COA411 – the statement
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COA411 – the statement. Explains what the units will do to accomplish the assigned mission. COA411 – the statement (cont.). A generalization latice/hierarchy. ORGANIZATION. SUBCLASS-OF. MODERN-MILITARY-ORGANIZATION. SUBCLASS-OF. MODERN-MILITARY-UNIT--DEPLOYABLE. SUBCLASS-OF. SUBCLASS-OF.

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COA411 – the statement

Explains what the units will do to accomplish the assigned mission.



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A generalization latice/hierarchy

ORGANIZATION

SUBCLASS-OF

MODERN-MILITARY-ORGANIZATION

SUBCLASS-OF

MODERN-MILITARY-UNIT--DEPLOYABLE

SUBCLASS-OF

SUBCLASS-OF

MANEUVER-UNIT-MILITARY-SPECIALTY

AVIATION-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

SUBCLASS-OF

SUBCLASS-OF

ARMORED-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INSTANCE-OF

SUBCLASS-OF

BLUE-ARMOR-BRIGADE2

MECHANIZED-INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INSTANCE-OF

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

INSTANCE-OF

INSTANCE-OF

BLUE-MECH-BRIGADE1

BLUE-TASK-FORCE2

INSTANCE-OF

BLUE-TASK-FORCE3


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Feature definition

An object feature is itself characterized by several features which include: documentation, domain and range.

The domain is the concept that represents the set of objects that could have that feature.

The range is the set of possible values of the feature.

ASSIGNMENT

BLUE-TASK-FORCE2

SUPPORTING-EFFORT1

<OBJECT-FEATURE>

DOCUMENTATION

SUBCLASS-OF

"Indicates the assignment of a unit"

DOMAIN

ASSIGNMENT

MODERN-MILITARY-UNIT--DEPLOYABLE

RANGE

COA-ASSIGNMENT


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Feature hierarchy

<OBJECT

-

FEATURE>

DOCUMENTATION

"Indicates the assignment of a unit"

MODERN

-

MILITARY

-

UNIT

--

DEPLOYABLE

UPPER BOUND:

DOMAIN

MANEUVER

-

UNIT

-

MILITARY

-

SPECIALTY

LOWER BOUND:

ASSIGNMENT

COA

-

ASSIGNMENT

UPPER BOUND:

RANGE

MAIN

-

EFFORT

LOWER BOUND:

DOMAIN

ACTION

IS

-

ACTION

-

TYPE

-

FOR

RANGE

{"military offensive operation”, "military defensive operation”}

IS

-

SURPRISE

-

ACTION

-

FOR

IS

-

SECURITY

-

ACTION

-

FOR

"Indicates the context in which the action is considered as having an offensive nature”

DOCUMENTATION

ACTION

UPPER BOUND:

DOMAIN

IS

-

OFFENSIVE

-

ACTION

-

FOR

PENETRATE

-

MILITARY

-

TASK

LOWER BOUND:

UPPER BOUND:

{"military offensive operation”,"military defensive operation”}

RANGE

{"military offensive operation”}

LOWER BOUND:


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Example: Concepts definition

We can define a concept as being a sub-concept of known concepts and having additional features, as in the following example:

MILITARY-MANEUVER

MILITARY-ATTACK

COMPLEX-MILITARY-TASK

INDICATES-MISSION-TYPE

"military offensive operation"

SUBCLASS-OF

IS-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

PENETRATE--MILITARY-TASK

RECOMMENDED-FORCE-RATIO

3

HAS-SURPRISE-FORCE-RATIO

6

PENETRATE--MILITARY-TASK is a complex military task, a military maneuver, and a military attack. It indicates that a COA that has a penetration mission is an offensive COA. In the context of an offensive operation, a penetration should be considered an offensive action. The doctrinal recommended force ratio for a penetration is 3.0. A force ratio of 6.0 should be considered a surprisingly high force ratio.


