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Maximizing Learning and Savings by Going Green Maximizing Learning and Savings by Going Green Ken Sidebottom, CEM, LEED AP Program Manager, Sustainable Building Solutions Johnson Controls, Inc. What does it mean to be Green ?

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Maximizing Learning and Savings

by Going Green

Maximizing Learning and Savings

by Going Green

Ken Sidebottom, CEM, LEED APProgram Manager, Sustainable Building SolutionsJohnson Controls, Inc.

what does it mean to be green
What does it mean to be Green?
  • One common issue facing decision makers today is how to address environmental issues – from volatile energy costs to the mammoth issue of climate impact from carbon fuel based pollution/ghg
  • Proactive plan and approach to minimize the environmental footprint of your organization/institution
  • You must measure what you want to manage
  • Develop Green metrics to track success

Sustainability Defined

To be sustainable is to define success by financial results, as well as environmental and social performance -- the triple bottom lineof sustainability.

why go green why create a sustainable learning environment
Why go green? Why create a sustainable learning environment?
  • Rising Energy & Operations Costs
  • U.S. Dependence on Fossil Fuels = US Energy Security Issues - Transportation & Utilities are top 2 users of fossil fuels….
    • Buildings
    • Vehicle Fleets (Buses & Maintenance Trucks, Equipment, etc.)
  • Reducing Buildings Impact on the Climate –
    • Pollution & GHG
    • Weather Pattern & Severity Changes
  • Improving Indoor Environment = Student/Faculty/Staff Productivity Improvements
    • Higher test scores for students
    • Teacher attraction and retention
a green building project addresses more than just the building
A Green building project addresses more than just the building……..

Green Building

Green Landscaping and Green Transportation

Green Operations, Services, Products, Programs and Procurement

A green, sustainable facility incorporates

all three elements

who is going green
Who is going green?

19 Federal agencies use LEED as standard

40-50 cities, higher education facilities and others have mandated LEED

NACo Green Government initiative

US Conference of Mayors Climate Initiative

Energy Independence and Security Act 2007

Clinton Climate Initiative Building Retrofit Program

American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment

Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education

Collaboration for High Performance Schools

USGBC/Clinton Climate Build Green Schools initiative

USGBC /CCI Green Existing Buildings via guaranteed savings programs

Green Grid (IT)

Green Guide for Healthcare

Architecture 2030

BOMA 7-Point Challenge/CCI Center for Energy and Climate Solutions



Private Sector

benefits from a green environment green schools and campuses ft 2
Benefits from a Green Environment Green Schools and Campuses ($/ft2)
  • Energy
  • Emissions
  • Water and Wastewater
  • Increased Earnings
  • Asthma Reduction
  • Cold and Flu Reduction
  • Teacher Retention
  • Employment Impact
  • Subtotal
  • NET BENEFITS (Direct)











$71 ($16)

Source - Greening America’s Schools: Costs & Benefits Report by Greg Katz

Sponsoring Organizations:

