slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 244 Views
  • Uploaded on

Grey Market Goods and Parallel Imports Christopher Stothers Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP, London. Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009. Overview. What is parallel trade and why does it matter? IP - sales within Europe IP - sales outside Europe

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Grey Market Goods and Parallel Imports Christopher Stothers Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP, London Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of MSMEs 11 December 2009

    2. Overview • What is parallel trade and why does it matter? • IP - sales within Europe • IP - sales outside Europe • Competition restrictions • Practical strategies for MSMEs

    3. What is parallel trade? • Goods are manufactured and then put onto the market in country A. • Parallel trade occurs when the goods are subsequently transferred to country B by another party (the parallel trader, who may also be the end consumer). • The distinguishing feature of parallel trade is that the manufacturer did not intend those particular goods to end up in country B. • The goods are typically described in country B as “parallel imports” or “grey market goods”.

    4. Why does it matter? Manufacturers • Every manufacturer hates disruption to distribution • …distributors and retailers complain • …brand gets damaged • …and profits are reduced

    5. Why does it matter? Consumers • Every consumer loves a bargain • …but not everyone will fly to New York for one • …so intermediaries (parallel traders, retailers, online distribution systems) will try to “help” • …and search costs are reduced as price transparency increases online

    6. Why does it matter? Goals for MSMEs • As a consequence, MSMEs must try to: • …minimise disruption to their distribution • …without alienating consumers (or their “representatives”) • …without getting tripped up by the law • …and maximise opportunities of the EEA?

    7. IP - sales within Europe The problem of exhaustion • Cannot use IP rights to prevent parallel imports within the 30 Contracting States of the EEA (Articles 28-30) “would be repugnant to the essential purpose of the [EC] Treaty” • Courts are unwilling to allow structural circumvention Case 1: Bolton v Swinghope/Doncaster • Only hope is trade mark where product is altered Case 2: Sportswear v Stonestyle

    8. IP - sales outside Europe More exhaustion problems • Can use IP rights to prevent parallel imports from outside EEA unless unequivocal consent to sell them in the EEA • Need to be able to show where goods were put on market Case 3: Van Doren (and Sun v Amtec) • Need to ensure goods put on market outside the EEA Case 4: Peak Holdings • Dangers of implied consent: Mastercigars, Honda

    9. Competition restrictions Yet more problems • Must comply with Articles 81 & 82 (Vertical Guidelines) Apply where there is an agreement or dominant position No resale price maintenance, restricting parallel trade or restricting internet distribution • Must ensure compliance in practice, not just on paper • Refusals to supply can be dangerous May be treated as part of an agreement May make selective distribution system void

    10. Practical strategies for MSMEs • Consider potential distribution issues whenever selling in different markets on different terms – is it worth it? • Be creative when deciding how to tackle the issues • Protect the brand reputation • Look for opportunities to reduce costs

    11. Thank you for your time Any questions? Christopher Stothers cstothers@milbank.com+44 (20) 7615 3016 Parallel Trade in Europe: Intellectual Property, Competition and Regulatory Law Hart Publishing, 2007 Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP 10 Gresham Street, London EC2V 7JD University College London Bentham House, Endsleigh Gardens, London WC1H 0EG