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Example: Instance definition

ARMORED-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

MECHANIZED-INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INSTANCE-OF

INSTANCE-OF

ECHELON-OF-UNIT

BATTALION--UNIT-DESIGNATION

SOVEREIGN-ALLEGIANCE-OF-ORG

BLUE--SIDE

ASSIGNMENT

MAIN-EFFORT1

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

is a blue armored

and mechanized infantry

battalion

assigned to be main effort1.

It performs two tasks, penetrate1 and clear1. It has a regular strength and has the following units under its operational control: BLUE-MECH-COMPANY1, …

TASK

PENETRATE1

TASK

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

CLEAR1

TROOP-STRENGTH-OF-UNIT

REGULAR-STATUS

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-MECH-COMPANY1

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-MECH-COMPANY2

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-ARMOR-COMPANY1

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-ARMOR-COMPANY2


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Inheritance

MILITARY-TASK

MILITARY-MANEUVER

SUBCLASS-OF

MILITARY-ATTACK

COMPLEX-MILITARY-TASK

INDICATES-MISSION-TYPE

"military offensive operation"

SUBCLASS-OF

IS-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

PENETRATE--MILITARY-TASK

RECOMMENDED-FORCE-RATIO

3

HAS-SURPRISE-FORCE-RATIO

6

INSTANCE-OF

OBJECT-ACTED-ON

RED-MECH-COMPANY4

FORCE-RATIO

PENETRATE1

10.6

IS-TASK-OF-OPERATION

ATTACK2

TASK-HAS-PURPOSE

TASK

(missing element)

UNIT-ASSIGNED-TO-TASK

ASSIGNMENT

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

MAIN-EFFORT1

SOVEREIGN-ALLEGIANCE-OF-ORG

BLUE--SIDE


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Overall organization of the COA object ontology

<OBJECT>

GEOGRAPHICAL-REGION

PURPOSE

ACTION

ORGANIZATION

MILITARY-PURPOSE

EQUIPMENT

PLAN

MILITARY-EVENT

MILITARY-EQUIPMENT

MILITARY-OPERATION

MILITARY-TASK

MODERN-MILITARY-ORGANIZATION

SUBCLASS-OF

COA-SPECIFICATION-MICROTHERY


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Ontology of military organizations

MODERN-MILITARY-ORGANIZATION

MODERN-MILITARY-UNIT--DEPLOYABLE

MANEUVER-UNIT-MILITARY-SPECIALTY

AVIATION-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

ARMORED-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

BLUE-ARMOR-BRIGADE2

MECHANIZED-INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

BLUE-MECH-BRIGADE1

BLUE-TASK-FORCE2

BLUE-TASK-FORCE3

INSTANCE-OF

SUBCLASS-OF


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Representation of a specific organization

ARMORED-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

MECHANIZED-INFANTRY-UNIT--MILITARY-SPECIALTY

INSTANCE-OF

INSTANCE-OF

ECHELON-OF-UNIT

BATALLION--UNIT-DESIGNATION

SOVEREIGN-ALLEGIANCE-OF-ORG

BLUE--SIDE

ASSIGNMENT

MAIN-EFFORT1

TASK

PENETRATE1

TASK

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

CLEAR1

TROOP-STRENGTH-OF-UNIT

REGULAR-STATUS

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-MECH-COMPANY1

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-MECH-COMPANY2

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-ARMOR-COMPANY1

OPERATIONAL-CONTROL-MILITARY-ORG

BLUE-ARMOR-COMPANY2

COA411


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Ontology of military events

MILITARY-EVENT

MILITARY-OPERATION

MILITARY-TASK

MILITARY-MANEUVER

SCREEN--MILITARY-TASK

AREA-DEFENSE--MILITARY-OPERATION

PENETRATE--MILITARY-MANEUVER

SCREEN1

DEFEND1

DEFEND2

PENETRATE1

PENETRATE2

INSTANCE-OF

SUBCLASS-OF


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Representation of military tasks