  • American Federation of Teachers
  • American Institute of Architects
  • American Lung Association
  • Federation of American Scientists
  • U.S. Green Building Council
benefits of green schools and campuses
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Lower Construction Costs
    • Reduced site preparation and landscaping
    • Lower waste disposal costs by 50 to 98 percent
  • Reduced operating costs
    • Lower utility costs by 20-50 percent (33% average)
    • Reduced water use/cost by 20-50% (32% average)
  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions (annually per school)
    • 1200 lbs of nitrogen oxide
    • 1300 lbs of sulfur dioxide
    • 585 lbs of carbon dioxide
    • 150 lbs of particulate matter
benefits of green schools and campuses9
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Higher Student Attendance & Test Scores
    • Lower absenteeism of students by 10-20%
    • Improved test scores by approximately 15% because improved comfort, lighting and indoor air quality
  • More Productive Environment for Faculty & Staff
    • Better teacher attraction/retention
    • Less absenteeism by 45%
    • Higher productivity up to 16%
benefits of green schools and campuses10
Benefits of Green Schools and Campuses
  • Reduced Insurance and Risk of Liability
    • Healthy occupants, greater occupant satisfaction
    • Lower environmental impacts
    • Streamlined regulatory approvals
  • Higher Visibility and Marketability
challenge on how to fund your sustainable green initiatives
Challenge on how to fund your sustainable green initiatives
  • Challenge has always been how to fund and repair
  • facilities
    • Budget cuts year after year in the M&O budgets in order to minimize budget cuts in education. But the learning environment does affect the student's performance and there is now general acceptance in K12 and Higher Education that this concept is true.....students performance improves in a safe, comfortable and healthy efficiency retrofit of facilities.
    • Benefits that are realized by 'greening efforts.’
    • PLUS the facility can reduce their operating costs long term.
how can it be measured
How can it be measured?
  • CHPS
  • Green Globes
  • BOMA 360
  • APPA Green Cleaning Survey
  • What gets measured must get done


Healthy Schools

Economic Return

cost savings plus so much more
Cost savings plus so much more


Green Performance Contracting

A more comfortable, safe and sustainable world AND money savings

leed categories all rating systems
LEED Categories – All Rating Systems

Sustainable Sites

Materials & Resources

Water Efficiency

Energy & Atmosphere

Indoor Environmental Quality


Regional Priority


LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M Points

  • Sustainable Sites
  • Water Efficiency
  • Energy & Atmosphere
  • Materials & Resources
  • Indoor Environ. Quality











  • Innovation in Operations
  • Regional Priority
  • TOTAL Points Available

LEED EB O&M – Detailed Review

  • (110 Possible Points)
  • Points Required
  • 40-49 Points
  • 50-59 Points
  • 60-79 Points
  • 80+ Points
  • Levels of Certification
  • Certified
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Platinum
leed eb o m minimum project requirements
LEED EB O&M Minimum Project Requirements
  • Building must be occupied for at least 12 months with 75% occupancy rate or greater per industry standards for building type
  • 90%+ of the building SF must be included in LEED Certification (Up to 10% SF exclusion allowed but only for areas with separate use/management practices)
  • Must meet all regulatory requirements for hazardous material management (PCB/Asbestos/Mercury in lamps) & waste water discharge
  • Min. 3 month performance period required for all credits pursued (One year minimum for Energy)

LEED K-12 Participants*

  • Cincinnati, Ohio Public Schools
  • Hawaii Public Schools
  • Illinois Public Schools (51)
  • Manatee Co., Florida Public Schools
  • Matanuska-Susitna Borough Public Schools, AK
  • Montgomery Co., Maryland Public Schools
  • State of Maryland (44)
  • New Jersey Public Schools
  • New Orleans Public Schools
  • New York Public Schools (39)
  • Ohio Public Schools (138)
  • Pennsylvania Public Schools (72)
  • State of California (52)
  • State College, PA Area Public Schools
  • State of Florida (43)
  • State of New Mexico (40)
  • State of Texas (51)
  • Sate of Virginia (42)
  • Syracuse New York Public Schools
  • Sweetwater Union HS District, California
  • Washington DC Public Schools
  • Washington State Public Schools

* Legislation in place to LEED Certify schools as of 6/1/09

(XX) Number of LEED Registered schools per state


LEED University Participants*

  • Arizona State University
  • Ball State University
  • Bowdoin College
  • Brown University
  • California Polytechnic State University Carnegie Melon University
  • Clemson University
  • Claremont McKenna College
  • Connecticut College
  • Dartmouth College
  • Duke University
  • Emory University
  • Florida State University
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Harvard University
  • Lewis & Clark College
  • Los Angeles Community College District
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Northwestern University
  • Omaha Metro Community College
  • Peralta Community College District
  • Pitzer College
  • Pomona College
  • Princeton University
  • Rice University
  • Santa Clara University
  • State University of New York
  • University of California
  • Central Florida University
  • University of Cincinnati
  • University of Connecticut
  • University of Florida
  • University of North Carolina
  • University of Oregon
  • University of Richmond
  • University of South Carolina
  • University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • University of Vermont
  • University of Washington/Washington Community Colleges

* Legislation & mandates in place to LEED Certify schools as of 6/1/2009


What is GreenPerformance Contracting

for Schools & Campuses?

