The Global Compact in Pakistan Concept, Process & Partners
What it is… • Corporate Citizenship Initiativelaunched in July 2000 by the UN Secretary General, where he challenged business leaders to join an international initiative – the Global Compact. • It is amulti-stakeholder networkbringing business together with UN, government, labour and civil society to advance responsible corporate citizenship. • It is aframeworkto facilitate better interaction and increased partnerships between the public and the private sectors, with the ultimate objective to promote and support development.
The Vision and Objectives • The Vision: To establish a more sustainable and inclusive global economy by fostering a more beneficial relationship between business and societies. • Objectives: • Making the Global Compact and its principles part of business strategy and operations. • Facilitating cooperation among key stakeholders and promoting partnerships in support of UN goals through several mechanisms: • Learning Platforms • Local Networks • Partnership Projects • Policy Dialogues
Why a “Global Compact” • Business is part of the solution to problems related to globalization. • As only true global forum, UN is in a unique position to facilitate cooperation and collective problem-solving among various stakeholders. • Until now, no real international framework for promoting corporate citizenship and a global understanding of “good practices”.
Global Compact is Network • Companies; • Business Associations; • Labour; • Governments; • Civil Society Organizations ; • Academic and public policy institutions • Global Compact Office and four UN Agencies: • Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights • United Nations Environment Programme • International Labour Organization • United Nations Development Programme
The Nine Principles • The Global Compact is based on nine principles of: • Human Rights • Labour • Environment • The Global Compact offers a joint platform for public and private stakeholders to: • express their aspirations in pursuit of these principles, • take joint action, and • learn on how to practically implement them.
The Nine Principles Human Rights • Principle 1: Support and respect the protection of international human rights within their sphere of influence; and • Principle 2: Make sure their own corporations are not complicit in human rights abuses.
The Nine Principles Labour • Principle 3: Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; • Principle 4: The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour; • Principle 5: The effective abolition of child labour; and • Principle 6: the elimination of discrimination in respect to employment and occupation.
The Nine Principles Environment • Principle 7: Support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges; • Principle 8: Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; • Principle 9: Encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.
Benefits of Participation • Producing practical solutions to contemporary problems related to globalization, corporate citizenship and sustainable development. • Rallying around universal principles and responsible corporate citizenship to make the economy more sustainable and inclusive.
Benefits of Participation • Leveraging the UN’s global reach and convening power with the government, business, labour, civil society, and other stakeholders. • Sharing good practices and learnings. • Accessing the UN’s broad knowledge in development issues and its practical reach. • Help build trust.
Leadership… Need Critical Mass of Business leaders to sustain the movement • The UN system in Pakistan recognizes that the business sector has much to offer to the cause of sustainable human development and inclusive global economy. • Also, it will engage with the business sector and other stakeholders both as a • Broker/facilitator, and • Partner.
Awareness… utilize forums to foster public disclosure • Media plays a critical role in advocating and raising awareness amongst the general public. • A media launch was held in Islamabad on 15 May 2003, where the media was invited to mobilize support for Global Compact.
Learning… the CEO and board as champions • To launch the Global Compact, key stakeholders in the business community, labour, government, academia, development actors and media need to be consulted. • A core group of champions – The Global Compact Steering Board – will, with UN facilitation, guide, support and grow this initiative.
The Partners…Lead in the spirit of the Global Compact Principles at the Country Level
The Global Compact Steering Board –at the country level • Government/Ministries • Individual Companies. • Business Associations. • Labour. • Civil Society/Non-governmental organizations. • Academic & Public Policy Institutions. • United Nations.
Steering Board… Objectives • The Steering Board shall ensure that the Global Compact initiative: • Is based on a consultative process involving all the key partners; • It shall encourage national counterparts to subscribe to the GC principles; • Translate the engagement into concrete actions; • Foster learning among all stakeholders.
Steering Board… More Specific Objectives • Bring together business, government, academics, labour and civil society to: • -Establish institutional mechanisms, such as a National Policy Dialogues and Partnership Forum, • -Facilitate dialogue and learning from/by all the concerned stakeholders; • -Advocate on national development challenges/priorities where the business sector could contribute; • -Initiate and promote public-private partnership projects, and facilitate corresponding mobilization of resources; • -Facilitate regular interaction among the stakeholders of the GC initiative, including government, private sector and civil society.