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Basics of Starting Beekeeping. Still You?. Bethany Swartz Jenn Van Wagnen. Keys to Beekeeping. Knowledge of bee science Knowledge of bee botany Familiarity with modern agriculture Some elementary economics Tools & ability to work with wood Ability to keep vehicles running

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basics of starting beekeeping

Basics ofStartingBeekeeping

Still You?

Bethany Swartz

Jenn Van Wagnen

keys to beekeeping
Keys to Beekeeping
  • Knowledge of bee science
  • Knowledge of bee botany
  • Familiarity with modern agriculture
  • Some elementary economics
  • Tools & ability to work with wood
  • Ability to keep vehicles running
  • Fortitude to take bee stings
keys to managing bees
Keys to Managing Bees
  • knowledge of bee biology/art
  • commitment of time and interest
  • a bee hive [Langstroth]
  • bees
  • an apiary site
  • personal protective & ancillary equipment
  • basics of what – when - where - how & why
  • solving requeening/feeding management
what to wear use
What to wear/use?
  • a veil (always)
  • coveralls
  • boots
  • sleeve/pant leg tie downs
  • gloves (sparingly)
  • avoid strong body odors
  • smoker
  • hive tool/frame lifter
  • tool box/stool
when to manage
When to manage

♦AVOID RAIN

♦ warm dry, windless days are best

♦ 10 AM- 4 PM

♦ during nectar flow (or feed colonies sugar water)

♦ when smaller in population size or in supers--only during the summer

where how long
Where & How long?

♦ At side of colony

♦ 5 – 20 minutes

♦ avoid robbing

♦ use manipulating

cloth to cover

exposed frames

♦ consider tools like

frame lifter

♦ ‘listen’ to bees

why inspect
Why Inspect?

♦ For a reason - intensively or extensively

♦ spring & fall

♦ to control

swarming

♦ to super

♦ to harvest

♦ to overwinter

successfully

♦ to control pests including mites

10 inspection tips refer to page 195 in the text
10 Inspection tips*Refer to page 195 in the text
  • Examine on warm sunny days between 10AM -4PM
  • Examine under good forage conditions
  • Concentrate on smaller colonies to learn
  • Always wear veil and bee-tight clothing
  • Keep lighted smoker handy
  • Manipulate as rapidly as possible w/out hurrying
  • Slow down and smooth-out hand/body movements
  • Start on outer frame – avoid jarring & crushing bees
  • Hold frames to permit easy, rapid viewing
  • Avoid robbing
  • ENJOY! The KEY is your enjoyment!
handling difficult colonies
Handling difficult colonies
  • Don’t!
  • Use tools
  • Wait for better

forage/bees

  • Avoid robbing
  • Requeen
    • Have to 1st dequeen
  • Feed bees
requeening12
Requeening

Dequeen and ....

  • introduce a purchased gentle queen
  • rear a new queen from gentle bees
  • add a queen cell from gentle bees
  • allow bees to rear own new queen
  • do nothing – will eventually raise a new queen

Hardest part is dequeening!!

feeding bees
Feeding Bees

Sugar syrup

  • To avoid colony starvation
  • To stimulate colony development
  • To modify foraging population
  • Provide newly hived bees w/ food
  • Make queen rearing/requeening easier

Sugar syrup or powdered sugar

  • To feed medications

Sugar syrup or protein

  • Stimulate drone production

Dry sugar with protein

  • To feed supplemental protein into colony
feeding sugar
Feeding sugar
  • WHY?
    • save colony (fall, winter or early spring)
    • stimulate colony (early spring)
    • get new colony (pkg, nuc, swarm) started
    • administer medications
    • assist w/ queen rearing/drone production
    • sample for mites (powdered sugar)
    • help make inspections easier

Feeding is never easy

feeding sugar15
Feeding sugar

but also ...

  • in dry form
  • in candy form
  • as powdered sugar

♦ As sugar syrup

feeding honey
Feeding honey
  • Never!

except

when needed!

and

you know source!

feeding protein
Feeding protein

Pollen supplement – Pollen substitute

starting
Starting !!!

& friends!!!

You