Green Performance Contracting integrates the goals and objectives of a Green Building Rating System (LEED EB, CHPS, etc.) into the Energy Savings Performance Contracting Process to:

  • Improve performance of existing buildings
  • Address outstanding facility needs
  • Improve operational efficiencies and reduce costs
  • Create a sustainable green environment for students, faculty & staff
  • Achieve points/credits toward future green building certification
  • Demonstrate environmental & social stewardship to local community
  • Be a “change agent” for a Green Future
  • Fund projects with operational and energy savings generated from facility improvement measures (FIM’s)
  • Document & measure results
green performance contracting for existing school buildings k 12
GreenPerformance Contracting for Existing School Buildings (K-12)
  • LEED EB O&M and CHPS are applicable for existing buildings
  • 97,000+ existing public school buildings
  • 6.6 billion square feet of space on over 1 million acres of land
  • Over 49 million public school students
  • More than 70% of buildings built before 1970
  • Schools spend over $7.8 billion on energy each year
  • Students and faculty spend 85-90% of their time indoors
  • Studies show that student achievement can be positively impacted by:
    • improved ventilation
    • comfortable classroom temperatures
    • Increased day lighting
  • Schools buildings with comfortable environments attract and retain teachers and staff
green performance contracting for existing school buildings higher education
GreenPerformance Contracting for Existing School Buildings (Higher Education)

4,300 U.S. colleges and universities with almost 18 million students

Average age of education building is 40 years

Colleges and universities spend close to $2 billion each year on energy

The average university campus would save $250,000 just by changing the way it operates. That's the equivalent of 122 cars of the road or 612 tons of CO2.

Higher Education spent $17.8B on construction in 2008, up from $12.7B the year before. Expenditures grew 35% for new construction and 48% for additions and modernizations.

Two-thirds of students indicate the quality of campus facilities is essential or very important

Over 640 signatories of the President’s Climate Commitment for carbon neutrality


Why Green Performance Contracting for Schools and Campuses?

  • Top Sustainability Needs:
  • Reduce energy usage across all operations
  • Increase the use of energy from renewable sources
  • Reduce levels of greenhouse gas emissions
  • Simplify/streamline the reporting of energy and environmental data
  • Extend the effective life of equipment and assets
  • Reduce operating costs across the organization
  • Reduce the impact of energy cost volatility
  • Increase use of energy-efficient building systems and equipment
  • Reduce the cost of operations through energy efficiency and/or emissions credits
  • Demonstrate environmental & social stewardship bullets no ranking
leed eb o m rating system performance contracting impact
LEED EB O&M Rating System Performance Contracting Impact
  • Levels of Certification
  • Certified
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Platinum
  • Points Required
  • 40-49 Points
  • 50-59 Points
  • 60-79 Points
  • 80+ Points

25-53 points

60% of points needed for Certification!

Possible Silver!!!

american recovery reinvestment act arra
American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA)

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is a $787 billion dollar Federal investment into the U.S. economy. The goals of the Recovery Act are to create jobs and stimulate the economy. These investments will be distributed through 130 separate funds. Each fund has unique set of rules that cover allocation, distribution, and implementation of the investments. All projects funded by ARRA will be tracked and monitored by the Federal Government.

