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2005 Governor’s Conference for Women Fad or Fact? Confusions & Confessions about Healthy Diets Eleanor B. Pella, M.S., R.D., L.D.N. Public Health Nutrition Consultant Pennsylvania Department of Health Fad or Fact? Presentation Outline What FACTS do we know about our diets?

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2005 governor s conference for women fad or fact confusions confessions about healthy diets

2005 Governor’s Conference for WomenFad or Fact?Confusions & Confessions about Healthy Diets

Eleanor B. Pella, M.S., R.D., L.D.N.

Public Health Nutrition Consultant

Pennsylvania Department of Health

fad or fact presentation outline
Fad or Fact?Presentation Outline
  • What FACTS do we know about our diets?
  • What FACTS do we know about our health?
  • What FADS are beneficial, hope or hype?
  • What FUNCTIONAL FACTS can you use to evaluate diets and health?
  • What is your response to social marketing advertisements?
fad or fact confusion confessions about diets
FAD or FACT?Confusion & Confessions about Diets
  • What is your goal or objective?
  • Vanity & Physical Looks
  • Health & Quality of Life
slide5

FACT

DIAITA (dye-eh-shah)

A manner of LIVING:

Live to EAT Or Eat to LIVE

fact webster s definition of health

FACTWebster’s Definition of HEALTH

Sound mind, body & spirit

Freedom from physical disease

Flourishing condition

pennsylvania fact what we know about our diets
Pennsylvania FACTWhat we know about our diets
  • FIVE of the leading causes of death in Pennsylvania are related to food and lifestyle choices.
    • Heart Disease
    • Cancer
    • Diabetes
    • Hypertension
    • Stroke
pennsylvania fact what we know about our health
Pennsylvania FACTWhat we know about our health
  • 61% of adults in Pennsylvania are overweight with a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 25
  • 24% of those adults are obese with a BMI > 30

Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Pennsylvania Department of Health, 2004.

pennsylvania fact what we know about available healthy foods
Pennsylvania FACTWhat we know about available healthy foods
  • There were 43,870 acres of fresh produce harvested in Pennsylvania in 2003.
  • There are 31,628 eating and drinking establishments in Pennsylvania.
  • There are 166 Farmer’s Markets in Pennsylvania.

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Health, 2003

pennsylvania fact what we know about people s intake
Pennsylvania FACTWhat we know about people’s intake
  • Most adults need at least 3.5 cups of colorful fruits and vegetables a day to meet their nutritional needs.
  • 75% of adult Pennsylvanians do not eat the recommendation of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day.
research fact what we know about satiety
Research FACTWhat we know about satiety
  • Studies indicate that the VOLUME of food people eat is what makes them feel full and stop - not the calorie content of the food.

Source: Rolls, B.J., et all. (2004) Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104,1570-1576.

popular diets
Popular Diets
  • Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution & Atkins for Life
  • Dr. Dean Ornish – Eat More, Weigh Less
  • Dr. Phil McGraw’s Ultimate Weight Loss
  • South Beach Diet
  • Weight Watchers
popular diets that have faded into history
Popular DietsThat have faded into history
  • Barry Sears: The Zone
  • Beverly Hills Diet
  • Eat-To-Win
  • Pritikin Program
  • Rotation Diet
  • Scarsdale Diet
fact and fad
FACT and FAD
  • Number of gastric bypass surgeries performed in the United States
    • 1998: 13,365
    • 2002: 72,177
    • 2005: 100,000 (estimated)
fact weight loss
FACTWeight Loss
  • National Weight Control Registry
    • Established: 1993
    • Investigators: Dr. James Hill & Dr. Rena Wing
    • Criteria: 30 pound weight loss for at least 1 year
    • Enrolled: 4,500 participants
there are as many ways to get healthy as there are people in this room

There are as many ways to get HEALTHY (as there are people in this room)

What WAY will

work for YOU?

medical fact body mass index bmi

Medical FACT Body Mass Index (BMI)

Scientific SCREENING tool to

estimate RISK of chronic disease

physical fact love handles

Physical FACTLOVE HANDLES

Non-scientific tool to

estimate EXCESS body fat

physical fact shake wait watch

Physical FACTSHAKE, WAIT & WATCH

Non-scientific BRAVE way to face reality of health risks

fact body mass index bmi
FACTBody Mass Index (BMI)
  • Classifications:
    • Underweight: < 19
    • Healthy Weight: 19-24 (LEAST HEALTH RISK)
    • Overweight : 25-29
    • Obese: 30-40+

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

there s more to health than the bathroom scales or your bmi

There’s more to health than the bathroom scales or your BMI

How often do you

swim, dance, or walk?

remember the tv ad about wealth we make money the old fashion way we earn it

Remember the TV ad about WEALTH?We make money the old fashion way. We earn it.

Can the same be said of HEALTH?

We get health the old fashion way.

We work for it.

are we willing to work for health now

Are we willing to work for health now?

Or are we too busy???Do you have time to be UNHEALTHY?

fact low carbohydrate cho diets
FACT Low Carbohydrate (CHO) Diets
  • 1825: Jean Brillat-Savarin
    • “The Physiology of Taste”
    • French father of gastronomy
  • 1863: William Banting
    • Undertaker
    • Letter on Corpulence
  • 1870: Siege of France 1870
    • Diabetics (Type 1) improve
    • Word for dieting in England : banting
fact biology and human starvation
FACT Biology and human starvation
  • 1944: Ancel Keys develops “K” rations
  • 1950: Ancel Keys’ Biology of Human Starvation
    • Conscientious Objectors
    • 1200 calories/day
fact the history of the atkins diet
FACTThe History of the Atkins Diet
  • 1972: The Atkins Diet
  • 1990: The Atkins Revolution
  • 2002: Atkins for Life
slide27

FACT

10 out of 10 humans bodies prefer CARBOHYDRATE

as the fuel of choice

fact voted best by humans
FACTVoted BEST by Humans
  • Carbohydrate (CHO) – BEST fuel source; clean and efficient
  • Protein (PRO) – BEST repair service
  • Fat (FAT)– BEST insulation and energy reserve
fact homeostasis plan a when there is cho
FACTHomeostasis Plan A(when there is CHO)
  • Brain and central nervous system (CNS) require CHO/glucose for energy source
  • Red blood cells require CHO/glucose for energy (no mitochondria!)
fact homeostasis plan b when there is not enough cho
FACTHomeostasis Plan B (when there is not enough CHO)
  • Overall game plan: SURVIVAL
  • Body uses PRO or FAT for energy
  • FAT requires CHO to break it down
  • When no CHO is available, the body uses KETONES
fact a minimum of 50 100 grams of cho is needed each day to spare protein

FACTA minimum of 50-100 grams of CHO is needed each day to SPARE Protein.

Not all CHO are created equal.

The VALUE is in the wholeness.

fact what foods make for health
FACTWhat foods make for health
  • WHOLE Grains
  • Green, orange, red & blue/purple VEGGIES & FRUIT
  • Fiber
  • PLANT fats
  • Legumes
fact what makes good health
FACTWhat makes good health
  • Moderation
  • Balance
  • Exercise
fact everyday healthy choices
FACTEveryday Healthy Choices
  • National campaign
    • American Cancer Association
    • American Diabetes Association
    • American Heart Association
contact information
Contact Information

Eleanor B. Pella, M.S., R.D., L.D.N.

Public Health Nutrition Consultant

Pennsylvania Department of Health

717-346-3979

Mpella@state.pa.us

www.health.state.pa.us

Have faith in fiber!

Thank you for your time!