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... the blood flow can not be understood until the anatomy is learned. ... When you feel comfortable with the anatomy you can click the link to the Blood ...

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a beginner s guide to the heart

A Beginner’s Guide to the Heart

By: Sandra Malagon

Enter Here

what would you like to review today
What would you like to review today?

Blood Flow

Anatomy

Click!

Click!

Or would you like to skip to the quiz?

Quiz

Click!

slide4

Intro

This review only includes the basic anatomy components of the heart. The veins and arteries that are included are the major arteries and veins needed for circulation. Please review as many times as needed because the blood flow can not be understood until the anatomy is learned. Remember not to stress out and have fun!

directions
Directions
  • Look carefully at the parts of the heart, then study the name next to it.
  • If you want to try and name them by yourself click on the link to the empty heart.
  • In the empty heart you can click on the question mark and it will identify the correct name, only click on the question mark after you have identified it yourself. Press the Empty Heart button and NOT the next arrow to continue reviewing!!!!
  • When you feel comfortable with the anatomy you can click the link to the Blood Flow to continue your review.
  • Note: Disregard the arrows on the heart they will come in handy during the blood flow portion of the review.
slide6

Review all the parts at once

Click!

Review the parts one by one

Click!

slide8

Empty Heart

Choices

Left Ventricle

Right Ventricle

Left Atrium

Right Atrium

Aorta

Pulmonary Arteries

Pulmonary Veins

Tricuspid Valve

Aortic Valve

Pulmonary Valve

Mitral Valve

Superior Vena Cava

Inferior Vena Cava

slide9

Empty Heart

You have chosen theRight Atrium

Right Atrium

Empty Heart

slide10

Empty Heart

You have chosen theLeft Atrium

Left Atrium

Empty Heart

slide11

Empty Heart

You have chosen theRight Ventricle

Right Ventricle

Empty Heart

slide12

Empty Heart

You have chosen theLeft Ventricle

Left Ventricle

Empty Heart

slide13

Empty Heart

You have chosen thePulmonary Arteries

Pulmonary

Arteries

Empty Heart

slide14

Empty Heart

Aorta

You have chosen the Aorta

Empty Heart

slide15

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Pulmonary Veins

Pulmonary

Veins

Empty Heart

slide16

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Tricuspid Valve

Tricuspid

Valve

Empty Heart

slide17

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Aortic Valve

Aortic

Valve

Empty Heart

slide18

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Pulmonary Valve

Pulmonary

Valve

Empty Heart

slide19

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Mitral Valve

Mitral

Valve

Empty Heart

slide20

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Superior Vena Cava

Superior

Vena Cava

Empty Heart

slide21

Empty Heart

You have chosen the Inferior Vena Cava

Empty Heart

Inferior

Vena Cava

slide23

Intro

One important thing that you must keep in mind is that understanding blood flow of the heart is very complicated, even if this review only covers the basics, it can still get complicated.

Don’t Stress Out, just review until you feel comfortable.

slide24

Directions

  • Carefully review each part and how it relates to blood flow.
  • Trace the arrows as you read through the steps.
  • After reviewing each part and tracing the blood flow, recite in chronological order how the blood flows.
  • When you feel comfortable with the information, click on the link to the quiz.
slide25

Blood coming from the different parts of the body may enter the heart either through the Superior or Inferior Vena Cava. This is the path that it takes:

  • Superior/inferior vena cava
  • Right Atrium
  • Tricuspid Valve
  • Right Ventricle
  • Pulmonary Valve
  • Pulmonary Arteries
  • Out to the lungs
  • Blood coming from the lungs enter the heart through the Pulmonary veins. This is the path that it takes:
  • Pulmonary veins
  • Left Atrium
  • Mitral Valve
  • Left Ventricle
  • Aortic Valve
  • Aorta
  • Out to the body
slide26

Quiz

Click!

slide27

Question #1

In the following picture which part of the heart is the yellow arrow pointing to? Click on the answer.

Left Ventricle

Pulmonary Artery

Aorta

slide28

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

click!

slide29

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide30

Question # 2

If you were tracing the blood flow and you started in the mitral valve and ended in the tricuspid valve, which choice best describes the steps you would take? Click on the answer you think is right.

A. Mitral Valve  R.Ventricle  Aortic Valve  Aorta  Body Superior Vena Cava R.Atrium  Tricuspid Valve

B. Mitral valve  L.Ventricle  Aortic Valve Aorta  Body Superior Vena Cava  R. Atrium Tricuspid Valve

C. Mitral Valve  L.Ventricle  Pulmonary Valve  Aorta  Body  Superior Vena Cava  R. Atrium  Tricuspid Valve

Hint:

slide31

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

click!

slide32

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide33

Question # 3

Through what structure does the blood enter the heart if it is coming from the lungs? Click on correct answer.

A. Pulmonary Arteries

B. Pulmonary Veins

C. Superior/Inferior Vena Cava

slide34

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

click!

slide35

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide36

Question #4

What part of the heart is this arrow pointing to? Click on the answer.

Left Ventricle

Mitral Valve

Right Ventricle

slide37

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide38

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide39

Question #5

After blood goes through the Aortic Valve where does it immediately go next? Click on the correct answer.

Pulmonary Arteries

Aorta

Left Atrium

slide40

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide41

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide42

Question #6

If you start from the Left Atrium and want the blood to go out to the body, which of the following paths would best describe the path the blood would take? Click on the correct answer.

A) L. Atrium  L. Ventricle  Mitral Valve  Aorta  Out to the body

B) L.Atrium  Mitral Valve  R. Ventricle  Aortic Valve  Aorta  Out to body

C) L. Atrium  Mitral Valve  L. Ventricle  Aortic Valve  Aorta  Out to body

slide43

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide44

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide45

Question # 7

What part of the heart are the yellow arrows pointing to? Click on the correct answer.

Pulmonary Arteries

Pulmonary Veins

Aorta

slide46

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide47

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide48

Question #8

Blood that is leaving the heart on its way to supply the body parts leaves through what part? Click on the correct answer.

Aorta

Superior/Inferior Vena Cava

Pulmonary Arteries

slide49

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide50

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide51

Question #9

What part of the heart is the yellow arrow pointing to? Click on the right answer.

Pulmonary Veins

Superior/Inferior Vena Cava

Pulmonary Arteries

slide52

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide53

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide54

Question #10

What part of the heart is the yellow arrow pointing to? Click on the correct answer.

R. Ventricle

Tricuspid Valve

R. Atrium

slide55

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide56

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide57

Question #11

What is the yellow arrow pointing to? Click on the correct answer.

Tricuspid valve

Left Ventricle

Pulmonary Valve

slide58

Correct!

Good Going!

You’re Awesome!

Click!

slide59

I’m sorry!

Please try again!

Click!

slide61

References:

The following two sources were used in the preparation of this review:

Tortora, G., Introduction to the Human Body: The Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. 3rd Edition, Harper Collins 1994.

www.tmc.edu/thi/anatomy.html