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The UK Charts and how they've changed. Are they still relevant? Why?

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Presentation Transcript
some history
Some History
  • The UK singles chart was first compiled and published in 1952, originally as a publicity stunt by the New Musical Express to increase circulation sales over another rival newspaper
  • The Top 12 chart quickly became very popular and soon thereafter record companies incorporated the chart into their press releases.
slide3
During the sixties, the singles chart generated many imitators, each vying for the coveted top official chart of the country. This caused major confusion because different sectors of the society such as the general public, the press, and the record industry chose different record charts as their own guide as to what the top singles of the country were. Because of this, an official and more accurate chart emerged in 1969
slide4
For the fist time, a professional polling group was organized and they compiled the sales statistics from 500 record companies into the official Top 40 chart. This finally gave a more precise indication of actual record sales from one source.
  • Today, the UK singles chart is organized by The Official UK Charts Company. The Top 75 and 200 lists are printed in Music Week and ChartsPlus magazines respectively, while the Top 40 list is published online.
slide5
How?
  • Approximately 6,500 UK retail stores and most UK online digital download sites contribute the sales data.
  • Although the official chart contains the top 75 singles, the full chart consists of the top 200.
  • Only the Top 40 chart gets exposed to a wider audience via the radio, specifically BBC Radio 1.
singles chart rules october 2007
Singles Chart – rules October 2007
  • Provides feedback on UK single sales.
  • Records only genuine purchases by genuine customers across all formats. Remember, a ‘record’ is any medium on which the music exists. This is limited to 3 physical formats per single and excludes any imports from foreign markets for sale in the UK.
  • All physical formats carry a UCN (unique catalogue number) which is scanned at POS and monitored centrally by Millward Brown (external company employed as product research by the UK charts company)
  • Record companies can not encourage sales unduly by, for example, providing records for exchange free of charge.
album chart rules 2008
Album chart – rules 2008
  • Album is defined as over 25 minutes or four tracks or more.
  • For digital purposes, where 80% of original format content is downloaded this counts towards overall album sales.
  • The number of formats, digital and physical, that can contribute to sales figures is unlimited,
changes
Changes
  • LONDON (Reuters) - Unsigned pop-punk band Koopa became the first unsigned group to have a top 40 hit under new rules governing Internet music sales on Sunday Jan 14th 2007.
  • The trio's single "Blag, Steal & Borrow" entered the chart at number 31 on the back of Internet download sales alone, according to the Official UK Charts Company.
  • Under the old rules, downloads only counted towards an artist's chart position if a physical copy of their single was on sale in the shops.
more information
More information
  • http://www.theofficialcharts.com/
  • GO THERE!!!
question
Question:
  • How useful are the UK record sales charts and do you believe they have a future?
    • Think about:
    • How these reception statistics are fed back to
      • The audience
      • The industry
    • Relationship of charts to the rest of the industry (NOT JUST ON PRODUCTION, PLEASE!)
    • Timeline of technological advances to the charts and the effects they have had.