MILITARY-TASK

SUBCLASS-OF

INDICATES-MISSION-TYPE

"military offensive operation"

IS-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR

DESTROY--MILITARY-TASK

"military offensive operation"

RECOMMENDED-FORCE-RATIO

2.5

INSTANCE-OF

OBJECT-ACTED-ON

RED-CSOP1

FORCE-RATIO

DESTROY1

20

TASK-HAS-PURPOSE

PREVENT-MILITARY-PURPOSE3

IS-TASK-OF-OPERATION

(missing element)

UNIT-ASSIGNED-TO-TASK

TASK

ASSIGNMENT

BLUE-TASK-FORCE2

SUPPORTING-EFFORT1

COA-411


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Representation of military tasks

MILITARY-TASK

IS-INDEPENDENT-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

IS-INDEPENDENT-ACTION-FOR

"military defensive operation"

SUBCLASS-OF

IS-SECURITY-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

SCREEN--MILITARY-TASK

IS-SECURITY-ACTION-FOR

"military defensive operation"

INSTANCE-OF

IS-ECONOMY-OF-FORCE-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

IS-ECONOMY-OF-FORCE-ACTION-FOR

"military defensive operation"

SCREEN1


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Representation of the structure of the COA

OPERATION-OF-COA

BLUE-BRIGADE-OP

COA-

SPECIFICATION-

MICROTHERY

MISSION-LEVEL-TASK-OF-COA

BLUE-BRIGADE-TASK

END-STATE-OF-COA

PLAN-TO-ACHIEVE1

HAS-DECISIVE-POINT

DECISIVE-POINT1

TOTAL-NBR-ACTIONS

11

INSTANCE-OF

TOTAL-NBR-OFFENSIVE-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

6

COA-MAIN-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

PENETRATE1

TOTAL-NBR-MAIN-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

1

TOTAL-NBR-SUPPORTING-EFFORTS-OFFENSIVE-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

4

COA411

COA-SUPPORTING-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

DESTROY1

COA-SUPPORTING-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

DESTROY2

COA-SUPPORTING-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

FIX1

COA-SUPPORTING-EFFORT-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

COA-SECURITY-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

FIX2

COA-SECURITY-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

COA-SECURITY-ACTION-FOR-MISSION

SECURE1

TOTAL-NBR-SECURITY-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

3

TOTAL-NBR-SURPRISE-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

0

TOTAL-NBR-DECEPTION-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

0

COA411

TOTAL-NBR-INDEPENDENT-ACTIONS-FOR-MISSION

0


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Representation of the main operation of COA411

CLOSE-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-TASK-FORCE1

MILITARY-OFFENSIVE-OP

CLOSE-UNIT-IN-MISSION

CLOSE-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-TASK-FORCE2

INSTANCE-OF

SECURITY-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-MECH-BATALION1

SECURITY-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-BRIGADE-OP

RESERVE-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-MECH-COMPANY8

REAR-UNIT-IN-MISSION

BLUE-MECH-PLT1

DEEP-OPERATION-TASK

DESTROY3

FIRE-OPERATION-TASK

SUPRESS1

COA-411


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Representation of the main task of COA411

PENETRATE--MILITARY-TASK

OBJECT-ACTED-ON

RED-MECH-REGIMENT2

IS-TASK-OF-OPERATION

BLUE-BRIGADE-OP

TASK-HAS-PURPOSE

ENABLE-MILITARY-PURPOSE1

INSTANCE-OF

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

PENETRATE1

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

CLEAR1

BLUE-BRIGADE-TASK

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

FIX1

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

CLEAR2

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

FIX2

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

CLEAR3

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

DESTROY1

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

DESTROY2

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

DESTROY3

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

SECURE1

SUB-TASKS--MILTARY

SUPRESS1

INDICATES-MISSION-TYPE

"military offensive operation"

IS-OFFENSIVE-ACTION-FOR

"military offensive operation"

COA-411