THE SEVENTEENTH AND EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE SEVENTEENTH AND EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES

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  1. THE SEVENTEENTH AND EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES

  2. NATIVE AMERICANS IN PRE-COLUMBIAN NORTH AMERICA

  3. Between 1 million and 5 million Native Americans lived in modern Canada and the United States

  4. Tribes were independent of each other and often competed for the same natural resources

  5. Difficult to unite against Europeans

  6. THE EARLY COLONIAL ERA: SPAIN COLONIZES THE NEW WORLD

  7. Columbus returned to Spain and reported the existence of a rich New World with easy-to-subjugate natives

  8. During the next century, Spain was the colonial power

  9. Advanced weaponry and incredible ruthlessness of the conquistadors

  10. Spanish Armada made it difficult for other countries to send their own expeditions.

  11. conquistadors enslaved the natives and attempted to erase their culture and supplant it with Catholicism

  12. Europeans were "carriers" of small pox

  13. THE ENGLISH ARRIVE

  14. The “Lost Colony”

  15. Sir Walter Raleigh sponsored a settlement on Roanoke Island

  16. By 1590 the colony had disappeared

  17. In 1606 they settled Jamestown

  18. joint-stock company: a group of investors who bought the right to establish New World plantations from the king

  19. company was called the Virginia Company

  20. English gentlemen, were ill-suited to the many adjustments life in the New World required

  21. Captain John Smith imposed harsh martial law

  22. "He who will not work shall not eat."

  23. During the starving time of 1609 and 1610, some resorted to cannibalism

  24. Powhatan Confederacy taught the English what crops to plant and how to plant them

  25. 1614, Pocahontas, the daughter of the chief, married planter John Rolfe

  26. English forgot their debt to the Powhatan as soon as they needed more land

  27. Powhatan Confederacy was destroyed by English in 1644.

  28. John Rolfe introduced the cash crop of tobacco

  29. Indians showed him how

  30. Tobacco’s success largely determined the fate of the Virginia region

  31. Area came to be known as the Chesapeake (named after the bay)

  32. Why emigrate?

  33. Overpopulation in England had led to widespread famine, disease, and poverty

  34. Opportunity provided by indentured servitude

  35. Indentured servants received a small piece of property with their freedom, thus enabling them (1) to survive, and (2) to vote

  36. In 1619 Virginia established the House of Burgesses, in which any property-holding, white male could vote

  37. THE PILGRIMS AND THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY COMPANY

  38. Protestant movement called Puritanism arose in England

  39. Wanted to purify the corrupt Anglican Church

  40. One Puritan group called Separatists left England and went to Holland

  41. In 1620 they set sail for Virginia Mayflower, went off course and they landed in modern-day Massachusetts

  42. Mayflower Compact created a legal authority and an assembly. It asserted that the government's power derives from the consent of the governed

  43. Pilgrims received life-saving assistance from local Native Americans

  44. 1629: a larger and more powerful colony called Massachusetts Bay was established by Congregationalists (Puritans who wanted to reform the Anglican church from within )

  45. Separatists and the Congregationalists did not tolerate religious freedom in their colonies, even though both had experienced and fled religious persecution.

  46. Roger Williams, a teacher in the Salem Bay settlement, taught that church and state should be separate Puritans banished Williams

  47. He moved to modern-day Rhode Island and founded a new colony

  48. Anne Hutchinson was a prominent proponent of antinomianism

  49. antinomianism faith and God's grace suffice to earn one a place among the "elect."

  50. She was tried for heresy, convicted, and banished