International Law Law between nations Addressing global challenges Three approaches: Unilaterally, through individual nation-states. Multilaterally, through international organizations (particularly the UN) and international law. Citizen movements Protests of globalization
Law between nations
500,000 people from 77 countries. No formal organization. Heard about it from the Internet.
Multilateralism, working through international organizations, including international courts.
The primary actor in this arena is the United Nations.
Efforts still underway:
1. nation-states recognized as the primary international actors.
2. effort to secure long-term peace. Not successful, but it was the first of many such efforts in 19th & 20th centuries.
1. Duration or passage of time.
2. Substantial uniformity or consistency of usage by the affected nations
3. Generality of the practice or degree of abstention
4. International consensus (need not be unanimous) that the custom is binding.
International custom evolves slowly through compromise and consistency of application.
A court’s authority to hear and decide a case. In U.S. law, the Constitution & Congress set the jurisdiction of the federal courts.