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BENEFICIAL USE OF COAL COMBUSTION WASTE & OTHER INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS: How States Can Make A Difference PowerPoint Presentation
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BENEFICIAL USE OF COAL COMBUSTION WASTE & OTHER INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS: How States Can Make A Difference

BENEFICIAL USE OF COAL COMBUSTION WASTE & OTHER INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS: How States Can Make A Difference

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BENEFICIAL USE OF COAL COMBUSTION WASTE & OTHER INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS: How States Can Make A Difference

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  1. BENEFICIAL USE OF COAL COMBUSTION WASTE & OTHER INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS: How States Can Make A Difference ECOS Spring Meeting March 22 – 24, 2009 Suzanne Bangert Deputy Administrator Air & Waste Division Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

  2. ECOS Resolution 08-14The Regulation of Coal Combustion Products • Supports the safe, beneficial reuse of CCW, including for geotechnical fill & civil engineering • Calls upon USEPA: collaborative dialogue with states to develop & promote a national framework for beneficial use of CCW including use principles and guidelines, and to accelerate markets development • CCP & Other Industrial Byproducts  Material • Many State Beneficial Use Programs • US EPA Partnerships

  3. ASTSWMO Beneficial Use Surveys: 1999 & 2006 • 80% of the 40 respondent states have programs • 64 waste materials • Multiple uses: fertilizer, soil amendment, raw material substitute, fill material…… • States implementing improved programs • Effective Management w/ regulatory oversight (categories, generic, case-by-case, risk-based) • Sparse State Resources • Few Measurements • Specific 2009 Survey – Coal Ash Management

  4. Wisconsin Beneficial Use Program: Key NR 538 Elements • Self implementing/Case-by-Case Approval • Five categories of industrial byproducts • Beneficial uses allowed for each category • Testing requirements & standards for each category • Notification of WDNR for larger projects • Annual reports on use to the WDNR • Property owner notification for geotechnical fill projects

  5. Establishment of Industrial Byproduct Categories and Types of Beneficial Uses in NR538

  6. Wisconsin Uses • Raw Material for Manufacturing • Cold Weather Road Abrasive • Confined & Unconfined Geotechnical Fill • Bonded & Un-bonded Surface Course • Waste Stabilization/Solidification • Supplemental Fuel Source • Decorative Stone • Re-burn of Landfilled Ash • Encapsulated Embankment • Capped Embankment • Landfill Daily Cover • Asphalt Roads

  7. System Sand Confined Geotechnical Fill (NR 538: Category 1 -4)

  8. Foundry System Sand ~ 50,000 yds. Industrial Park

  9. Flowable Fill Fly Ash - System Sand Mix

  10. WI Beneficial Use Rate • COAL ASH (2006) 1 86% 1,131,105 yds3 available • FGD – GYPSUM (2008) 90% 100,000 yds3 available FOUNDRY SAND & SLAG (2003) 45% 848,186 yds3 available • PAPERMILL SLUDGE (2003) 66% 1,730,000 yds3 available 1 Nationally Ash (2005) : 41% - 43% American Coal Ash Assoc. (2005)

  11. FGD Gypsum

  12. Fly Ash in Soil Cement Road Application

  13. Benefits of Use • Greenhouse gas emission reductions • Foundry Sands: 14 – 26 tons CO2/1000yds3 used* • Fly Ash: 0.70 tons CO2/ton as Portland Cement Sub.* • FGD gypsum: 0.09 tons CO2/ton in Wallboard* • Energy savings • Foundry Sands: 146 – 293 mBTUs/1000yds3 used* • Fly Ash: 4mBTUs/ton as Portland Cement Sub.* • FGD gypsum: 11.9mBTUs/ton in Wallboard* • Water Conservation • Conserves Landfill Space • Economic (generator and end-user) * Source: USEPA, February, 2008

  14. Federal Collaboration & Partnerships • US EPA Resource Conservation Challenge Program • C2P2 • Industrial Materials Recycling • Life Cycle Analysis • Risk Assessment Development • Recycled Materials Research Centers • Green Highways Partnership • By-product Synergy • US Business Council • US Dept. of Transportation

  15. Foundry Sands Collaboration • Multi-stakeholder Action Plan • Strategic effort to increase reuse and coordinate resources across all stakeholder groups • Establishes an industry goal to achieve 50% reuse by 2015 • ASTSWMO’s Beneficial Use Task Force helping to identify key challenges and action items • Builds on existing resources, including the EPA “State Toolkit for Developing Beneficial Reuse Programs for Foundry Sand” • Potential for ECOS involvement

  16. Challenges • Business Case for Industry & End-user • Sustainable Markets: local, regional, national • Infrastructure • Changing “Materials” (ex. Air emission controls) • Measurements • Public Acceptance/Perception • Resources • Regulatory Processes

  17. Future Considerations… • Continue collaboration amongst States, & with USEPA: • CCP Resolution Framework • Foundry Sands Action Plan • Larger Beneficial Use Framework • Risk Assessments, Life Cycle Analysis, Decision Tools • Connections with other federal agencies(Transportation, Commerce, Business Council) • Sustainable Markets Development including Public/Private Partnerships