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Ontology Design Using Topic Maps in Korean Cultural Artifacts Domain. Sam Oh , Professor Sungkyunk wan University Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Homepage : http://lis.skku.ac.kr/ohs/. Presentation Outline. Brief Introduction to Topic Maps Modeling Korean Folk Music (Pansori) Using Topic Maps
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Ontology Design Using Topic Mapsin Korean Cultural Artifacts Domain Sam Oh, Professor Sungkyunkwan University Email: email@example.com Homepage: http://lis.skku.ac.kr/ohs/
Presentation Outline • Brief Introduction to Topic Maps • Modeling Korean Folk Music (Pansori) Using Topic Maps • Modeling Korean Cultural Artifacts Using Topic Maps
Topic Maps Background • ISO Standard • Published as ISO/IEC 13250 in 2000 • XTM Topic maps (XTM)1.0 specification in 2001 by Topicmap.org • ISO/IEC 13250:2003 now includes XTM 1.0 • TMQL (Topic Map Query Language) – ISO 18048 • Committee Draft published February 2005 • TMCL (Topic Map Constraint Language) – ISO 19756 • Committee Draft published February 2005 • XML as the main topic map syntax and is supported by nearly all topic map tools.
What is the Purpose of Topic Maps? • To collocate related resources about a subject • To support the distributed management of information and knowledge • To organize large bodies of information • To capture organizational memory • To represent complex rules and processes • To support concept-based eLearning • To aggregate information and knowledge = Seamless Knowledge
Topic Map Model (Index) Knowledge Layer (Content) Information Layer
Information Layer The Information Layer • The lower layer contains the content • usually digital, but need not be • can be in any format or notation • can be text, graphics, video, audio, etc.
The Knowledge Layer • The upper layer consists of topics and associations • Topics represent the subjects that the information is about • Associations represent relationships between those subjects knowledge layer
TAO of Topic Maps - Topics- Associations- Occurrences
Topics • A topic is a machine-processable representation of a concept.
Metadata Registry John Miller University of Washington Seattle Stuart Sutton XMDR Topics
Topic Names • A topic may have multiple names • Multiple natural languages • Synonyms • Base Name(Required) • Each name may have variants • Display Name (Optional) • Sort Name (Optional)
Metadata Registry [project] John Miller [professor] LIS550 [course] Seattle [region] Stuart Kim [professor] XMDR [project] Topic Types
Topic types • A topic type represents the class of which the topic is an instance, e.g. • the topic Stuart Kim is of type “professor” • the topic XMDR is of type “project” • Topic typing has standard type-instance (or class-instance) semantics • CAUTION! This is not the same as the supertype-subtype (or subtypeOf) relationship... • You must not use topic typing to state that “a professor is a person” • A special kind of association • The relationship between a topic andits type is actually just a privilegedkind of association • Topic types arealso topics • You can define whatever types you need for your application
Occurrences • Relationships between informationresources and subjects • Those resources can be internal or external to the topic map • In most cases they are external
Associations • Relationships between subjects • A network of subjects • The relationships between the subjects are clearly defined
takes involved in teaches Stuart Kim LIS550 John Miller Metadata Registry Project Association
