Higher History. Examples of sources. Higher History Paper 2 exam paper. The Paper 2 exam paper lasts 1 hour 25 minutes and consists of five sources and four questions about four different issues. This is the same for each of the five subject contexts.
Examples of sources
Extract from The Treaty of Union, 1689-1740
Higher History Specimen Paper
Source E: from a letter written by the Earl of Mar to the Earl of Leven, 1708.
The Queen called a Cabinet Council last night, where she was pleased to call the Dukes of Queensberry and Montrose, the Earl of Loudon, Seafield and myself. We gave an account there of what orders the Queen had sent to Scotland, since the news of the invasion. It is expected that the Council will seize the horses and arms of those they think disloyal, and will also be giving their advice and instructions for securing the money, in the Mint and Bank, in case of a hostile landing. It was told to us that since both Houses had advised the Queen to arrest such persons as she had cause to suspect, and are now discussing a Bill for the suspending of Habeas Corpus Acts, it was appropriate that suspected people in Scotland should be arrested.
Extract from Migration and Empire, 1830-1939
Higher History Specimen Paper
Source A: from T M Devine, The Scottish Nation, 1700-2000 (2006).
It is clear that many of the crafts were being undermined by urban competition in the second half of the nineteenth century. Already by the 1850s, the technology of power looms was destroying the textile economy in numerous villages in Perth, Fife and Angus and promoting large-scale migration as a result. The development of a network of branch railway lines enabled cheap factory goods to penetrate far into the rural areas and so threatened the traditional markets for tailors, shoemakers and other tradesmen. The displacement of craftsmen and their families from the smaller country towns and villages became a familiar feature of the rural exodus by the end of the nineteenth century and before. While some trades vanished completely, others, such as the blacksmiths, continued to thrive as long as the horse economy survived. However, in large part, migration from the land before the 1940s has to be explained in terms of the changing attitudes of the farm labour force itself.
One of the best ways to understand a source is to consider these basic questions:
To encourage thinking skills learners could also think of other questions they have about the source as well as what the source missed out.
There are many varied resources available for the five contexts of the Scottish History (Higher) unit, in the national collections as well as locally available sources. Some archive materials from the national collections have been digitised and are available online and some are used in the NQ subject guides.
Sources are available from:
Learners will need guidance and strategies to help them understand and analyse sources. Often, it is not the learners’ historical knowledge that prevents them from analysing sources but their command of English, particularly with sources from earlier time periods or sources that are written in a higher register. It is therefore important for practitioners to take time to teach the type of language found in the sources they are using.