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Views of Administration of Justice. http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/dcpi/videos/nypd_video.html. Student Learning Outcome. On the completion of this section, students will be able to discuss the concepts that define the criminal justice system and the various components of the system.

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views of administration of justice

Views of Administration of Justice

http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/dcpi/videos/nypd_video.html

student learning outcome
Student Learning Outcome
  • On the completion of this section, students will be able to discuss the concepts that define the criminal justice system and the various components of the system.
is it really a system
Is it really a system?
  • Is the criminal justice system or administration of justice really a system?
    • Police
    • Courts
    • Corrections
slide4
Law enforcement agencies
    • investigating crimes and apprehending suspects
  • The court system
    • Determination of guilt of suspect
  • Correctional System
    • Treating, incapacitating and rehabilitating
the criminal justice system
The criminal justice system
  • 55,000 public agencies
    • 17,000 are police agencies
  • 17,000 courts
    • 8000 prosecutorial agencies
  • 6000 correctional institutions
  • 3500 probation and parole departments
  • Approximately 2 million involved in the criminal justice system, 900,000 in law enforcement
slide6
http://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.htmlhttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html
the formal criminal justice process
The Formal Criminal Justice Process
  • Initial contact
  • Investigation
  • Arrest
  • Custody
  • Charging
  • Preliminary Hearing/Grand Jury
  • Arraignment
  • Bail/Detention
the formal criminal justice process8
The Formal Criminal Justice Process
  • Plea Bargaining
  • Trial/AdjudicAppeal/Post Conviction Remedies
  • Correctional Treatment
  • Release
  • Post Release
the informal justice system
The Informal Justice System
  • The Formal Justice System rarely works in a step-by-step process
  • The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake (Samuel Walker)
    • Celebrated cases
    • Serious felonies
    • Less serious felonies
    • Misdemeanors
crime control perspective
Crime Control Perspective
  • James Q. Wilson in “Thinking about Crime”
    • People are wicked
    • Prevent crime through sanctions
    • Criminals should fear the justice system
    • Legal technicalities and “bleeding heart” judges should be abolished
    • The focus should be on the victim
crime control perspective history
Crime Control Perspective History
  • The worse crime gets, the more advocates for deterrence
  • 1764 Cesare Beccaria
    • On Crime and Punishment
  • Certainty and Celerity of Punishment
  • Jeremy Bentham
    • Introduction to the Principles of Morals And Legislation
rehabilitation perspective
Rehabilitation perspective
  • The purpose of the justice system is to treat and care for offenders who cannot treat or care for themselves
    • The goal is lifestyle improvement
    • Criminals are victims
    • There are alternatives to crime
due process perspective
Due Process Perspective
  • Criminal justice should provide fair and equitable treatment
    • Nonadversarial view of the court room workgroup
nonintervention perspective
Nonintervention Perspective
  • Being involved in the criminal justice process stigmatizes a person
    • Decriminalize
    • Legalize victimless crimes
    • DE-institutionalize punishment
    • Community-based treatment programs
justice perspective
Justice Perspective
  • Law violators should be viewed by their current behavior, not their prior behavior
    • Punishment should be equitably administered