> Export
  • Choose a name and location for the registry backup file. Save it.
  • Create a hash for the backup file. Place the hash in a text file.
  • Encrypt the hash and backup file.
    • Properties -> advanced
  • Copy to external media
archival backups
  • Things to backup
    • Personal data and settings
    • Registry

Windows has a backup utility:

Accessories->System Tools->Backup

disk maintenance
Disk Maintenance
  • Disk Clean Up
    • System Tools ->Disk Cleanup
  • De-fragmenting (in safe mode)
    • System Tools -> De-fragment
disabling autoruns
Disabling Autoruns
  • Right click the icon for the device
  • Choose the AutoPlay tab
  • Select each type in the drop down list
    • Select “no action” for each item in the drop down list (menu)
    • Apply
    • OK
scan new media
Scan new media
  • Use your scanners to scan any media inserted in your computer before opening files on the media
file display
File Display
  • Show the extensions on file names
    • Double click My Computer, go to Tools -> file options.
    • Also show hidden files and folders
  • For a notebook computer, use a personal firewall.
  • Disable the Windows default firewall when you install your software personal firewall.
  • Configure it correctly.
  • Update regularly and automatically.
  • Encrypt important files stored on your computer
  • Note: important files should be archived to WORM media and stored in a secure place.
e mail
  • Deactivate preview panes.