buildings what s the problem
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buildings what s the problem

Buildings:what’s the problem?

Sherman Clarke

New York University Libraries & Art NACO

ALA Midwinter: SACO-At-Large

San Antonio, January 2006

[email protected]

issues for catalogers particularly those in art architecture or historical collections
issues for catalogers, particularly those in art/architecture or historical collections
  • name and body may share name, may not
    • construction of “artificial” names for building, e.g., Banca Commerciale Italiana Building (New York, N.Y.) [670 = Phone call to Paul Cohen, archivist at Lehman Brothers in New York City. Building now owned by Banca Commerciale Italiana and known by that name]
    • “-- Buildings” as subdivision under corporate names
  • historical names: resource in hand may be about building under earlier name, particularly important in picture collections
    • buildings can change name, function, even location
  • venues for exhibitions (space vs organizing group)
slide3
ARLIS/NA Cataloging Advisory Committee proposed LCRI to CPSO
    • http://artcataloging.net/ala/mw04/bldg2002.html
  • SAC Task Force on Named Buildings and Other Structures
    • http://www.ala.org/ala/alctscontent/catalogingsection/catcommittees/subjectanalysis/nbos/nbos.htm (final report and appendix of examples)
some buildings act like corporate bodies
some buildings act like corporate bodies …
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
  • Palazzo ducale di Colorno
  • St. Bartholomew’s Episcopal Church (New York, N.Y.)
  • Scotiabank
  • Pierpont Morgan Library
  • Carnegie Library (San Antonio, Tex.)
  • Orpheum Theater (Manchester, N.H.)

HINT: all of these headings appear in LC/NAF, based on AACR

some corporate bodies act like buildings
some corporate bodies act like buildings …
  • Williamsburgh Savings Bank Building (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y. : Broadway)
  • Carnegie Mansion (New York, N.Y.)
  • Villa Rotonda (Vicenza, Italy)
  • SONY Building (New York, N.Y.)
  • Palazzo ducale (Sassuolo, Italy)
  • Orpheum Theatre (Sioux Falls, S.D.)

HINT: all of these headings appear in LC/SAF, based on SCM:SH

or both
... or both
  • Museo di Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy)
  • Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy)
    • [SAF] Scope Note Here are entered works on the Palazzo vecchio as a building. Works on the museum housed within the Palazzo are entered under the name heading Museo di Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy).
  • Salone dei Cinquecento (Palazzo vecchio, Florence, Italy)
or not
... or not?
  • Palazzo ducale (Mantua, Italy) [heading on n 88215117]
  • Museo di Palazzo ducale (Mantua, Italy) [reference/variant]
  • [one of 670s] references on sh 88006052: Castello dei Gonzaga (Mantua, Italy), Ducal Palace (Mantua, Italy), Gonzaga Castle (Mantua, Italy), Reggia dei Gonzaga (Mantua, Italy))
saf naf
SAF/NAF
  • “divided world”: related to capability for authorship
    • buildings, ancient sites, artist groups
  • ease of record creation (SACO Program has eased the process of creating SH proposals; as with name authority work, internet resources can often help in verifying names of structures)
slide9
FRBR
  • entities in groups
    • Group 1: work, expression, manifestation, item
    • Group 2: persons, corporate bodies (capability of authorship)
    • Group 3: concept, object, event, place (subjects)
  • corporate bodies vs. FRBR objects
    • classes of objects vs. individual objects in those classes
aacr2 earlier rules
AACR2 & earlier rules
  • institutions (e.g., churches, monasteries, public libraries, museums, theaters, hospitals)
  • name changes
    • AACR2 uses sequence of headings
    • SCM:SH uses latest name
issues for catalogers particularly those in art architecture or historical collections continued
issues for catalogers, particularly those in art/architecture or historical collections(continued)
  • historical names: resource in hand may be about building under earlier name, particularly important in picture collections
  • venues for exhibitions (space vs organizing group)
overview of scm sh h 1334
overview of SCM:SH H 1334
  • model
    • heading: [name of structure] ([geographic qualifier])
    • reference(s): [alternate name(s)] (geog. qualifier)
    • broader term: [type of structure] $z [country or first-order subdivision]
  • direct order entry
  • preference for vernacular for post-1500 entities; preference for English for pre-1500 if well-established name in English
  • latest name
lcsh or aat
LCSH or AAT
  • AAT doesn’t include individual buildings and building complexes
  • may be useful for building types
  • mixing vocabularies can be problematic
  • proposing LCSH based on AAT
sources for building names
sources for building names
  • National register information system - http://www.nr.nps.gov/
  • Philadelphia architects and buildings - http://www.philadelphiabuildings.org/pab/
  • The great buildings collection - http://www.greatbuildings.com/gbc.html
  • The dictionary of art - online as http://groveart.com
  • Avery index to architectural periodicals(Avery Library, Columbia University and Getty Trust)
  • Google and other web browsers
more sources for building names and related issues
more sources for building namesand related issues
  • your colleagues via:
    • SACOLIST
    • ARTNACO
    • SACO Mentor Program
  • more information on the buildings problem including links to reports of the SAC Task Force on Named Buildings and Other Structures
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