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Views of Administration of Justice. http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/dcpi/videos/nypd_video.html. Student Learning Outcome. On the completion of this section, students will be able to discuss the concepts that define the criminal justice system and the various components of the system.

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Views of Administration of Justice

http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/dcpi/videos/nypd_video.html


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Student Learning Outcome

  • On the completion of this section, students will be able to discuss the concepts that define the criminal justice system and the various components of the system.


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Is it really a system?

  • Is the criminal justice system or administration of justice really a system?

    • Police

    • Courts

    • Corrections


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  • Law enforcement agencies

    • investigating crimes and apprehending suspects

  • The court system

    • Determination of guilt of suspect

  • Correctional System

    • Treating, incapacitating and rehabilitating


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The criminal justice system

  • 55,000 public agencies

    • 17,000 are police agencies

  • 17,000 courts

    • 8000 prosecutorial agencies

  • 6000 correctional institutions

  • 3500 probation and parole departments

  • Approximately 2 million involved in the criminal justice system, 900,000 in law enforcement


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The Formal Criminal Justice Processhttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • Initial contact

  • Investigation

  • Arrest

  • Custody

  • Charging

  • Preliminary Hearing/Grand Jury

  • Arraignment

  • Bail/Detention


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The Formal Criminal Justice Processhttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • Plea Bargaining

  • Trial/AdjudicAppeal/Post Conviction Remedies

  • Correctional Treatment

  • Release

  • Post Release


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The Informal Justice Systemhttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • The Formal Justice System rarely works in a step-by-step process

  • The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake (Samuel Walker)

    • Celebrated cases

    • Serious felonies

    • Less serious felonies

    • Misdemeanors


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Crime Control Perspectivehttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • James Q. Wilson in “Thinking about Crime”

    • People are wicked

    • Prevent crime through sanctions

    • Criminals should fear the justice system

    • Legal technicalities and “bleeding heart” judges should be abolished

    • The focus should be on the victim


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Crime Control Perspective Historyhttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • The worse crime gets, the more advocates for deterrence

  • 1764 Cesare Beccaria

    • On Crime and Punishment

  • Certainty and Celerity of Punishment

  • Jeremy Bentham

    • Introduction to the Principles of Morals And Legislation


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Rehabilitation perspectivehttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • The purpose of the justice system is to treat and care for offenders who cannot treat or care for themselves

    • The goal is lifestyle improvement

    • Criminals are victims

    • There are alternatives to crime


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Due Process Perspectivehttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • Criminal justice should provide fair and equitable treatment

    • Nonadversarial view of the court room workgroup


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Nonintervention Perspectivehttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • Being involved in the criminal justice process stigmatizes a person

    • Decriminalize

    • Legalize victimless crimes

    • DE-institutionalize punishment

    • Community-based treatment programs


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Justice Perspectivehttp://www.cjnowonline.com/cjnowonline8e/cjsystem/cjmap_v1.html

  • Law violators should be viewed by their current behavior, not their prior behavior

    • Punishment should be equitably administered


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