What to Do if a Student Has a Seizure - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What to Do if a Student Has a Seizure
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What to Do if a Student Has a Seizure

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  1. What to Do if a Student Has a Seizure Marcus Simmons Itawamba Community College Information provided by: The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke & Epilepsy Ontario

  2. Seizures Contents • Types and Description of Seizures • Video content of Seizure Examples • What to do if you see someone having a seizure with convulsions and/or loss of consciousness • When to call 911 • After the Seizure • Seizures without convulsions or loss of consciousness

  3. Types of Seizures • There are 2 main types of Seizures • Primary Generalized Seizures • Generally associated more with heredity issues • Begins with electrical discharge in a widespread manner affecting both sides of the brain • Partial Seizures • Generally associated with head trauma, brain infection, strokes, and or tumors • The is an electrical discharge limited to one area of the brain

  4. Primary Generalized Seizures • Some of the different kinds of seizures under this category are: • Absence Seizures (Same as petit mal) • Atypical Seizures • Myoclonic Seizures • Atonic Seizures • Tonic Seizures • Clonic Seizures • Tonic-Clonic Seizures (Same as Grand Mal)

  5. Absence Seizures

  6. Tonic Clonic Seizures

  7. Partial Seizures • Some of the different kinds of seizures under this category are: • Simple Partial Seizures • Complex Partial Seizures • Secondary Generalized Seizures

  8. Simple Partial Seizure & Nocturnal Seizures

  9. Complex Partial Seizures

  10. If you see someone having a seizure with convulsions and/or loss of consciousness. • Roll the person on his or her side to prevent choking on any fluids or vomit • Cushion the person’s head • Loosen any tight clothing around the neck • Make sure the person’s airway is open (Only if not breathing tilt the person’s head back some and hold the jaw open) • Do not restrict the person from moving unless they are in danger

  11. Continued… • Do not put anything into the person’s mouth; not even fluids or medicine – this can cause choking and damage to the tongue, teeth, or jaw. • Please Note: Contrary to popular believe People cannot swallow their tongues. • Remove sharp or hard objects away from the person during the seizure • Please Note: Note how long the seizure occurred and the symptoms exhibit so that you might tell medical personnel later • Always stay with the person until the seizure has ended

  12. When to Call 911 • Always best to call and alert Campus police • Specific situations in which you should definitely call: • The person is pregnant or has diabetes • The seizure happened in water • The seizure lasted for more than 5 minutes • The person did not start breathing or having trouble breathing • Another seizure starts before the person has regained consciousness • The person injures themselves during the seizure • If you think this is the person’s first seizure or if you are not sure

  13. After a Seizure – What to expect and what to do • What to expect: • The person may be groggy and tired • They may be confused, embarrassed or disoriented • They may have and complain of a headache • What to do: • Be patient with the person • Assure them everything is alright • Try to make them comfortable • Try to question the person about any areas that might hurt them; to get an idea if there has been an injury during the seizure

  14. What to do for a Non-Convulsive Seizure • Recognizing the non-convulsive seizure • This might be hard because non-convulsive seizure can appear in many different ways. The person may walk aimlessly, make odd gestures, mumble, or perform other odd and uncustomary acts • What to do: • Remember the person has no control over their actions at this point • Remove any dangerous objects from the person’s path • Do not try to stop the person from walking, unless they are in danger. • Do not shake the person or shout • Stay with the person until they are completely alert and over the seizure

  15. To Learn More About Seizure Disorders you may look at the following sites: • This site gives a very good overall view of Seizure definitions, descriptions, and treatments. http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch085/ch085a.html

  16. All video InformationProvided through: Epilepsy Ontario Suite 3081 Promenade CircleThornhill, OntarioCanadaL4J 4P8 info@epilepsyontario.org