Lenin and the Russian Revolutions. Key questions: What were the causes of the Russian Revolutions? Why were the Bolsheviks successful? What was the role of Lenin in the revolution? How did Lenin maintain power?. Leonardo DiCaprio set to play Lenin in new movie ‘Lenin’s brain’.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Key questions:What were the causes of the Russian Revolutions?Why were the Bolsheviks successful?What was the role of Lenin in the revolution?How did Lenin maintain power?
Parliamentarianism is the triumph of egoism
Universal suffrage is a fatal error
Freedom of the press? Ha! One of the falsest institutions of our time’
No political reform
class: desire for
(SDs and SRs).
Defeats shock public
Loss of Port Arthur
Of Tsar’s govt.
War causes shortages
end to Russification
restricted by Mir
Economic slump and
Poor harvests after
Poor working and
living conditions in
Pyotr Stolypin, Chairrman of Council of Ministers
Marxist-Leninists vs Western Historians
Western historians have been less ready to accept the idea of ‘inevitable’ revolution: an era open to many possibilities
The revolution was inevitable: reform therefore doomed to failure.
Causes of the
February 1917 Revolution
conditions – food
and fuel shortages
Interpretations: ‘one of the most leaderless, spontaneous, anonymous revolutions of all time (Chamberlin).
‘We may not live to see the revolution in our lifetime (Lenin, January 1917)
WESTERN VIEW after 1945 (during Cold War)
A coup d’etat led by a minority group who then imposed their evil ideology on the Russian people.
Also called the Liberal view – Richard Pipes, Leonard Schapiro, Robert Conquest
A popular uprising of the working class and poor peasants guided by the leadership of Lenin.
Suspicious of Cold War historians or ‘cold warriors’. Identified active role of people in the lower ranks of Bolshevik party. Lenin a ‘weak dictator?’. Veers back towards ‘popular uprising’ theories
Element of both Western and Revisionist. Evidence of a definite coup, but also of some independent action at local levels.
Chris Read, Robert Service
to control production.
Unity and organisation
Bolsheviks used powerful images for posters and AGITPROP trains
Trotsky an outstanding leader. Discipline tough – as opposed to White’s discipline
Bolsheviks had a unified command structure. Whites had many different groups fighting for different causes.
Reds controlled Moscow and Petrograd. Railways, troops, supplies easier.
Peasants and nationalities favoured Red policies. Not happy with War Communism though.