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Herpetology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Herpetology . Salamanders. Salamanders . Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Amphibia Order: Caudata Family: Genus: Specific:. Family: Cryptobranchidae . Eastern Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. 5 toes on hind foot

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  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Subphylum: Vertebrata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Caudata
  • Family:
  • Genus:
  • Specific:
family cryptobranchidae
Family: Cryptobranchidae

Eastern Hellbender

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis

  • 5 toes on hind foot
  • Gill slits
  • Huge
  • Breathes from folds on sides
family proteidae
Family: Proteidae

Common Mudpuppy

Necturus maculosus maculosus

  • External gills
  • Four toes on feet
family salamandridae
Family: Salamandridae

Red spotted Newt

Notophthalmus v. viridescens

  • Longitudinal ridge on head
  • No costal grooves
  • No nasolabial grooves
family ambystomatidae
Family: Ambystomatidae

1) Ambystoma barbouri

Streamside Salamander

2) Ambystoma texanum

Small-mouthed Salamander

3) Ambystoma jeffersonianum

Jefferson Salamander

4) Ambystoma maculatum

Spotted Salamander

5) Ambystoma opacum

Marbled Salamander

stream side and small mouth
Ambystoma barbouri

Found in Wayne county

Has a small mouth

The barber by the stream from Wayne Co.

Ambystoma texanum

Found in Wood county

Small mouth

Stream-side and Small Mouth
stream side salamander
Stream-side Salamander

Ambystoma barbouri

  • Found in Wayne county
  • Has a small mouth
  • Black or brown color
  • Toes do not meet
small mouthed salamander
Small-mouthed Salamander

Ambystoma texanum

  • Found in Wood, Mason counties
  • Small mouth
  • Toes do not meet
  • Black / brown color
  • Short face
jefferson salamander
Jefferson Salamander

Ambystoma jeffersonianum

  • Has a flat head
  • Slender
  • Long long toes
spotted salamander
Spotted Salamander

Ambystoma maculatum

  • Has spots
  • Dark color
  • 2 rows of spots down back
  • Costal grooves
  • Chunky salamander
marbled salamander
Marbled Salamander

Ambystoma opacum

  • Black and white hourglass spots on back
  • Chunky Monkey
green salamander
Green Salamander

Aneides aeneus

  • Head is broad and flat
  • Toe tips are square and expanded
  • Slender
family plethodontidae17

Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Desmognathus

northern dusky salamander
Northern Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus fuscus

  • Bottom lighter than belly
  • Spots on back random
  • Keeled tail
  • Distinct lines down sides
seal salamander
Seal Salamander

Desmognathus monticola

  • No strip at sides
  • Belly is pale
  • Keeled tail
  • Back is darker with scallop like spots
allegheny mountain dusky salamander
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus ochrophaeus

  • Looks like 2 line but mouth downward
  • Slender
  • Line from eye to mouth
  • Light line down back
black bellied salamander
Black-Bellied Salamander

Desmognathus quadramaculatus

  • Costal grooves
  • Nasolabial grooves
  • Line from eye to mouth
  • Black body, brown head
  • Keeled tail
black mountain salamander
Black Mountain Salamander

Desmognathus welteri

Not on Lab Exam

family plethodontidae23

Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Gyrinophilus

spring salamanders
Spring Salamanders
  • Gyrinophilus p. porphyriticus


  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi

Kentucky Spring Salamander

  • Gyrinophilus subterraneus

West Virginia Spring Salamander

spring salamanders26
Spring Salamanders
  • Nasolabial grooves
  • Central pedicel
  • Line posterior from eye toward back of body
  • Keel on tail
  • Spots on back
  • Lighter belly
family plethodontidae27

Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Hemidactylium

four toed salamander
Four-toed Salamander

Hemidactylium scutatum

  • Tail longer than body
  • Tail pinched at base
  • 4:4 toes
two lined salamanders
Two-Lined Salamanders
  • Eurycea bislineata

Northern Two-lined Salamander

  • Eurycea cirrigera

Southern Two-lined Salamander

two lined salamanders32
Two-Lined Salamanders
  • Narrow black line down both sides
  • Light mid-dorsal strip
  • Slender
long tailed salamander
Long-tailed Salamander

Eurycea l. longicauda

  • Yellow in color
  • Spotted on back
  • Lateral black bars on the tail
  • No spots on belly
  • Tail longer than body
cave salamander
Cave Salamander

Eurycea lucifuga

  • Tail longer than body
  • Irregular black spots and dashes
  • Big eyes
  • Slender
family plethodontidae35

Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Plethodon

eastern red backed salamander
Eastern Red-backed Salamander

Plethodon cinereus

  • Nasolabial grooves
  • Costal grooves
  • Large line down back
  • Spotted (salt and pepper) belly
  • Slender
plethodon large slimy
Plethodon (large) Slimy
  • Plethodon cylindraceus

White-spotted Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon glutinosus

Northern Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon kentucki

Cumberland Plateau Salamander

slimy salamanders
Slimy Salamanders
  • Spots uniformly distributed along body
  • Lighter chin
plethodon small
Plethodon (small)
  • Plethodon electromorphus

Northern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon hoffmani

Valley and Ridge Salamander

  • Plethodon nettingi

Cheat Mountain Salamander

  • Plethodon richmondi

Southern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon virginia

Shenandoah Mountain Salamander

plethodon small41
Plethodon (small)
  • Small
  • Slender
  • Dark Bodies
  • Worms with legs
plethodon large
Plethodon (large)
  • Plethodon wehrlei

Wehrle’s Salamander

  • Plethodon punctatus

Cow Knob Salamander

wehrle s or cow knob

Cow Knob

Wehrle’s or Cow Knob
  • Dark salamander
  • Lighter throat
  • White spots mainly along sides (faint)
family plethodontidae46

Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Pseudotriton

midland mud salamander
Midland Mud Salamander

Pseudotriton montanus diastictus

  • Nasolabial groove (faint)
  • Central pedicel
  • 30 –40 spots scattered
  • Salmon, red color
northern red salamander
Northern Red Salamander

Pseudotriton r. ruber

  • Nasolabial grooves
  • Costal grooves
  • Irregular black dots (40+)
  • No spots at end of tail
  • Belly pale