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Development of air quality models in Chile. by Rainer Schmitz Department of Geophysics University of Chile Research Center Karlsruhe IMK-IFU, Germany. First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003 . Use of air quality models in Chile.

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development of air quality models in chile
Development of air quality models in Chile

by

Rainer Schmitz

Department of Geophysics

University of Chile

Research Center Karlsruhe IMK-IFU, Germany

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

use of air quality models in chile
Use of air quality models in Chile

Institutions and their respective models:

  • CENMA (Casmassi)
  • University of Santiago (Neural Networks)
  • Chilean Weather Office (MM5)
  • CONAMA/CENMA (AIRVIRO, HIRLAM/MATCH)
  • Catholic University (UAM, CAMx, CALMET)
  • University of Chile

Department of Geophysics

(CADM, MM5, MM5/Chemistry (MCCM), WRF)

Center for Mathematical Modelling (HIRLAM/MATCH)

  • Others (KAMM/DRAIS)

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

santiago de chile
Santiago de Chile

40km

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

santiago de chile typical synoptic situations
Santiago de ChileTypical synoptic situations

Winter

Summer

20 S

50 S

Garreaud et al., 2002

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

slide5

Problems for winter air quality forecast

PM10 concentrations between June 20-22, 2000

Emissions

Surface winds at 21 hrs (LT)

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

slide6

Actual Forecast

Diagnostic air

quality data

Multiple regression

analysis

Forecast

Diagnostic meteo-

rology data

Neural network

Forecast

Subjective meteo-

rological forecast

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

model development pm10
Model developmentPM10

Mixing layer height according to MM5 forecast

Concentrations in Pudahuel and Parque O'Higgins

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

slide8

Model developmentPM10

Diagnostic air

quality data

Multiple regression

analysis

Forecast

Diagnostic meteo-

rology data

Neural network

Forecast

Prognostic meteoro-

logical data from NWP

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

dynamical models with forecasting potential
Dynamical models with forecasting potential

CADM (Chilean Air pollution Dispersion Model)

Off-line

Meterology: MM5

Gas phase: RADM2

Aerosols: MADE/SORGAM

MM5/Chemistry (MCCM)

On-line

Meteorology: MM5

Gas Phase: RADM2

Aerosols: MADE/SORGAM

WRF/Chemistry

On-line

Meteorology: WRF

Gas Phase: RADM2

Aerosols: MADE/SORGAM

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

cadm co
CADM (CO)

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

cadm ozone
CADM (Ozone)

Las Condes

mg/m3

Seminario

mg/m3

Observation

Simulation

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

problems for summer air quality forecast
Problems for summer air quality forecast
  • Emission inventories
  • Model validation

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

slide13

WRF/Chemistry

PM10

PM2.5

(from NOAA/FSL)

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

slide14

MM5/Chemistry

Aerosols

Ozone

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

computational infrastructure
Computational infrastructure
  • Linux Cluster
    • 10 nodes with dual Pentium 4 processors
    • SCALI interconnect
  • Digital alpha 4100

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003

resources
Resources
  • Economic resources
    • Present: Funding from CONAMA
    • Future: Research projects, private sources
  • Human resources
    • Master students

First Air Quality Workshop for the GURME Latin America project, Santiago de Chile, 2003