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ChEg 355 Transport Phenomena Lecture 1 8/22/00. Mark J. McCready Professor and Department Chair Chemical Engineering B.Ch.E. University of Delaware, 1979 Ph.D. University of Illinois, 1984 mjm@nd.edu 219-631-7146. ChEg curriculum and Transport Phenomena.

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cheg 355 transport phenomena lecture 1 8 22 00

ChEg 355 Transport PhenomenaLecture 18/22/00

Mark J. McCready

Professor and Department Chair

Chemical Engineering

B.Ch.E. University of Delaware, 1979

Ph.D. University of Illinois, 1984

mjm@nd.edu 219-631-7146

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

cheg curriculum and transport phenomena
ChEg curriculum andTransport Phenomena
  • DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
  • UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULUM
  • CLASS OF 2000 - FIRST CLASS TO FOLLOW THIS CURRICULUM
  • FIRST YEAR
  • First SemesterCr.Second SemesterCr.
  • MATH 125, Calculus I 4 MATH 126, Calculus II 4
  • CHEM 115, Gen Chem I 3 CHEM 116, Gen Chem II 3
  • PHYS 127, Gen Phys I 3.5 CHEM 116L, Gen Chem Lab 1
  • Arts and Letters I/EG 120 3 PHYS 128, Gen Phys II 3.5
  • ENGL 110/Univ. Sem. 180 (A&L II) 3 Arts and Letters I/EG 120 3
  • Physical Education _0_ Univ. Sem180/ENG110 (A&L, III) 3
  • 16.5 Physical Education _0_
  • 17.5
  • SOPHOMORE YEAR
  • First SemesterCr.Second SemesterCr.
  • MATH 225, Calculus III 3.5 MATH 228, Calculus IV 3.5
  • CHEM 223,Org Chem I 3 CHEM 224, Org Chem II 3
  • CHEM 223L, Organic Chem Lab I 1 Arts and Letters V 3
  • PHYS 229, Gen Phys III 3.5 CHEG 258, Computer Mtds 3
  • CHEG 255, Intro Chem Eng 3 CHEG 327, Thermo I 3
  • Arts and Letters IV _3 ___
  • 17 15.5

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

cheg curriculum and transport phenomena3
ChEg curriculum andTransport Phenomena
  • JUNIOR YEAR
  • First SemesterCr.Second SemesterCr.
  • MATH 325, Diff Eqns 3 CHEM 324, Physical Chem 3
  • CHEM 333, Analytical Chem 2 CHEG 356, Transport Phen II 3
  • CHEM 333L, Analytical Chem Lab 2 CHEG 225, Materials 3
  • Arts and Letters VI 3 CHEG 358, Chem Eng Lab I 3
  • CHEG 343, Thermo II 3 Elective 3
  • CHEG 355, Transport Phen I 3 Arts and Letters VII _3
  • 16 18

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

cheg curriculum and transport phenomena4
ChEg curriculum andTransport Phenomena
  • SENIOR YEAR
  • First SemesterCr.Second SemesterCr.
  • CHEG 438, Chem Proc Control 3 CHEG 448, Proc Design 3
  • CHEG 459, Chem Eng Lab II 3 ENG/#Advanced Scienceelective 3
  • CHEG 443, Separation Proc 3 Chemical Engineering Elective 3
  • CHEG 445, Chem Rxn Eng 3 *Technical Elective 3
  • ENG/#Advanced Scienceelective 3 Elective _3_
  • Arts and Letters VIII _3 15
  • 18

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

niche for chemical engineers in fluid mechanics
Niche for Chemical Engineersin Fluid Mechanics
  • Hard problems involved “detailed” phenomena that act on a small scale but influence the large scale
  • Also systems with mass transfer and/or chemical reaction occurring

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

examples
Examples
  • Drug delivery patches
  • Flow around and into cancerous tumors
  • Heart - Lung Machine
  • High density integrated circuit chips