takes Involved in LIS 550 Stuart Kim John Miller Metadata Registry Project Linking the Layers Through Occurrences Student Knowledge Layer Course Course teaches Project Primary Investigator Professor Information Layer
Pansori Domain – TM Modeling Soonchang(Region) KangSan-Je (Sect) Present(Genealogy) famous for belongs to appears in Man-Jung ChunHyang Editorials (Editorials) has editorials is a member of ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori) NJ Park teacher-student SH Cho (Singer) composed-by JH Shin (Composer) exponent of KR Song consists of is a dunum of singer-part matches with singer-tone played-by is a body of part-rhythm SS An's Love Song (Dunum) part-tone tambour-rhythm Jung-Mo-Li (Rhythm) MH Kim (Tambour) SeolRyong-Ge(Tone) AS Han's Chunghyang-Ga (Body) Sarang-Ga(Part)
Pansori Occurrence Mapping Soonchang(Region) KangSan-Je (Sect) Present(Genealogy) famous for belongs to Appears in Man-Jung ChunHyang Editorials (Editorials) has editorials is a member of ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori) Park, NJ teacher-student composed-By Shin, JH (Composer) exponent of Song, KR consists of is a dunum of singer-part matches with singer-tone played-by is a body of part-rhythm part-tone tambour-rhythm Jung-Mo-Li (Rhythm) SeolRyong-Ge(Tone) Kim, MH (Tambour) Sarang-Ga(Part)
Pansori Occurrence Types Soonchang(Region) KangSan-Je (Sect) Present(Genealogy) Famous in belongs to Real name Pen name appears in Man-Jung ChunHyang Editorials (사설집) Has editorials is a member of Nick name Biography ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori) Birthplace Activity year Park, Nokju teacher-student Composed-By Shin, Jaehyo (Composer) Position A date of birth exponent of Website Image Song, Kwangrok consists of Sound Is a dunum of Album singer-part Mathes with Producing year singer-tone Played by Introduction Is a body of part-rhythm Contents Video part-tone Tambour-Rhythm Geneaology Book SeolRyong-Ge(Tone) Jung-Mo-Li (Rhythm) Kim, Myunghwan (Tambour) Article Structure Sarang-Ga(Part) Critique Paper
Region ERD Modeling famous for Editorials Pansori Type has editorials matches with played by Dan-Ga Byon -Chang SeungDo -Chang Creative Pansori Pansori Rhythm consists of Is a dunum of Is a body of part-rhythm tambour-rhythm Dunum Part Tambour appears in People Part-Tone Body composed by Composer Je Chunggo exponent of singer-part Sect Dongcho Singer belongs to singer-tone Tone Kangsan teacher-student Seopyon Is a member of Dongpyon Singer genealogy Cheon-Ju Nam-Won Former Latter Modern Present
Category Album Article Book Category Concert Content Critiques Editorial Genealogy Image Introduction Paper Producing Year Sound Type Video Website Work Structure Dan- Ga Region UML Modeling m Byong -Chang Editorials Introduction Content m Rhythm Person ActivityYears Biography Album Article BirthPlace Book Concert DateofBirth Homepage Image Nickname Paper PenName Position Prizes Real name Sound Video Website n n n SeongDo- Chang m m Tambour Creative Pansori n Composer m n n 1 n Part 1 n m n Pansori 1 n 1 Singer 1 n m m m 1 n n m n Du-Num n DongCho-Je Body Je Introduction n ChungGo-Je 1 Sect 1 KangSan-Je Singer Genealogy Introduction n Tone Sound SeoPyon-Je n Namwon Former Cheon-Ju Latter Modern Present DongPyon-Je
Search Scenario #1 • Search for famous singers and works of Dong-Pyon-Je
Search Scenario #2 • Search for the generation to which NokJu Park (박녹주) belongs, and find three singers in the same generation
TM-Enabled Pansori Systems • Using Omnigator • http://tms.metaontology.net/ • Running Site • http://188.8.131.52:8080/pansori/
