Folk and Popular Culture. Insanely “Radical” Scot, with Kilt and Classic Surfboard. Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar. The Forbidden City Beijing, China 2004. Beijing, China 2004. Important Terminology.
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Insanely “Radical” Scot, with Kilt and Classic Surfboard
Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar
Folk Culture – rapidly changing and/or disappearing throughout much of the world.
Portuguese Fishing Boat
Turkish Camel Market
Effects on Landscape:usually of limited scale and scope.
Agricultural: fields, terraces, grain storage
Dwellings: historically created from local materials: wood, brick, stone, skins; often uniquely and traditionally arranged; always functionally tied to physical environment.
How did such differences develop?
Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
Food Taboos: Jews – can’t eat animals that chew cud, that have cloven feet; can’t mix meat and milk, or eat fish lacking fins or scales; Muslims – no pork; Hindus – no cows (used for oxen during monsoon)
Washing Cow in Ganges
Clothing: Jeans, for example, and have become valuable status symbols in many regions including Asia and Russia despite longstanding folk traditions.
Wide Distribution: differences from place to place uncommon, more likely differences at one place over time.
Housing:only small regional variations, more generally there are trends over time
Food: franchises, cargo planes, superhighways and freezer trucks have eliminated much local variation. Limited variations in choice regionally, esp. with alcohol and snacks. Substantial variations by ethnicity.
World Cell Phone SubscribersCartogram, 1990
Territory size shows the proportion of all cellular telephone subscriptions found there in 1990.Source: www.worldmapper.org
Source: GSM Association. 2009.
Fig. 4-3: This mental map places major hip hop performers near other similar performers and in the portion of the country where they performed.
Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.
The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely.
The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely. Some countries censor the Internet, but this is much harder to do.
Effects on Landscape: creates homogenous, “placeless” (Relph, 1976), landscape
Are places still tied to local landscapes?
Disconnect with landscape: indoor swimming pools? desert surfing?
Swimming Pool, West Edmonton Mall, Canada
Dubai’s Indoor Ski Resort
Often Destroys Folk Culture – or preserves traditions as museum pieces or tourism gimmicks.
Satellite Television, Baja California
Western Media Imperialism?
Accelerated Resource Use in Consumer Societies:
Shanghai, China, 2003
Palm Springs, CA
1. Denmark2. Finland3. Netherlands4. Sweden5. Ireland6. Canada7. Switzerland8. New Zealand9. Norway10. Belgium
- Based on data from World Values Survey
Question: “Please imagine a ladder, with steps numbered from 0 at the bottom to 10 at the top. The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder represents the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time?”
Based on data from Gallup World Survey, 2006
Based on data from World Values Survey
“All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? Using this card on which 1 means you are “completely dissatisfied” and 10 means you are “completely satisfied” where would you put your satisfaction with your life as a whole?”
Completely dissatisfied Completely satisfied
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10