Now that we’ve defined ARRA, let’s talk about funds specific to education.

arra education funding will help to drive the following goals

Source: Ruth Fremson/New York Times

ARRA education funding will help to drive the following goals

Bolster budgets

  • Maintain budgets and ensure educators are employed
  • Provide training to teachers to improve education effectiveness
  • Improve buildings to enhance educational experience
  • Address overcrowded schools and campuses with new buildings
  • Implement green building standards

Build and renovate schools and campuses

  • Upgrade to 21st century classrooms
  • Advance student achievement through use of technology

Focus of our discussion

Invest in technology for our future

facility improvements can provide additional benefits that are core to your educational mission
Facility improvements can provide additional benefits that are core to your educational mission
  • Lower O&M budget benefits all stakeholders
  • Higher job satisfaction can reduce turnover
  • Flexible facility design can accommodate growing student populations
  • Physical & virtual security upgrades promote safer schools
  • Newer, cleaner, brighter and more comfortable classrooms promote staff and student productivity

Facility Upgrades

A safer, healthier & more comfortable learning environment

Lower energy costs,

Fewer unscheduled repairs

Reduced environmental impact

wide variety of solutions are possible with arra funds green pc k 12 case studies
Wide variety of solutions are possible with ARRA funds & Green PC : K-12 Case Studies

Wyandotte Public Schools

Spring Branch School District

  • Energy Star School District
  • Challenges
  • Obtain relief from rising energy costs
  • Re-certify all buildings as Energy Star
  • Educate students on renewable energy
  • Improve external aesthetics of Roosevelt High school without drawing from capital budget
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • HVAC enhancements throughout district
  • High efficiency windows, doors, and partial roof replacement
  • Installed Johnson Controls Metasys BAS system
  • Installed 10 kW solar PV solution at Wilson Middle School
  • Results
  • Guaranteed energy and operational savings of $6.9 million throughout 15-year contract term
  • Energy Star certification for all 12 buildings…a first in Michigan
  • Increased Comfort and Reduced Utility Costs
  • Challenges
  • Decrease utility bill while expanding facilities
  • Manage high temperature variability
  • Improve maintenance response time and reduce project backlog
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • Retrofit 22,000 light fixtures and install solar film on 7,000 windows
  • Install Metasys to centrally operate facilities
  • Implement preventative maintenance program to reduce occupant complaints and Increase equipment life
  • Results
  • $3.1 million in energy savings in first two phases,
  • Savings allowed additional buildings to be included in final phase
  • Reduced daily comfort complaints and increased maintenance response time
wide variety of solutions are possible with arra funds green pc higher education case studies
Wide variety of solutions are possible with ARRA funds & Green PC : Higher Education Case Studies

Tallahassee Community College

University of Central Oklahoma

  • Energy Savings Help College Expand
  • Challenges
  • Keep pace with rising enrollments
  • Manage energy costs to maintain low student/faculty ratio
  • Maximize efficiency of operations staff
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • Energy management systems
  • Automated temperature controls
  • Network all 35 buildings for remote control
  • Results
  • Expand campus by 35%
  • Held increasing energy costs to only 15% despite increase of 270,000 sq ft
  • Never closed a building due to mechanical equipment failure
  • Delivering Quality Learning Environment
  • Challenges
  • Aging facilities, deferred maintenance led to complaints
  • Lack of funds to address issues
  • Johnson Controls Solutions
  • 20-year Performance Contract for upgrades to lighting, water, central plant, thermal storage
  • Planned service agreement for HVAC services by team of 6 engineers and 3 onsite technicians
  • Results
  • Identified utility bill errors resulting in $132k rebate
  • Negotiated new rate structures
  • Saving more than $850,000 annually
  • Multiple “green campus” awards
  • Happier campus occupants
the path to sustainability
The Path to Sustainability
  • Plan & Commit: Identify your vision, define sustainability and understand where you want to go.
  • Assess: Benchmark and inventory where you are today
  • Prioritize: Evaluate options for improvement and perform cost/benefit for each option
  • Implement: Make the recommended changes that are cost effective
  • Communicate: Both the intent and results to internal and external stakeholders