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

brain cancer implantable patch
Brain Cancer implantable “patch”

http://www.guilfordpharm.com/fs_products_f.htm

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

transdermal glucose monitor
Transdermal glucose monitor

http://www.techchem.com/2000nonevasi.html

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

heart lung machine
Heart-Lung Machine

http://www.steeledesigns.com/gallrey3.html

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

1000 gallon reactor on its side
1000 Gallon reactor-on its side!

http://www.arnoldeqp.com/2312.htm

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

shanghai oil refinery
SHANGHAI OIL REFINERY

http://www.luboil.com/brief/brief.html

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

dramatic picture of a refinery
Dramatic picture of a refinery

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

large distillation tower
Large distillation tower

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

chemical process equipment catalytic cracking unit
Chemical Process equipmentCatalytic cracking unit

From Chemical Engineering Education,2000

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

structure of flowing fluids
Structure of flowing fluids

Gas-liquid flow in a pipe

Movies from NASA- Lewis, see mjm homepage for more info

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

structure of flowing fluids16
Structure of flowing fluids

Gas-liquid flow in a pipe

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

structure of flowing fluids17
Structure of flowing fluids

Gas-liquid flow in a pipe

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

structure of flowing fluids18
Structure of flowing fluids

Gas-liquid flow in a pipe

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

structure of flowing fluids19
Structure of flowing fluids

Interfacial waves generated by a shearing gas flow

W.C. Kuru

mjm Research

group

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

interesting fluid flow phenomena bands of different size particles forming in a rotating tube
Interesting fluid flow phenomenaBands of different size particles forming in a rotating tube

Physics Fluids

2000, et al. and

Acrivos

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

interesting fluid flow phenomena kelvin helmholtz instability a jet flowing into a stationary fluid
Interesting fluid flow phenomena Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability (A jet flowing into a stationary fluid)

Next few movies from: http://www.itsc.com/movies/

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

interesting fluid flow phenomena rayleigh benard instability top wall is cooled causing fluid flow
Interesting fluid flow phenomenaRayleigh-Benard instabilityTop wall is cooled causing fluid flow

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

interesting fluid flow phenomena a buoyant jet
Interesting fluid flow phenomenaA buoyant jet

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

interesting fluid flow phenomena rayleigh taylor instability hot fluid below cool fluid
Interesting fluid flow phenomenaRayleigh -Taylor InstabilityHot fluid below cool fluid

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

favorite quotes
Favorite quotes
  • Sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic
  • An engineer can always befuddle a financial person with technology, but a financial person can never over whelm an engineer with numbers

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

favorite quotes26
Favorite quotes
  • The more you know, the better engineer you will be!
  • I knew then as I can confirm now, nothing would ever be as hard to understand as transport phenomena and the Navier-Stokes equations. I was never again intimidated by quantitative problems and I appreciated the need to formulate simpler problems that gave useful results.

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

favorite quotes27
Favorite quotes

The history of modern science has shown repeatedly that a

quantitative description of nature can often be achieved most

successfully by first idealizing natural phenomena, i.e. by

setting up a simplified model, either physical or mathematical,

which crudely describes the essential behavior while neglecting

details.

(In fact, one of the outstanding characteristics of great

contributors to modern science has been their ability to

distinguish between what is essential from what is incidental) ........"

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

who said them
Who said them
  • A top design engineer from DuPont
  • A CEO of a steel company
  • One of the most influential chemical engineering professors of all time
  • A top research/technology engineer from Shell
  • An ND Cheg Alum who is a VP for General Mills

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Fluid mechanics is fun!
  • The niche for chemical engineers is understanding the effects of small scale phenomena that cause large scale outcomes
  • This course possesses great depth and should be useful to your educational development even if you do not use it day to for a living

mjm@nd.eduhttp://www.nd.edu/~mjmhttp://www.nd.edu/~chegdept