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ZigBee. A very low cost, low power consumption two-way, wireless communications standard for automation, toys, & PC peripherals. Cellular technologies. WLAN technologies. PAN technologies. Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook. 2000. Range Meters. GSM. GPRS. 10,000. Ricochet. 1,000.

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ZigBee


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    1. ZigBee A very low cost, low power consumption two-way, wireless communications standard for automation, toys, & PC peripherals

    2. Cellular technologies WLAN technologies PAN technologies Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook 2000 Range Meters GSM GPRS 10,000 Ricochet 1,000 HomeRF OpenAir 100 802.11b RF-Lite Bluetooth Bandwidth kbps 10 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000

    3. Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook 2000 2000 2001-2 Range Meters GPRS EDGE GSM 10,000 Ricochet 1,000 802.11b HomeRF OpenAir 100 RF-Lite Hiper LAN/1 Bluetooth Bandwidth kbps 10 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000

    4. Wireless Connectivity Industry Outlook 2000 2000 2001-2 Range Meters 2003-4 GSM GPRS EDGE 3G 10,000 Ricochet 1,000 HomeRF 802.11a RF-Lite OpenAir 100 Hiper LAN/2 Bluetooth 2.0 Bluetooth Bandwidth kbps 10 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000

    5. 802.11a standard ratified 2002/03 HiperLAN 1 ratified in 1996 First 802.11a products on the market ZigBee ratified (802.15.4) RF-Lite (ZigBee) SIG created 802.11b standard ratified ZigBee Products on the market HiperLAN 1 products on the market HiperLAN 2 standard ratified in 2000 BT 2.0 standard rolled out BT special interest group becomes public, and BT 1.0 initial specs released 1st BT devices on market, BT 1.1 standard rolled out HiperLAN 2 will premier Industry Outlook 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

    6. Network Clusters will grow in the Home Pre 2001 Model TV VCR Audio System STB Camcorder... SATELLITE TERRESTRIAL CABLE OWN CONTENT PHONE AV Net PC Printer Scanner... MODEM PC Net xDSL Phone Fax... Tel Net Environmental Security Medical Domestic app… H.Auto Net

    7. Entertainment Productivity GATEWAY H.Auto Net Network Clusters will Interconnect/inter-operate in Home and Away 2001 Model and beyond TV VCR Audio System STB Camcorder... SATELLITE TERRESTRIAL CABLE xDSL PHONE BB Wireless PC Printer Scanner... Phone Fax Environmental Security Medical Domestic app…

    8. BOM/Node Price Development based on Dataquest, Instat and BMA Communications $ • New technologies will lead to a sharp demand decrease in cost for the different applications • Sharp demand decrease leads on the other hand to step increase in customer demand • For 2000/1, • <300kps; BOM < $6.00 • <22Mbps; BOM < $20-30 • >22Mbps; BOM < $60-70 • For 2003/4, • <300kps; BOM < $2.50 • <22Mbps; BOM < $8-18 • >22Mbps; BOM < $20-35

    9. ZigBee

    10. Example Market Sectors · Mouse · TV · Keyboard · VCR · Joystick · DVD Consumer Gamepad · · CD · … Electronics · Remote · … Personal PC Healthcare Peripherals · Monitors Low-End Radio · Diagnostics · Sensors Devices … · · Security Home · PETs · HVAC Automation Toys & · Gameboys · Lighting · Educational · Closures Games … … · ·

    11. Market Size – Low Data Rate (No BT) Source: ABI, Dataquest, Internal

    12. Market Segmentation 2000 - 2004 • Industrial Applications will drive initial • market • Home Environment will become • Important • Over time, there will be varied • Applications (Other)

    13. Target Applications 1 • Desktop PCs and Home Entertainment Systems (Home Theatre TV) • Computer peripherals; • HID devices • Video conference equipment • Remote control • Video gaming equipment • Multi-player PC & video games • Playing a PC DVD game in front of a TV monitor • Remote controls for audio and video equipment • PC Enhanced & stand alone toys • In-room coverage • Home+yard coverage

    14. Target Applications 2 • Home appliances/general consumer electronic devices • Existing home security systems, electrical & heating systems • Wireless door and opening monitoring, system control • Wireless Keypads • Smoke and flame detectors • Lighting and remote control of appliances in the home; • Blinds/Shades • Pool/Spa equipment • Garage door openers • Voice Control • New device categories that have not yet been developed, such as news tablets, and keyboards with built-in displays

    15. Success Factors • Low cost • Data type support • Ease of installation • Reliable data transfer • Short range operation • Reasonable battery life • Unlicensed band • Unrestricted geographical use • Global implementation • Governmental regulations

    16. Protocol Features • Master/slave topology • Automatic network configuration • Dynamic slave device addressing • Virtual peer-to-peer links (pairing) • Full handshaking for packet transfers • Power management features • Up to 254 (+ master) network nodes

    17. Protocol Features Cont... • CSMA-CA channel access mechanism • 15ms frame structure • TDMA slots can be allocated • 28kbps & 250kbps data throughput • Service discovery • Low impact internet capability

    18. Frequency Bands 2400.0 2483.5 2446.5 2475.0 • 2.4GHz ISM band • Channel spacing: 4MHz • F = 2404 + 4k MHz with k = 0, 1, …, 25 • Common band: • USA, Europe including France and Spain • 2446.5 – 2475.0 MHZ • k = 15, …, 22; equals 8 channels • 915MHz ISM band USA only • 868MHz Europe USA Europe Spain* France* Japan* Common * Harmonization with FCC in progress

    19. Raw Bit Rates • 250kbps • 28kbps low bit rate option: • Trade data rate for extra range via coding • Over air bit rate remains 250kbps • Longer preamble and SOP • reliable synchronisation at low SNR

    20. Range Estimation (meters) Approx. x2 Using Firefly TRD/RSI propagation model

    21. Summary Solution that effectively addresses the needs of the target market place with: • Low data rate (<250Kbps) • Low cost (~ BT/2) • Very low power (6 months - 2 years on 2 AA batteries.) • Network Solution