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Middle Ages Learning Packet Day Four The Catholic Church dominated people’s life during the Middle Ages Europe in the Middle Ages- page 11 CRUSADES FARMING Although the First Crusade captured Jerusalem , later Crusades accomplished very little

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middle ages learning packet day four

Middle Ages Learning Packet Day Four

The Catholic Church dominated people’s life during the Middle Ages

europe in the middle ages page 11
Europe in the Middle Ages- page 11

CRUSADES

FARMING

Although the First Crusade captured Jerusalem, later Crusades accomplished very little

Better farming methods– such as the Three-field system and the use of plows made it possible for farmers to grow more food. This brought a population increase in the Middle Ages

EUROPE IN

THE MIDDLE AGES

slide3

EUROPE IN

THE MIDDLE AGES

TRADE AND TOWNS

As people moved from manors into cities, trade expanded and guilds formed for both merchants and artisans.

GOVERNMENT

HUNDRED YEARS’ WAR

France and England developed strong central governments in which arose the first stirrings of democracy in medieval Europe. This can be seen in Parliament and the Estates General

The Hundred Years’ War further weakened church power. The crossbow doomed armored knights.

slide4

THE BUBONIC PLAGUE

EUROPE IN

THE MIDDLE AGES

The Black Plague killed 25 million and weakened the European economy.

LEARNING

Europe’s first universities developed in the Middle Ages. Interest in learning grew as a result of the rediscovery of Classical literature.

slide5

THE CHURCH

The great medieval cathedrals that soared heavenward were symbols of the Catholic power Yet this power did not go unnoticed. For decades, Christians and non-Christians engaged in power struggles.

EUROPE IN

THE MIDDLE AGES

crusades graphic organizer page 12
Crusades Graphic Organizer- Page 12

THEY PERSECUTED CHRISTIANS

JESUS’ BIRTHPLACE

CONTROLLED BY SELJUK TURKS (MUSLIMS)

THE

CRUSADES

CHRISTIAN HOMELAND

slide8

PROMISED CRUSADERS HEAVENLY AND EARTHLY REWARDS

CALLED FOR A WAR AGAINST UNBELIEVERS

POPE URBAN II

THE

CRUSADES

slide9

If we had lived back then…

Come on guys lets take our land back from those Muslims!

Pope

slide10

MERCHANTS SAW A CHANCE TO MAKE MONEY

KNIGHTS COULD STEAL FROM THE WEALTHY

THE

CRUSADES

APPEAL OF CRUSADES

CRIMINALS HAD THEIR PUNISHMENT RELIEVED

ORDINARY PEOPLE HAD THEIR FAMILIES PROTECTED BY THE CHURCH

slide11

THE

CRUSADES

MAIN PROBLEMS WERE HEAT EXAUSTION, FOOD & WATER SHORTAGES

FIRST CRUSADE

CAPTURED THE CITY OF JERUSALEM

RECAPTURED BY TURKS 100 YRS. LATER

slide12

THE

CRUSADES

SECOND CRUSADE

KING LOUIS VII (FRANCE) AND CONRAD III (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE) BEGAN IN 1147 BUT TURNED BACK AND RETURNED IN DISGRACE

slide13

THE

CRUSADES

THIRD CRUSADE

KING FREDRICK BARBOSA (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE)

ALSO CALLED THE CRUSADE OF THE 3 KINGS

ON THE WAY HE DROWNED

slide14

THE

CRUSADES

FOURTH CRUSADE

INNOCENT III CONVINCED KNIGHTS TO FIGHT

CHRISTIAN CITIES WERE ATTACKED BY CHRISTIAN KNIGHTS

slide15

If we had lived back then…

THE POPE SENT THESE GUYS TO BEAT UP MUSLIMS NOT US! WHAT ARE THEY DOING?

BOY THESE GUYS ARE SURPRISED WE ARE ATTACKING THEM!

slide16

THE

CRUSADES

CHILDREN’S CRUSADE

THOUGHT THEY COULD DO BETTERTHAN THEIR PARENTS

THEY WERE TRICKED AND SOLD INTO SLAVERY

slide17

If we had lived back then…

DO I HEAR 50 GOLD PIECES?

BOY THIS WAS THE EASIEST MONEY I’VE EVER MADE

I REALLY THOUGHT WE COULD DO BETTER THAN OUR PARENTS!

slide18

EUROPEANS LEARN OF THE CROSSBOW, CATAPULTS, AND GUNPOWDER

MUSLIMS RECAPTURE JERUSALEM

THE

CRUSADES

RESULTS

INCREASED THE POWER OF KINGS

CHRISTIAN CHURCH ASSUMES MORE POWER

DECREASED THE POWER OF FEUDAL LORDS

WOMEN’S RIGHTS INCREASED

ITALIAN CITIES PROFITED FROM CRUSADES

european towns and trade in the late middle ages page 12
European Towns and Trade in the Late Middle Ages- page 12

Weekly market days and religious festivals were where most TRADING took place.

Fairs were sponsored by feudal lords who profited by TAXING all items bought and sold.

slide20

BARTER ECONOMY did not work at these fairs, most goods were sold at prices determined by an exchange medium COINS

3 most important developments in the revival of European trade were: 1. Manufacturing system 2. Banking system 3. Practice of investing capital

slide21

Manufacturing resulted from trade, the method of production during the Middle Ages was the DOMESTIC system– where manufacturing took place in the worker’s homes.

BANKS spread as borrowing money became common for kings and nobles. JEWS became bankers because the Christian church forbade usury (CHARGING INTEREST)

slide22

CAPITAL is wealth earned, saved, and invested in order to produce products. MARKET ECONOMY is when land, labor, and capital are controlled by individuals. Basis of U.S. Capitalist system.

  • ** Types of Economies:
  • Traditional- Economic activities are based on custom—how things have been done for many generations.WAY OF LIFE BEFORE THE CRUSADES
  • Market- Individuals own the factors of production. Economic decisions are made through supply and demand.* DEVELOPED AFTER THE CRUSADES
  • Command- Government controls the factors of production and makes most decisions about their use. Sometimes it is called a “controlled” or “centrally directed” system.
  • Mixed-Economic activities are based on some characteristics of a command system and some characteristics of a market system.SEEN IN ALL WORLD ECONOMIES TODAY
today s assignment page 13 of your packet
Today’s Assignment- page 13 of your packet.

STOP

  • Middle Ages Unit Test: Tuesday