infection control l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Infection Control PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Infection Control

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Infection Control - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Infection Control. NPN 105 Joyce Smith RN, BSN. Changes in Control of Infections. Onset of HIV Insurgence of TB form endemic countries Increase in hepatitis Increase in immigrants Hospital cost containment Nosocomial infections. Infection Control.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Infection Control' - Olivia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
infection control

Infection Control

NPN 105

Joyce Smith RN, BSN

changes in control of infections
Changes in Control of Infections
  • Onset of HIV
  • Insurgence of TB form endemic countries
  • Increase in hepatitis
  • Increase in immigrants
  • Hospital cost containment
  • Nosocomial infections
infection control4
Infection Control
  • Infection control and prevention are important functions.
  • Knowledge of infectious process, critical thinking, aseptic techniques, and barrier protections cannot be overemphasized.
  • Nurses are the primary preventers of infectious diseases in health care
scientific knowledge base
Scientific Knowledge Base
  • Nature of infection
    • Invasion of susceptible host by pathogens or microorganisms which results in disease
    • Infecting agents
      • Bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa
    • Colonization
      • Occurs when a microorganism invades and grows but does not cause disease or infection
      • Disease occurs only after the pathogens multiply and cause problems with tissue function
chain of infection
Chain of Infection
  • Infectious agent
    • # and ability to produce disease
  • Reservoir
    • Places where the microorganism lives and survives: H2O, humans, animals, organic matter
  • Portal of exit – must leave host
  • Mode of transmission – how it gets from one to another
  • Portal of entry – must have entrance
  • Susceptible host – amount of defenses
modes of transmission
Modes of Transmission
  • Contact
  • Air
  • Vehicles
  • Vector
defenses against infection
Defenses Against Infection
  • Normal flora
  • Body system defenses
  • Inflammation
  • Immune response
health care associated infection
Health Care–Associated Infection
  • Patients with multiple illnesses, older adults, and the poorly nourished are more susceptible.
  • Those with HIV, diabetes mellitus, and malignancies have a lowered resistance to microorganisms.
  • Can be exogenous or endogenous
    • Exogenous: not part of normal body flora
    • Endogenous: part of normal body flora
  • Medical asepsis
    • Use of clean techniques
    • Hand hygiene, barrier technique, cleaning of environment and surfaces
  • Surgical asepsis
    • Highest level of protection
    • Use of sterile techniques
    • Surgical hand washing, gown, gloves, mask
    • Nurses use this technique when doing sterile dressings or treatments
knowledge base
Knowledge Base
  • Infectious diseases create feelings of anxiety, frustration, and anger.
  • Cultural, religious, or social beliefs influence reactions.
  • Beliefs about disease and vaccination influence vaccination decisions.
infection control12
Infection Control
  • Health promotion
    • Nutrition
    • Hygiene
    • Immunization
    • Adequate rest and regular exercise
what to do when an infection occurs in your patient
What to do When an Infection Occurs in Your Patient
  • Disinfect and sterilize all supplies
  • Good hand washing prevents the spread
  • Use of barriers, such as masks, gowns and gloves to control exposure
  • Isolate if necessary to prevent spread
treatment of an infection
Treatment of an Infection
  • Must identify the organism
  • Usually physician will prescribe and antibiotic
  • Increase fluid intake if patient condition allows
  • Allow for rest periods
  • Change dressings as needed and dispose of dressing in containers
  • May use compresses to site or may need to manage drainage tubes
controlling infections
Controlling Infections
  • Medical sepsis
    • Control or elimination of infectious agents
    • Cleaning
    • Disinfection and sterilization
    • Control or elimination of reservoirs
    • Control of portals of entry
    • Control of transmission
    • Hand hygiene
hand washing
  • Before contact with patients
  • Before putting on sterile glove
  • After removal of sterile gloves
  • After contact with patients skin
  • After contact with body fluids
  • After contact with contaminated equiptment
infection control17
Infection Control
  • Isolation and barrier protection
  • Standard precautions
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Specimen collection
    • Bagging
  • Removal of protective equipment
  • Transporting patients
infection control18
Infection Control
  • Role of infection prevention and control
    • Most health care facilities have infection control departments
    • Collect and report infections and identify needs
  • Health promotion in health care workers and patients
    • Immunizations for employees
    • Teaching reinforcement in infection control policies
    • Manage job related infections
    • Stay home if contagious