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Measuring the concrete strength is one of the most important stages in construction and engineering to ensure a high-quality build. While it is traditionally done using compression and tension testing machines,
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Concrete Strength Test
Measuring the concrete strength is one of the most important stages in construction and
engineering to ensure a high-quality build. While it is traditionally done using compression and
tension testing machines, concrete strength tests may also be conducted using instruments like the
Schmidt Hammer or an ultrasonic pulse velocity device. With these non-destructive tools engineers
can analyse the extent of repair that must be conducted on a structure, or audit the final form of
the structure. With either system the concrete’s actual compressive strength is determined as an
estimate based on results from destructive tests in a lab matched to the velocity for UPV tests, or
to the rebound hammers Q or R rebound values for Schmidt Hammer testing.
A modern ultrasonic pulse velocity device comes with a touchscreen display and guarantees
compatibility with a range of ultrasonic transducer. A material’s pulse velocity is affected by its
elastic properties and density. In turn, those factors are related to the material’s strength and
quality. Using ultrasonic wave velocity testing you should be able to accurately measure concrete’s
sonic properties, identify a material’s homogenity, determine the presence of internal defects or
imperfections like cracks and voids and concrete’s strength as it relates to specific standard
requirements. It is useful when you need to determine the changes in concrete occurring over time
or due to chemical attacks, frost, or fire.
Time of flight is the basic value that is measured in an ultrasonic velocity test, and it pertains to the
amount of time the ultrasonic pulse can travel from one transducer to another as it passes through
a solid medium like concrete. Usually the measured ultrasonic pulse is identified as a compression
wave or p-wave, and ultrasonic pulse velocity is determined by dividing the distance between
sending and receiving transducers by the arrival time.
The Schmidt hammer is another commonly used instrument for concrete strength tests. The
Original Schmidt hammer is still widely used along with newer and advanced models like the Silver
Schmidt hammer. Some manufacturers have upgraded the original Schmidt hammer with digital
technology to make it more dependable and accurate and to remedy insufficiencies associated with
classic hammers such as the rebound value being too dependent on impact direction and easily
affected by internal friction. The Silver Schmidt hammer is highly accurate during data collection
due to a differential optical absolute velocity encoder. Results do not depend on impact direction
and it comes with a built-in correction module for form factor and carbonation to ensure higher