Topic Maps Modeling Cho-Sun Dynasty Record (Archives) Recorded in 3rd grade social (Curriculum) Kum-Kang (landscape) Included in Drawn by Jung-Sun (People) Included in Kyong-Bok (Palace) Seoul (Region) Se-Jo (People) Included in located in transmits ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music) Has Affiliated assets Categorized in Created by Is constructed in Historical Place (Assignment) Tae-Jo (People) Cho-Sun (Period)
Topics to Occurrences Mapping Cho-Sun Dynasty Record (Archives) Recorded in 3rd grade social (Curriculum) Kum-Kang (landscape) Included in Drawn by Jung-Sun (People) Included in Kyong-Bok (Palace) Seoul (Region) Se-Jo (People) Included in located in transmits ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music) Has affiliated assets Categorized in Created by Is constructed in Historical Place (Assignment) Tae-Jo (People) Cho-Sun (Period)
Topic Maps Modeling Recorded in Cho-Sun Dynasty Record (Archives) Definition Scale mapViewer VariantName 3rd grade social (Curriculum) Kum-Kang (landscape) VRViewer Characteristics Drawn by Included in Category RelationAssets Jung-Sun (People) Included in Authoriy Survey Se-Jo (People) Kyong-Bok (Palace) Standard transmits Seoul (Region) Included in InformationGuide ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music) located in Significant Homepage Has affiliated assets Categorized in Image Education Created by Article Grade Is constructed in Tae-Jo (People) Paper Historical Place (Assignment) Curriculum Location Unit Owner Cho-Sun (Period) Substance DesignateDay URL Manager E-learning
ERD Modeling People Seoul transmits Jeju Cuccirulum Palace Drawn by Politics Region Place ChunBuk Gate Included in Tomb KyongBuk Royal Tomb Has affiliated assets Land scape Created by Family Tomb Asset ChungBuk Relics Located in Sculpture Seoul Industrial Arts Jeju Is constructed in Period Music ChunBuk Intangible Assets Is categorized in Dance National Category KyongBuk Recorded in Convention UNESCO ChungBuk Archives
UML Modeling Palace Politics Assets Definition Variant Name Characteristics Relation Assets Survey Information guide Homepage Image Article Paper Location Owner Designate day Manager Scale mapViewer VRViewer Place Curriculum Education Grade Curriculum Unit Substance URL E-learning Gate Tomb Royal Tomb m Land scape n Family Tomb Relics Sculpture n People Industrial Arts Seoul m n 1 Music m Jeju m Intangible Assets Dance Region ChunBuk 1 n m Convention n m KyongBuk m m Archives Category ChungBuk n Period National Definition Category Authority Standard Significance UNESCO Seoul Jeju ChunBuk KyongBuk ChungBuk
TM Advantages • Flexible Schema • Semantic Data Modeling Fully Implemented • Flexible Application Structure • Flexible Extension • Rich Representation of Relationships • No need to lose meaningful relationships between classes • May lead to better performance for navigation and IR • Less time and effort for a database designer
서울 중1사회 인왕재색도 경회루 중2도덕 세계문화유산 Topic 조선왕조실록 통일신라 초등4사회 석굴암 경주첨성대 돈화문 인정전 조선 불국사 문무왕 안압지 경복궁 조선왕조실록 보물 천마도장니 삼국사기 창덕궁 천마총 봉산탈춤 다보탑 김대성 하회마을 금강전도 석가탑 성덕왕신종 김홍도 흥인지문 초등3사회 중1국어 태종 단원풍속도첩 삼국사기 금모 금관 종묘 종묘제례악 보신각 태조 국보 세조 경덕왕 정선 경주석빙고 숭례문 판소리 초등6사회 종묘제례 중요무형문화재 사적 고려 경상북도 중요민속자료 고1사회 기록물 지역 궁궐 교과과정 궁궐 궁궐 교과과정 시대 Topic Type 유네스코지정 기록물 국가지정 전통연희 전통의식 금속공예 성 교과과정 인물 의식법구 인물 주거건축 국가지정 인물 인물 의식법구 궁궐 금속공예 궁궐 교과과정 성 국가지정 유물산포지 교과과정 교과과정 천문지리기구 인물 불교탑 불교탑 시대 신수화 지역 국가지정 인물 전통음악 기록물 불교 기록물 왕식무덤 영묘화조화 국가지정 인물 불교 전통음악 궁궐 인물 산수화 관아 교과과정 풍속화 시대 부석사 조사당벽화 하회탈 병신탈 벽화 유희용구 Full TM Modeling of Korea Cultural Artifacts 연관관계 Association