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National Inventories (NI) as a tool to support the implementation of National Programmes in the framework of the International Treaty (ITPGR). Siegfried Harrer. German Centre for Documentation and Information In Agriculture (ZADI) Information Centre for Biological Diversity (IBV)

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National Inventories (NI)

as a tool to support the implementation

of National Programmes in the framework of the

International Treaty (ITPGR)

Siegfried Harrer

German Centre for Documentation and Information In Agriculture (ZADI)

Information Centre for Biological Diversity (IBV)

Bonn, Germany



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International Treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

After seven years of negotiations, the FAO Conference adopted the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources (ITPGR) for Food and Agriculture, in November 2001.

Article 28:

.... shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of the fortieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, provided that at least twenty instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession have been deposited by Members of FAO.

31 instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession have been already deposited


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International Treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

This legally-binding Treaty covers all plant genetic resources relevant for food and agriculture.

Article 2:

.... plant genetic resources for food and agriculture means any genetic material of plant origin of actual or potential value for food and agriculture.

It is in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity.


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Establisment on a multilateral system: agriculture

International Treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

Objectives of the Treaty:

  • conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA

  • fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use

  • to facilitate access

  • to share the benefits in a fair and equitable way

Coverage: 64 major crops and forages (Annex I)


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Article 13.2(a): Benefit-sharing / exchange of information agriculture

....contracting parties shall agree to make available information which shall, inter alia, encompass catalogues and inventories,......

International Treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

Article 14: Global Plan of Action

Recognizing that the rolling Global Plan of Action .....is important to this Treaty, Contracting Parties should promote its effective implementation.....

Supporting components

especially priority activity areas

15. Building strong National Programmes

16. Promoting networks for PGRFA

17. Constructing comprehensive information systems for PGRFA


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International Treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

Article 15: Ex situ collections of PGRFA held by the IARCs

Article 16: International PGR Networks

Supporting components

Article 17: Global Information Systems on PGRFA

....parties shall cooperate to develop and strengthen a global information system to facilitate the exchange of information, based on existing information systems.........such exchange of information will contribute to sharing of benefits........


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National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -

  • PGR activities coordinated at national level

  • National Programme formally established (21/03/02)

  • Genebanks* with national PGR responsibilities exist

  • *Genebanks have been specified under this term in the National Programme. Genebanks

  • and other PGR holding institutions are cooperating in the frame of the

  • National Programme voluntarily.


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WG Horticultural CropsIn situ /

On farm

BEKO/PGR

WG ECP/GR

WG ........

Advice / Coordination /

Supervision of the Programme

Federal &

Laender Gov.

Research

Institutions

NGOs & Private

Sector

Contribution according to expertise

and available capacities

Implementation of the Programme

National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -

Developed under the leadership of the German Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture

Involvement of other relevant actors, in particular representatives of the Federal and Laender governments, as well as of research institutions, breeding organisations and non-governmental organisations.

Based upon the structure of the GPA and its four main areas (1) in-situ conservation and development, (2) ex-situ conservation, (3) utilisation and (4) capacity building.

Supervision of the programme by an advisory and co-ordination committee (BeKo)


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National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -

Objectives:

To maintain the diversity of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) and their wild relatives (in situ and ex situ) for a long-term in a cost-efficient and scientifically-sound way;

To promote the use of PGR e.g. through better characterisation, evaluation, documentation and pre-breeding;

To sustainably use a wider range of agricultural and horticultural (including ornamental) crops in market oriented production;

To promote the conservation and rehabilitation of agricultural and horticultural ecosystems;

To promote greater transparency in the shared responsibilities of the competent authorities at the Federal and Laender levels and among all stakeholders involved;

To exploit synergies from closer co-operation at national and international levels.

http://www.genres.de/pgr/nationales_fachprogramm/


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effective NI needed Horticultural Crops

Selected Priority Activities (as for 2003)

Transfer of the Braunschweig collection of the Federal Centre for Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants (BAZ) to the genebank of the Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK).

Transfer of the responsibility for the fruit genebank of IPK to BAZ.

Establishment / update of an inventory of PGRFA in situ and on farm in Germany.

Collaboration in the ECP/GR, e.g. support to the establishment of a conservation system for PGR by sharing of responsibilities in Europe.

Establishment of a national inventory for ornamental crops.

Establishment of a public-private partnership for the evaluation of PGR in Germany.

Integration of the distributed relevant data in the National Inventory on PGR in Germany (PGRDEU) developed under the leadership of the German Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture.

National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -


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National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -

  • PGR activities coordinated at national level

  • National Programme formally established (21/03/02)

  • Genebanks* with national PGR responsibilities exist

  • *Genebanks have been specified under this term in the National Programme. Genebanks

  • and other PGR holding institutions are cooperating in the frame of the

  • National Programme voluntarily.


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National Programme for Genetic Resources of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

- Implementation in Germany -

Need for central documentation

In addition to the 5 national genebanks there are

45 other PGR holding institutions (mainly for fruits

and grapevine).

BAZ = Federal Centre for Breeding research on Cultivated Plants

IPK = Institute for Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research


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IPK Malchow Horticultural Crops

Fodder Crops

38 PGR holding

institutions for

fruits

National Inventory on PGR in Germany - PGRDEU

Data flow

IPK

Groß Lusewitz

Potato

IPK

Gatersleben

Genebank

for

Hop

Genebank

for

Tobacco

National Inventory PGRDEU

End of 2003

End of 2003

7 PGR holding

institutions for

grapevine

BAZ Siebeldingen

Grapevine

BAZ Dresden

-Pillnitz Fruits



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National Inventory on PGR in Germany - PGRDEU - Information Offer

genebanks

BIG

National Inventory

EPGRIS /

EURISCO

WIEWS

other /

internet

www.genres.de/pgrdeu

other PGR

holding

Institutions


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National Inventory Offer

  • Central Tool:

  • Access

  • Coverage

  • Liability

  • Sustainability

Conclusion

ITPGR

(legally binding)

GPA

(legally not binding)

Article 13.2 (a): Exchange of information

Article 14: Global Plan of Action

Article 17: Global Information System

priority activity areas

15. Building strong National Programmes

16. Promoting networks for PGRFA

17. Constructing comprehensive information systems for PGRFA

National Programme PGR

(German example, legally not binding)

Integration of the distributed relevant data in the National Inventory on PGR in Germany (PGRDEU)