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The Solar System CS255 PowerPoint Presentation Stacy Stefaniak Introduction The Solar System is the sun and everything that orbits around it. The Solar System is made up of the 9 planets, the sun, comets, and meteors.

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the solar system

The Solar System

CS255 PowerPoint Presentation

Stacy Stefaniak

introduction
Introduction
  • The Solar System is the sun and everything that orbits around it.
  • The Solar System is made up of the 9 planets, the sun, comets, and meteors.
  • The planets are separated into two groups: The Inner Planets and The Outer Planets based on how close they are to the sun.
the sun
The Sun
  • The sun is a star. It is the hottest, largest, and brightest object in our Solar System.
  • The sun is mostly made up of Hydrogen.
  • The sun is the start of our Solar System. It is very important to life on earth.
the 9 planets
The Inner Planets

Mercury

Venus

Earth

Mars

The Outer Planets

Jupiter

Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

Pluto

The 9 Planets
mercury
Mercury
  • Mercury is bare and rocky.
  • It has many craters and a lot of dust.
  • Mercury is the closest planet to the sun.
  • Mercury is the second smallest planet.
  • It can get up to 784F and as cold as –297F.
venus
Venus
  • Venus has thick, yellow clouds made of poisonous Sulfuric Acid.
  • Venus is mostly flat with a few mountains.
  • There is very little water on Venus.
  • Venus is the hottest planet. It can get as hot as 900F.
earth
Earth
  • Earth is the only planet that can have life.
  • 70% of the surface is covered with water.
  • Layers of gas surround the earth to protect life.
  • The earth has one moon.
earth s moon
Earth’s Moon
  • The moon is the second brightest object in the Solar System.
  • The moon doesn’t have an atmosphere.
  • The moon has highlands and craters.
  • FAQ’s about the moon–

Moon Madness

slide10
Mars
  • Mars is known as the Red Planet.
  • Mars has many channels and craters.
  • People once believed life existed on Mars.
  • It has the largest volcano in the solar system. It is called Olympus Mons.
  • Mars has 2 moons.
jupiter
Jupiter
  • Jupiter is the largest planet.
  • It is a ball of liquid, not solid like the first 4 planets.
  • Jupiter has many storms. The biggest one is called the Great Red Spot. These storms can last for years.
jupiter s rings and moons
Jupiter’s Rings and Moons
  • Jupiter is surrounded by rings.
  • One ring is made up of pebbles, rocks, and boulders and another is made up of a ring of hot gas.
  • Jupiter has 16 moons. The largest is named IO. IO has many active volcanoes.
saturn
Saturn
  • Saturn is composed of gasses.
  • Saturn is the 2nd largest planet in the Solar System.
  • Saturn has clouds made up of frozen ammonia crystals.
  • The clouds can blow up to 1,000mph.
saturn s rings
Saturn’s Rings
  • Saturn’s rings are over 160 thousand miles across.
  • The rings are wide, but they are only 50 miles thick.
  • The rings are not solid, they are made up of ice balls.
saturn s moons
Saturn’s Moons
  • Out of all of the planets, Saturn has the most moon. It has 20. Scientists think it may have more.
  • Titan is the most interesting moon. It has a thick atmosphere and scientists think it may have water on its surface.
uranus
Uranus
  • Uranus was discovered in 1781.
  • Uranus is 4 times bigger than the earth.
  • Uranus is made up of gasses.
  • Uranus orbits the sun on its side. Why? Scientists believe it was hit by an object and tilted.
uranus rings and moons
Uranus’ Rings and Moons
  • The rings of Uranus weren’t discovered until 1977!
  • There are 13 rings and they are chunks of an unknown black material.
  • Uranus has 15 moons.
  • On the moon Miranda, there are 3 mile high cliffs of ice.
neptune
Neptune
  • Neptune was discovered in 1846.
  • Until then, many scientists thought it was a star.
  • Strong, icy winds cover the planet in the form of storms.
  • Neptune is made up of liquid Methane gas.
neptune s rings and moons
Neptune has 2 rings, however there may be 5.

They are made up of tiny frozen pieces of materials.

Neptune has 8 moons.

Triton is the biggest moon.

Triton is colder than any other object in the Solar System. It has a temperature of –391F.

It also has ice volcanoes that shoot Nitrogen ice and gas.

Neptune’s Rings and Moons
pluto
Pluto
  • Pluto is thought to be the last planet in the Solar System.
  • We cannot get a clear view of Pluto because it is so far away.
  • Pluto was discovered in 1930.
  • Pluto has one moon, Charon. Charon is almost the same size as Pluto.
asteroids
Asteroids
  • Asteroids are mini planets. They are chunks of rocks and metals that circle the sun.
  • The asteroids located between Jupiter and Mars are called the “Asteroid Belt.”
meteors
Meteors
  • When pieces of asteroids break off, they become meteors.
  • They streak through the sky toward earth.
  • When the pieces hit the earth, they are called meteorites.
comets
Comets
  • Comets are patches of light that appear in the sky.
  • Comets are balls of dirt that circle the sun.
  • One of the main sources for comets is the Oort Cloud.
  • The Oort cloud surrounds the entire Solar System!