Vicksburg. Champion Hill and Big Black. Results of the Battle of Jackson May 14, 1863. Grant neutralized Jackson militarily: burned the machine shops and factories cut telegraph lines destroyed railroad tracks Jackson became known as “Chimneyville”
Champion Hill and Big Black
Deep ravines such as this one cut throughout the area and disrupted Federal formations
The Jackson Road trace as it ascends Champion Hill. From this point, the crest would be approximately 400 yards.
The crest of Champion Hill looking north. At the time of the battle, this was the highest point on the battlefield. Free of trees, the crest provided Confederates a commanding view of the entire area.
View of the battlefield looking south from the Champion Hill Road, 1000 yards northwest of the crest of Champion Hill. The actual crest of Champion Hill would be hidden by the treeline near the middle of the picture.
View from the Confederate line on Champion Hill. The thick cover served both Confederates and Federals well.
1864 photograph of the Big Black River battlefield
The Civil War-era bridge over the Big Black was burned by the Confederates to prevent pursuit by Grant’s army.