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Humanitarian Intervention. Humanitarian Intervention. Overview. Outline Background Occasions Means Agents Endings Source: Michael Walzer, “The Argument about Humanitarian Intervention.” Dissent , Vo. 49, No. 1 (Winter 2002). Background.

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HumanitarianIntervention

HumanitarianIntervention

©Lawrence M. Hinman

overview
Overview
  • Outline
    • Background
    • Occasions
    • Means
    • Agents
    • Endings
  • Source: Michael Walzer, “The Argument about Humanitarian Intervention.” Dissent, Vo. 49, No. 1 (Winter 2002)

©Lawrence M. Hinman

background
Background
  • Atrocities generally used to be hidden, now they are much more likely to be covered in international news.
  • This issues cuts across traditional hawk-dove allegiances.

©Lawrence M. Hinman

some recent occasions for humanitarian intervention
Some Recent Occasions for Humanitarian Intervention
  • Somalia
  • Bosnia
  • Rwanda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Kosovo

©Lawrence M. Hinman

occasions
Occasions

“What are the occasions for humanitarian intervention?”

  • Only in extreme cases to protect life and liberty, not for everyday social change
  • Genocide, ethnic cleansing
    • No possibility of effective local response

©Lawrence M. Hinman

agents
Agents

“Who are the preferred agents?”

  • Possible agents in Kosovo: United States, NATO, UN
  • Unilateralism most common
  • Police forces, if trusted, are committed to entire body of citizenry—rarely the case for UN
  • Distinguish between right to intervene and obligation to do so.

©Lawrence M. Hinman

means
Means

“How should the agents act to meet the occasion?”

  • Use of force crucial to defeating those who are engaging in genocide
  • Kosovo: minimize risk to soldiers

©Lawrence M. Hinman

endings
Endings

“When is it time to end the intervention?”

  • Primary end is to stop the killing: “in and quickly out”
  • Generally leave the rest to local sovereignty, if possible, unless
    • No viable local political structure left
    • Killings likely to resume if withdraw
    • State is simply disintegrated

©Lawrence M. Hinman