LIN 5700 Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition. Session Notes Dr. Elia Vázquez-Montilla. The Big Question. “How are we to account for the fact that virtually every child, without special training, exposed to surface level language data in interaction, builds for himself ----
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Dr. Elia Vázquez-Montilla
“How are we to account for the fact that virtually every child,
J. W. Lindfors, Children’s Language and Learning, 1980.
It has rules.
It has a sound system, a vocabulary, and a grammar system.
Languages have private codes.
Change is essential.
Languages are shaped by the needs of the speakers.
Writing is a derivative of speech.Basic Ideas about Language:
1 word stage (holophrastic)
pivot words (2 word stage)
Similar to first language acqusition
“Picking up” a language
May not be in conscious awareness
Formal teaching does not necessarily help
Formal knowledge of a language
Knowing about a language
Deliberate and conscious efforts
Formal teaching helpsAcquistion vs. Learning
Children are born with a genetic inheritance for learning.
Learning occurs entirely through the action of the environment shaping the individual’s behavior.
Behavior is shaped through reinforcement.
Structures and functions in the biological makeup cause language to be learned.
Regardless of environment, child can learn language if biologically equipped.
Environment affects the rate of learning.Theories about language acquisition
cognitive development (and thus language) is a product of interaction between child and environment.
There is a fixed sequence of development determined biologically.
Children are born with innate capacity to develop logical thought. From this thinking, they develop language.
Language and cognition develop together with verbalized thought produced around 2 years of age.
Social interaction at base of language development.
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is range of possibility for higher learning or language development.More theories...