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Making Accommodations for Diverse Learners. EEX 3257 Week 4. What  are  accommodations?. Changes made to accommodate the WAY students learn and/or HOW they are tested Techniques / support systems that help students with special needs Legal requirements for students with disabilities.

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what are accommodations
What  are  accommodations?
  • Changes made to accommodate the WAY students learn and/or HOW they are tested
  • Techniques / support systems that help students with special needs
  • Legal requirements for students with disabilities
what kind of problems might require accommodation
What kind of problems might require accommodation?
  • Organizing information meaningfully
  • Relating new knowledge to old knowledge
  • Remembering large quantities of info
  • Breaking down complex concepts
  • Understanding abstract concepts
  • Analyzing to solve problems / draw conclusions
  • Motivation / seeing the importance of learning
six principles of effective instruction
Six Principles of Effective Instruction
  • Focus on big ideas
  • Use conspicuous strategies
  • Use mediated scaffolding
  • Make linkages obvious and explicit
  • Activate prior knowledge
  • Review for fluency / generalization
what can you change
Input

Instruction

Materials

Output

Participation

Assessment

Rate

Speed

Amount

Support

Independent

Group work

What can you change?
when should i make accommodations
When should I make accommodations?
  • Before Instruction
  • During Instruction
  • After Instruction
when should i make accommodations cont
When should I make accommodations? (cont.)
  • Before Instruction
    • Planning in a different way
      • Graphic Organizers
        • Highlight big ideas
        • Connect ideas / concepts
      • Thematic Instruction
        • Combines content from different subject areas
        • Can make essential ideas more apparent and meaningful
      • Projects
        • Provides flexibility
        • Allows for differentiation
        • Grouping can vary
when should i make accommodations cont8
When should I make accommodations? (cont.)
  • During Instruction
    • Delivering instruction in a different way for different students
    • Instructional methods
    • Materials
when should i make accommodations cont9
When should I make accommodations?(cont.)
  • After Instruction
    • Review
    • Assessment
what are some simple accommodations i can use cont
What are some simple accommodations I can use?(cont.)
  • Cover text so that only one portion shows at a time so it’s not overwhelming
  • Careful, simple, uncluttered worksheets
  • Fold paper into sections for each response
  • Mark paper to show where to start/stop; use smaller paper / variety of mediums
  • Study carrels / partitions
  • Duplication of materials - home / school
  • Reduce length or give more time
last thoughts
Last Thoughts...
  • Don’t do it alone…
    • ESE teacher
    • Speech / language / vision specialist
    • Guidance counselor
    • Parents
    • Students themselves
  • Reflect on your effort…it’s a JOURNEY
references
References
  • Chalmers, L.  (1992).  Modifying curriculum for the special needs student in the regular classroom.  Moorehead, MN: Practical Press.
  • Florida Dept of Education  (1999).  Assisting students with disabilities:  A guide for educators.  Tallahassee, FL:  Clearinghouse Information Center.
  • Kame’enui, E., et al. (2002).  Effective teaching strategies that accommodate diverse learners.  Columbus, OH:  Merrill-Prentice Hall.
  • Wood, J.  (2002).  Adapting instruction to accommodate students in inclusive settings.  Columbus, OH:  Merrill-Prentice Hall.