To revise our understanding of verb tenses. To investigate spelling rules that are used in verb changes.
Verbs. What is a verb? • A verb is a word which describes the action in a sentence (the doing word) Examples I play football. They skip quickly. We eat spaghetti. Bob is seven today.
Can you spot the words which are verbs? sun pink happy jump pig One way to check if a word is a verb is to see if it can be changed sit cup
Changing verbs. Verb Tenses • Verb tenses describe WHEN the action is happening. • PRESENT (it’s happening NOW.) • PAST (it’s ALREADY happened.) • FUTURE (it’s ABOUT to happen.)
Present tense to past tense • The following sentences are written in the present tense. Try changing them to the past tense by putting Yesterday at the beginning of each. • I walk to school. • They jump the rope. • Bob looks at the bug. • I play football. Which word in each sentence changes? How have the verbs changed?
How did you do? • Yesterday I walked to school. • Yesterday they jumped quickly. • Yesterday Bob looked at the bug. • Yesterday I played football. Is there a spelling pattern connecting the changes to these verbs?
walk jump look play walked jumped looked played Most verbs just need ed
Spot the pattern Put these sentences into the past. Think how the verbs would alter this time. • She hops over the cracks. • The cow skips over the moon. • I bat the ball in the garden. • You tap on the window.
How did you do? • She hopped over the cracks. • The cow skipped over the moon. • I batted the ball in the garden. • You tapped on the window. How have these words altered?
hop skip bat tap hopped skipped batted tapped What have these words in common?
Similar words. Different rules tap/ tape hop/ hope • I always tape my favourite TV shows. • We hope we win the race. hope tape hoped taped
Ending in y • I try to make all my letters join. • When I hurt myself I cry. • For breakfast I fry some eggs. • I carry the register to the office.
The y changes to… • I try to make all my letters join. • When I hurt myself I cry. • For breakfast I fry some eggs. • I carry the register to the office. try cry fry carry tried cried fried carried
To investigate spelling rules that are used in verb tense changes. • Match the rule to each set of words. (or Challenge can you write your own rules?) • Think of more examples that use these rules. • Write your own rules for verbs ending in e, in x.
Plenary. What are the rules? marry married try tried spy spied cook cooked play played jump jumped hug hugged stop stopped grab grabbed Most words= Add ed Double the final consonant and add ed Change y to i then add ed save saved bake baked tape taped fix fixed mix mixed box boxed
To understand and spell irregular verbs. To develop our understanding of standard English
A quick recap and challenge wait waited • Write the past tense versions of these verbs. pack packed stop stopped pot potted try tried marry married keep kept give gave
Odd bods. Look at the next sentences. Can you place these in the past? Be careful! • Jack and Jill go up the hill. • Thomas finds the mouse. • Lucy does her homework after school. • Bo Peep sits on her sheep.
How did you do? • Jack and Jill went up the hill. • Thomas found the mouse. • Lucy did her homework after school. • Bo Peep sat on her sheep. Irregular verbs can be tricky to learn. You might hear people at school using the add ‘ed’ rule to irregular verbs.
My day Last weekend I goed to my friend’s house. First, I runned up to the door and ringed the bell… no answer. I writed a note and readed it back to myself. Just then, I seed my friend, so we rided our bikes. Later we goed to the shops and buyed some sweets. Mike, my friend, eated half of his then putted the rest in his bag. I’m not like him – I eated all mine in one go! It is important that we learn irregular verbs so that we use STANDARD ENGLISH.
blow meet feed grow throw blew met fed grew threw Though irregular verbs do not follow the + ed pattern of regular verbs, there are some patterns to discover with irregular verbs. Can you spot any here? What has happened to the words ending in ow? What has happened to the words with double e?
To investigate the spelling of irregular verbs. • Spread the cards across your table. • Match up past and present examples of irregular verbs. • Try to group verbs with similar spelling changes.
Proofreading. Read through these sentences. Can you spot a problem? • Last year I eat school dinners and go to after school club. • We will go in to the hall yesterday for our fitness session with Mrs Perkins.